Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
Adult Lead (Blood)
Adult Lead (Blood) Does this test have other names? Lead poisoning test, BLL What is this test? This test measures the levels of lead in your blood. High levels of lead can be toxic. Complications include abdominal pain, constipation, a decline in thinking, and high blood pressure. Lead exposure can also cause reproductive problems. Women with high lead levels are more likely to have stillbirths or give birth to infants with lead poisoning. Men may have low sperm counts or abnormal sperm. You may be exp...
Aspartate Transaminase Does this test have other names? AST, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase test, SGOT What is this test? This blood test is used to diagnose liver damage. Aspartate transaminase (AST) is an enzyme that is released when your liver or muscles are damaged. Although AST is found mainly in your liver and heart, AST can also be found in small amounts in other muscles. This test can also be used to monitor liver disease. Why do I need this test? Your healthcare provider might give you...
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Does this test have other names? ABG, systemic arterial blood gas analysis, PaO2, PaCO2, pH, or oxygen saturation test. What is this test? An arterial blood gas analysis (ABG) measures the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood to see how well your lungs are working. It also measures the acid-base balance in the blood. Your kidneys and lungs keep this acid-base balance. You need this for the enzyme systems in your body to work at their best. When there is an imbalanc...
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Clotting Time
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Clotting Time Does this test have other names? Intrinsic pathway coagulation factor profile, aPTT, partial thromboplastin time, PTT, blood coagulation tests What is this test? The aPTT is one of several blood coagulation tests. It measures how long it takes your blood to form a clot. Normally, when one of your blood vessels is damaged, proteins in your blood called clotting factors come together in a certain order to form blood clots and quickly stop bleeding. The aPTT t...
Apolipoprotein B-100 Does this test have other names? ApoB100, Apolipoprotein B, ApoB, Apolipoprotein (B) What is this test? This test measures the amount of a certain type of cholesterol called apolipoprotein B-100 (ApoB) in your blood. ApoB is the main protein found in the low-density lipoproteins (LDL). LDL cholesterol is also called "bad" cholesterol because high levels of it can damage your heart and arteries. The ApoB test helps your healthcare provider figure out your risk for cardiovascular dise...
Apolipoprotein A Does this test have other names? Apo A-1, apolipoprotein a-1 What is this test? This test measures the amount of apolipoprotein A in your blood. It helps your healthcare provider figure out your risk for cardiovascular disease. Apolipoprotein A is a protein carried in HDL ("good") cholesterol. It helps start the process for HDL to remove bad types of cholesterol from your body. In this way, apolipoprotein A can help to lower your risk for cardiovascular disease. Although apolipoprotein ...
Antitissue Transglutaminase Antibody
Anti-tissue Transglutaminase Antibody Does this test have other names? IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase, IgA Anti-tTG, celiac disease testing What is this test? This test is used to see if you have celiac disease. It is also used to see how well people with the condition are doing. It is one of several blood tests that may be used to help diagnose celiac disease. Tissue transglutaminase is an enzyme that fixes damage in your body. People with celiac disease often make antibodies that attack this enzyme....
Antithrombin (Activity and Antigen)
Antithrombin (Activity and Antigen) Does this test have other names? Functional antithrombin III, functional AT, AT activity What are these tests? The antithrombin activity and antigen tests are used to help find out what may be causing abnormal blood clots in your body. A blood clot (thrombus) can be good or bad, depending on the case. Your body needs to be able to form blood clots in order to stop too much bleeding in case of injury. But it's important to prevent abnormal clots that cut off blood flow...
Antiphospholipid Antibody Does this test have other names? APA, lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies What is this test? This blood test checks for antiphospholipid antibodies. These may be found in people with abnormal blood clots or autoimmune diseases. Your immune system usually creates antibodies in response to an infection or foreign invaders like bacteria. Antiphospholipid antibodies are usually made when your immune system mistakes part of your own body for a harmful substance. In this ...
Antinuclear Antibody Does this test have other names? ANA, fluorescent antinuclear antibody test, FANA What is this test? This blood test is done to help your health care provider find out if you have an autoimmune disease. Your immune system is your body's defense system. It protects you against foreign invaders like viruses and bacteria. In some cases, your immune system can become confused. It can think that normal cells in your body are foreign invaders. When that happens, your body can make protein...
Antimyocardial Antibody Does this test have other names? AMA, anti-cardiac muscle antibody What is this test? This test measures how many antimyocardial antibodies (AMAs) are in your blood. AMAs are a sign of heart damage. Higher levels are linked to several forms of heart disease. They can be found in the blood before you have any symptoms of heart disease. Why do I need this test? Some people develop AMAs after heart surgery or a heart attack. Having these antibodies can be a sign of pericarditis, or ...
Antimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 Antibody
Antimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 Antibody Does this test have other names? AMA, mitochondrial antibody, antimitochondrial M2 antibody What is this test? This test looks for substances called antimitochondrial antibody and antimitochondrial M2 antibody in your blood. These substances are usually made by your body if you have a condition called primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). PBC is the most common autoimmune disease that affects the liver. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system att...
Antidiuretic Hormone Does this test have other names? Vasopressin, arginine vasopressin, ADH What is this test? This test measures how much antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is in your blood. ADH is made by your hypothalamus. ADH keeps the amount of water in your body in balance. Certain conditions can affect the amount of ADH that your body makes. These include hyponatremia, or low sodium levels in your bodily fluids. They also include diabetes insipidus. Symptoms of this condition include urinating often and...
Anion Gap (Blood)
Anion Gap (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum anion gap What is this test? This test looks at electrically charged particles in your blood. This helps your health care provider diagnose acid-base problems. The test results are done from the results of an electrolyte panel, another blood test. Your blood contains sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate. All of these are charged particles. The value for the anion gap tells your health care provider something about which other charged particles must b...
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood)
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum angiotensin converting enzyme, SACE What is this test? This test measures how much angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is in your blood. Your ACE levels may be higher if you have a condition called sarcoidosis. In sarcoidosis, small abnormal knots of immune cells called granulomas form in various parts of the body. The most common place is in the lungs. These knots of cells may cause health problems. Granulomas can also form in...
Anaerobic Culture Does this test have other names? Wound culture What is this test? This test looks for certain bacteria in a wound or an infection in a fluid sample. These bacteria are called anaerobic because they don't need oxygen to grow. Infections caused by anaerobic bacteria can occur almost anywhere in your body. These may be oral infections, lung infections, diabetes-related foot infections, infected bites, and gangrene. Finding the specific bacteria that's causing your infection helps your hea...
Amylase (Urine) Does this test have other names? Amylase What is this test? This test measures how much of the enzyme amylase is in your urine. About 40% of the amylase in your body is made by your pancreas. The rest comes from your salivary glands. This test is used to find out whether your pancreas or your salivary glands are swollen. Your amylase levels are usually higher than normal if you have a problem with your pancreas. High levels can also be caused by an infection, cancer, or even alcohol or m...
Amylase (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum amylase What is this test? This test measures the level of the enzyme amylase in your blood. About 40% of the amylase in your body is made by your pancreas. The rest comes from your salivary glands. This test is used to find out whether your pancreas or your salivary glands are swollen. If you have a pancreatic disorder, your amylase levels are usually higher than normal. High levels can also be caused by an infection, cancer, or even alcohol or med...
Amphetamine Screen (Urine)
Amphetamine Screen (Urine) Does this test have other names? Drug test, AMP, toxicology urine screen What is this test? This test looks for amphetamine in your urine. Amphetamine is a drug that stimulates your central nervous system. It can show up in your urine long after you've taken it. Amphetamines include methamphetamine (meth) and phentermine. Amphetamine is a commonly used street drug. It makes users feel very alert and have lots of energy. Stimulants like amphetamine and methamphetamine can also ...
Amphetamine Screen (Blood)
Amphetamine Screen (Blood) Does this test have other names? Amphetamine concentrations screen (blood), amphetamine screen (blood) What is this test? This test measures the amount of a drug called amphetamine in your blood. This drug is a central nervous system stimulant. This group of drugs also includes methamphetamine, or "meth." The test is most commonly used to screen for drug abuse. It's often required by the court system and some workplaces. If you show symptoms of an amphetamine overdose, such as...
Ammonia Does this test have other names? Blood ammonia test, NH3 What is this test? This test checks the level of ammonia in your blood. The test helps find out why you may have changes in consciousness and also helps diagnose a liver disease called hepatic encephalopathy. This disease affects how your brain works, because of excess toxins, or poisons, in your body. Your liver may not work properly if you have high levels of ammonia in your blood. Ammonia is a chemical made by bacteria in your intestine...
ALT Does this test have other names? Alanine aminotransferase, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, SGPT What is this test? This test measures the amount of the enzyme alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in your blood. ALT, formerly called SGPT, is mostly found in your liver cells. When liver cells are injured, they release this enzyme into your blood. High levels are a sign of liver damage. This test is part of a group of tests commonly referred to as "liver function tests." Results of these tests give heal...
Alpha-Fetoprotein Tumor Marker (Blood)
Alpha-Fetoprotein Tumor Marker (Blood) Does this test have other names? AFP What is this test? This is a blood test to look for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in your blood. AFP is normally made by a fetus's liver and yolk sac. It's the main protein during the first three months of development. AFP greatly decreases by age 1 and should only be found in adults in very low levels. AFP is one of several tumor markers. Tumor markers are molecules in the blood that are higher when a person has certain cancers. AFP ...
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Blood) Does this test have other names? msAFP screen What is this test? If you are pregnant, this test looks for a fetal substance called alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in your blood. AFP is a protein made by your fetus' liver. The protein passes through the placenta and into your blood. The test helps find out whether your fetus has higher than normal levels of AFP. Higher levels of AFP may mean that your fetus has an abnormality, such as a neural tube defect or Down syndrome. Neural tube d...
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Amniotic Fluid)
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Amniotic Fluid) Does this test have other names? Amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein, AFAFP test What is this test? This test checks a sample of amniotic fluid. The sample can confirm that your fetus has a birth defect called an open neural tube defect. Spina bifida is an example of a neural tube defect. Amniotic fluid is the liquid that protects and feeds your fetus during pregnancy. When a developing baby has open neural tube defect, it often causes a high level of alpha-fetoprotein (A...
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Does this test have other names? Alpha-1-antiprotease deficiency, alpha-1-antiproteinase inhibitor deficiency, AAT deficiency, alpha-1-antitrypsin (A-1AT) deficiency What is this test? This is a blood test to help find out if liver disorders and lung diseases such as emphysema are caused by a genetic disorder called alpha-1antitrypsin deficiency. This is especially true if they show up much earlier than they normally would. This disorder is linked to abnormally low levels or a lack o...
Alkaline Phosphatase Does this test have other names? ALP What is this test? The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) test measures how much alkaline phosphatase you have in your blood. Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found throughout your body. But it is mainly in your liver, bone, kidney, and digestive tract. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if you're at risk for a condition that affects your liver. For instance, your blood can show higher levels of ALP if one of the bile ducts that drains your...
Aldosterone and Renin
Aldosterone and Renin Does this test have other names? Aldosterone-renin ratio (ARR), plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone What is this test? This test measures levels of the hormones aldosterone and renin in your blood. Aldosterone and renin play important roles in the body. Aldosterone regulates your levels of potassium, sodium, and overall blood volume. High levels of aldosterone can result from a condition called primary aldosteronism (PA), which causes high blood pressure. PA can then le...
Albumin (Urine) Does this test have other names? Urine albumin, 24-hour urine test for albumin What is this test? This test looks for a protein called albumin in your urine. The test is used to check for kidney damage or disease. Albumin helps to keep the right amount of fluid moving through your body. Your kidneys filter toxins from your blood, but they allow proteins to pass through because proteins are useful to your body. Proteins should be reabsorbed in your blood and not be passed out in your urin...
Albumin (Blood) Does this test have other names? ALB What is this test? This test measures the amount of the protein albumin in your blood. Your liver makes albumin. Albumin carries substances such as hormones, drugs, and enzymes throughout your body. This test can help diagnose, evaluate, and watch kidney and liver conditions. When your kidneys begin to fail, albumin starts to leak into your urine. This causes a low albumin level in your blood. Why do I need this test? You may have this test if your he...
ACTH (Blood) Does this test have other names? Adrenocorticotropic hormone blood test, corticotropin What is this test? This is a blood test that measures the amount of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) the pituitary gland produces. This gland is a tiny organ that sits just below your brain. It secretes adrenocorticotropic hormone, which controls the production of another hormone called cortisol. Cortisol is produced by your adrenal glands, which are located at the top of your kidneys. Cortisol helps br...
Activated Coagulation Time
Activated Coagulation Time Does this test have other names? ACT, activated clotting time What is this test? This test measures how long it takes your blood to clot. It's often used to check how well the drug heparin is working. Heparin slows the ability of blood to clot, and the ACT test helps your health care provider determine the right dosage. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if you are getting heparin to prevent your blood from clotting during a procedure such as open heart surgery, c...
Acid-Fast Bacteria Smear
Acid-Fast Bacteria Smear Does this test have other names? AFB smear microscopy, AFB smear, mycobacterial smear What is this test? This test looks for a type of bacteria called acid-fast bacillus in your sputum. Tuberculosis is the most common infection from this type of bacteria. Your sputum sample is collected from mucus coughed up from your lungs. The sample is "smeared" on a glass slide and treated with a special acid-fast stain to look at under a microscope. Why do I need this test? You may need thi...
Acid-Fast Bacteria Culture
Acid-Fast Bacteria Culture Does this test have other names? Acid-fast bacillus smear and culture, AFB smear and culture, TB culture and sensitivity, mycobacterial culture What is this test? An acid-fast bacteria (AFB) culture is done to find out if you have tuberculosis (TB) or another mycobacterial infection. Besides tuberculosis, the other main mycobacterial infections are leprosy and a TB-like disease that affects people with HIV/AIDS. To do an AFB culture, health care providers take a sample of phle...
Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody (Blood)
Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody (Blood) Does this test have other names? Muscle Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Binding Antibody, AChR Antibody, Myasthenia Gravis Antibodies What is this test? This test measures the concentration of a substance called acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody in your blood. AChR antibodies stop the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from doing its job. Acetylcholine carries nerve signals that tell your muscle cells to contract. AChR antibodies are made if you have the ...
Acetaminophen Drug Level
Acetaminophen Drug Level Does this test have other names? Paracetamol or Tylenol drug level What is this test? The acetaminophen drug level is a blood test used to screen for the presence of the common pain reliever acetaminophen. (Tylenol and paracetamol are among several other names for the same medicine.) This over-the-counter (OTC) medicine is used to treat pain and reduce fever. It is safe and works well in the recommended doses. But dosing mistakes are common. Acetaminophen is also often used in i...
A1C Does this test have other names? Hemoglobin A1c; HbA1c; glycosylated hemoglobin; glycohemoglobin; Glycated hemoglobin What is this test? A1C is a blood test used to screen people to find out whether they have diabetes or prediabetes. It's also used in people who know they have diabetes to measure how well they are controlling their blood sugar and to guide their treatment decisions over time. Why do I need this test? You may need this test to check for prediabetes or diabetes. If you already know th...
Atrial Septal Defect Transcatheter Repair
Atrial Septal Defect Transcatheter Repair What is atrial septal defect transcatheter repair? Atrial septal defect (ASD) transcatheter repair is a procedure to fix a hole in the atrial septum. Your child will not need an incision in the chest wall. The two upper chambers of the heart are the left and right atria. The left atrium connects to the left ventricle, which sends oxygenated blood out to the body. The right atrium connects to the right ventricle, which sends blood to the lungs to get oxygen and r...
Anger Management: Strategies for Parents and Grandparents
Anger Management: Strategies for Parents and Grandparents Parenting and grandparenting can be an emotional roller coaster. Although you're filled with love for your kids and grandkids, caring for them can also be scary, frustrating, and sometimes downright infuriating. But no matter how riled up you get, it's important to control your anger around youngsters. The importance of managing anger It never feels good to rage at someone you love, especially a child. And although anger is a completely natural a...
AIDS-Related Lymphoma in Children
AIDS-Related Lymphoma in Children What is AIDS-related lymphoma? AIDS-related lymphoma is a type of cancer called non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It grows in some people with AIDS. AIDS is a disease that weakens the immune system. AIDS raises the risk for long-term (chronic) disease, such as cancer. AIDS-related lymphoma grows in the white blood cells of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system. It helps to fight diseases and infections. The lymphatic system also helps with balancin...
Acquired Hypothyroidism in Children
Acquired Hypothyroidism in Children What is hypothyroidism? Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormone. The condition is more common in adults. But it’s the most common thyroid disorder in children. Not enough thyroid hormone leads to signs such as slow growth, lack of activity, and poor performance in school. In children it’s often referred to as acquired hypothyroidism. What causes hypothyroidism? The most common cause of acquired hypothyroidism is an autoimmune react...
Achalasia in Children
Achalasia in Children What is achalasia in children? Achalasia is a rare disease that makes it hard to swallow foods and liquids. In achalasia, there is a problem with the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus). The muscles that make the esophagus contract and push food down to the stomach don’t work well. The muscle contractions get weak. The LES (lower esophageal sphincter) also doesn’t work well. The LES is the muscle at the bottom of the esophagus, where it joins the stomac...
About Poison Control Centers
About Poison Control Centers Have you ever wondered what to do if your child accidentally swallows medication or if bleach gets splashed in your eyes while cleaning your home? Immediate, lifesaving guidance is just a phone call away at poison control centers. There are facilities dedicated to helping people faced with a poisoning emergency. Children and even adults can easily swallow or inhale potentially poisonous substances or be exposed through the skin or eyes, and immediate action is needed to limi...
Astrocytoma An astrocytoma is a type of brain tumor that develops in astrocytes. These are the star-shaped cells in the brain that hold nerve cells in place. An astrocytoma can be harmless (benign) or cancerous (malignant). Astrocytomas are most common in middle-aged men, but they can occur in children, too. Astrocytomas in children Click to Enlarge In young people, astrocytomas are usually found at the base of the brain, and they are usually low grade, which means they are slow growing. When diagnosed,...
Ankyloglossia What is ankyloglossia? Ankyloglossia, or “tongue-tie,” is a problem with the tongue that is present from birth. It causes speech and eating difficulties in some children. The frenulum of the tongue is a small fold of tissue that reaches from the floor of the mouth to the underside of the tongue. You can easily see it if you look under your tongue in a mirror. Some children have a frenulum that is too short and tight at birth. The frenulum may attach to the tip of the tongue instead of atta...
Aspiration in Babies and Children
Aspiration in Babies and Children What is aspiration in babies and children? Aspiration is when something enters the airway or lungs by accident. It may be food, liquid, or some other material. This can cause serious health problems, such as pneumonia. Aspiration can happen when a person has trouble swallowing normally. This is known as dysphagia. It can also happen if a child has gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This is when the contents of the stomach come back up into the throat. When your chi...
Amniocentesis Podcast Detailed information on amniocentesis, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care. Play Audio
Arm Fracture Open Reduction and Internal Fixation
Arm Fracture Open Reduction and Internal Fixation What is open reduction and internal fixation for an arm fracture? Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a type of surgery used to stabilize and heal a broken bone. You might need this procedure to treat your broken arm. The humerus is the bone in the upper part of your arm. Different kinds of injury can damage this bone, causing it to fracture into two or more pieces. This might happen in the part of the humerus near your shoulder, near the midd...
Atrial Fibrillation Ablation
Atrial Fibrillation Ablation What is ablation for atrial fibrillation? Atrial fibrillation ablation is a procedure to treat atrial fibrillation. It uses small burns or freezes to cause some scarring on the inside of the heart to help break up the electrical signals that cause irregular heartbeats. This can help the heart maintain a normal heart rhythm. The heart has four chambers. There are two upper chambers called atria and two lower chambers called ventricles. Normally, a special group of cells begin...
Atrial Fibrillation Surgery
Atrial Fibrillation Surgery What is a Maze procedure? The Maze procedure is a type of heart surgery to treat atrial fibrillation. The heart has four chambers. There are two upper chambers called atria and two lower chambers called ventricles. Normally, a specialized group of cells called the sinoatrial (SA) node in the upper right chamber of your heart, or the right atrium, provide the signal to start your heartbeat. With atrial fibrillation, the signal to start the heartbeat doesn’t begin in the sinoat...
Arm Care After a Stroke
Arm Care After a Stroke What is arm care after a stroke? Many people who have a stroke are left with problems with one of their arms. Proper arm care after a stroke can help treat these problems with your arm. It can also help prevent new problems from starting. Arm care after a stroke includes techniques such as proper positioning. A stroke happens when part of the brain is deprived of oxygen. This can happen if a blood vessel to the brain gets blocked, or if there is a bleed in your brain. This causes...
Aortic Valve Replacement: Open
Aortic Valve Replacement: Open What is an open aortic valve replacement? An open, invasive aortic valve replacement is a surgery to replace a poorly working aortic valve with an artificial valve. The aortic valve is one of the heart’s four valves. These valves help blood flow through the heart and out to the body. Under certain circumstances, your valve can stop working well. Your health care provider will use an artificial valve to replace your poorly working valve. This will ensure that your blood can...
Ankle Fusion What is ankle fusion? Ankle fusion is a type of surgery to fuse the bones of your ankle into one piece. It’s also known as ankle arthrodesis. The surgery is done to treat arthritis in the ankle. The ankle joint is also called the tibiotalar joint. It’s where the shinbone (tibia) rests on top of a bone of the foot called the talus. The ankle also includes the subtalar joint. This is where two foot bones called the talus and the calcaneus meet. Arthritis can affect these two joints in the foo...
Ankle Replacement Surgery
Ankle Replacement Surgery What is ankle replacement surgery? Ankle replacement surgery is the replacement of a damaged ankle joint with an artificial implant. The ankle joint (tibiotalar joint) is where your shinbone (tibia) rests on top of a bone of your foot, the talus. Arthritis can affect this joint as well as other joints in the foot. Over time, the smooth cartilage on the surface of the bones wears away. This can result in pain, inflammation, and swelling of your joint. Ankle replacement surgery i...
Anomalous Coronary Artery Intervention
Anomalous Coronary Artery Intervention What is anomalous coronary artery intervention? Anomalous coronary artery intervention is a type of procedure to correct a problem coronary artery. An anomalous coronary artery has an abnormal shape. This can cause it to be blocked. During the procedure, the blocked part of the artery is opened up. The heart pumps blood to the body and lungs. But it also needs its own supply of blood to keep it alive. The coronary arteries send blood to the heart muscle. These arte...
Aortic Valve Replacement: Minimally Invasive
Aortic Valve Replacement: Minimally Invasive What is minimally invasive aortic valve replacement? A minimally invasive aortic valve replacement is a surgery to replace a badly working aortic valve with an artificial valve. The aortic valve is one of the heart’s four valves. The valves help blood flow through the heart’s four chambers and out to your body normally. The surgery is called “minimally invasive” because it uses a smaller incision than a traditional open repair. This may lead to easier and fas...
Achilles Tendon Repair Surgery
Achilles Tendon Repair Surgery What is Achilles tendon repair surgery? Achilles tendon repair surgery is a type of surgery to fix a damaged Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon is a strong, fibrous cord in the lower leg. It connects the muscles of your calf to your heel. It’s the largest tendon in your body. It helps you walk, run, and jump. In some cases, the Achilles tendon can tear, or rupture. This is usually due to a sudden, strong force. It can happen during tough physical activity. It can happen ...
Alcohol Septal Ablation
Alcohol Septal Ablation What is alcohol septal ablation? Alcohol septal ablation is a minimally invasive procedure for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a condition in which your heart muscle is abnormally thick. You inherit this condition. The purpose of the procedure is to decrease your symptoms and to reduce future complications. Your left and right ventricles are the two lower chambers of your heart. A muscular wall called the septum separates these two ventricles. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the wal...
Ankle Brachial Index Test
Ankle Brachial Index Test What is an ankle brachial index test? The ankle brachial index, or ABI, is a simple test that compares the blood pressure in the upper and lower limbs. Health care providers calculate ABI by dividing the blood pressure in an artery of the ankle by the blood pressure in an artery of the arm. The result is the ABI. If this ratio is less than 0.9, it may mean that a person has peripheral artery disease (PAD) in the blood vessels in his or her legs. In PAD, plaque builds up in the ...
Ankle Fracture Open Reduction and Internal Fixation
Ankle Fracture Open Reduction and Internal Fixation What is ankle fracture open reduction and internal fixation? Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a type of surgery used to stabilize and heal a broken bone. You might need this procedure to treat your broken ankle. Three bones make up the ankle joint. These are the tibia (shinbone), the fibula (the smaller bone in your leg), and the talus (a bone in your foot). Different kinds of injury can damage the lower tibia, lower fibula, or talus. Onl...
Find A Doctor
A to Z LIST
I Need a Specialist In
Colon and Rectal Surgery
Critical Care Medicine
Critical Care Medicine
Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Maternal and Fetal Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Pathology-Anatomic and Clinical
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine
A to Z LIST
Search Health Library
Browse Health Library
Healthy Woman Events
Events and Classes
1401 Medical Parkway
Cedar Park, TX 78613
More Helpful Tools
Online Bill Pay
Online Bill Pay
Patients & Caregivers
Patients & Caregivers
Campus and Amenities
Hospital Fact Sheet
Events and Classes
Billing and Insurance
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Media and Vendors
Marketing and PR contact
1401 Medical Parkway, Cedar Park, TX 78613
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.
1401 Medical Parkway, Cedar Park, TX 78613
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.