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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Blood Pressure Swings Linked to Faster Decline in Mental Skills
Blood Pressure Swings Linked to Faster Decline in Mental Skills MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fluctuations in blood pressure may be linked to faster declines in thinking skills among seniors, a new study suggests. Among older patients, those whose systolic blood pressure -- the top number in a blood pressure reading -- varied between doctor's visits showed more rapid mental deterioration and loss of verbal memory than those whose blood pressure stayed within normal ranges, researchers found. ...
Booze, High Blood Pressure a Dangerous Mix
Booze, High Blood Pressure a Dangerous Mix FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Even an ounce of alcohol a day might alter heart function if you have high blood pressure, researchers report. For someone with high blood pressure, drinking -- even in small amounts -- can impair functioning of the lower left chamber of the heart, which pumps blood to the rest of the body, according to a new study from Italy. "Because even moderate alcohol consumption increases occurrence of early functional cardiac cha...
Baby's Immune System Might Hint at Autism Risk
Baby's Immune System Might Hint at Autism Risk WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While the origins of autism remain mysterious, new research points to the infant immune system as a potential contributing factor. A team of Swedish and American researchers said levels of certain protein "markers" in newborns' blood seemed to predict which children would go on to develop an autism spectrum disorder. This is "important evidence that the immune system in early life may be a key determinant of later...
Blood Pressure Patterns May Predict Stroke Risk
Blood Pressure Patterns May Predict Stroke Risk MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Instead of relying on individual blood pressure readings, doctors should review the overall pattern to predict a patient's risk of stroke or early death, new research suggests. "Our study suggests that looking at someone's blood pressure over time and whether it increases slowly or steeply may provide additional information above only the level of blood pressure at a certain time," said researcher Dr. Marileen Porteg...
Babies Not Natural Mimics
Babies Not Natural Mimics FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Babies aren't born with the ability to imitate, according to a new study that challenges previous research and beliefs. Many studies have suggested that infants naturally imitate facial expressions, hand gestures and vocal sounds in their first weeks of life, the researchers said. But they tested 106 infants at 1, 2, 6 and 9 weeks of age, and found that the babies did not imitate any actions and gestures of adults. The results suggest tha...
Bacteria Experiment May Point Way to Slow Zika's Spread
Bacteria Experiment May Point Way to Slow Zika's Spread WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Experiments in mosquitoes suggest that bacteria may help curb the spread of the Zika virus. The researchers got the idea after a pilot program to reduce the transmission of dengue fever showed promise. In the dengue program, Wolbachia bacteria were inserted into the eggs of Aedes mosquitoes. The bacteria were passed from female mosquitoes to their offspring, which significantly reduced dengue virus replica...
Bullying Can Turn Victims Into Bullies
Bullying Can Turn Victims Into Bullies SATURDAY, April 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of face-to-face taunting and cyberbullying may greatly increase the risk that victims will become bullies themselves, a new study suggests. "Students who are victimized are more likely to exhibit aggressive behaviors towards others," said study principal investigator Alexandra Hua, from Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York. "This phenomenon may lead to a vicious cycle whereby bullies create bullies o...
Building Muscle Could Boost the Body's Most Important Muscle
Building Muscle Could Boost the Body's Most Important Muscle THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Having more muscle and less fat reduces the risk of early death in people with heart disease, a new study suggests. Doctors should encourage patients to do resistance exercises as part of a healthy lifestyle, rather than emphasizing and monitoring weight loss, the study authors advised. For the study, Dr. Preethi Srikanthan of the University of California, Los Angeles, and colleagues analyzed data g...
Births of Triplets, Quadruplets on Decline in U.S.: Report
Births of Triplets, Quadruplets on Decline in U.S.: Report THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Since 1998, births of three or more babies at once have fallen by more than 40 percent in the United States, new government statistics reveal. Moreover, declines of 50 percent or more were seen in certain states, and among women aged 25 and older, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The falloff appears to be c...
Babies Fed Rice-Based Cereals Have Higher Arsenic Levels, Study Finds
Babies Fed Rice-Based Cereals Have Higher Arsenic Levels, Study Finds MONDAY, April 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Parents commonly give rice to their babies as a first food. Now, researchers say infants fed rice-based foods may have significantly higher "inorganic" arsenic concentrations in their urine than babies who never eat rice. The highest arsenic concentrations were found in infants who frequently ate baby rice cereal, with levels more than three times that of babies who didn't eat rice, the study...
Bed Bugs Drawn to Red and Black Colors
Bed Bugs Drawn to Red and Black Colors MONDAY, April 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Bed bugs have favorite colors, new research has discovered. In a series of experiments, researchers noted that the little blood suckers strongly preferred red and black and avoided green and yellow. Does that mean it's time to redecorate your bedroom in colors these pests don't like? It's probably too soon for that, study co-author Corraine McNeill, from Union College in Lincoln, Nebraska, said in a news release from the E...
Businesses Should Be Mindful of Zika Danger to Workers, CDC Says
Businesses Should Be Mindful of Zika Danger to Workers, CDC Says FRIDAY, April 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Summer, mosquito season and the threat of Zika virus transmission is approaching, and federal health experts on Friday issued guidelines to help protect American workers from infection. Infection during pregnancy with the mosquito-borne virus is known to cause a devastating birth defect known as microcephaly (abnormally small heads) in babies. It's also thought that a man can transmit the Zika vir...
Breast Cancer Meds Won't Raise Chances of Heart Attack, Stroke, Study Suggests
Breast Cancer Meds Won't Raise Chances of Heart Attack, Stroke, Study Suggests THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with estrogen-lowering drugs called aromatase inhibitors doesn't raise the risk of heart attacks and strokes among breast cancer survivors, a new study suggests. However, the researchers did find that women who took the drugs had a slightly higher risk of less serious heart problems, such as an abnormal heart beat or swelling and irritation of the membrane surrounding the...
Breast Cancer Gene Might Lower Women's Fertility: Study
Breast Cancer Gene Might Lower Women's Fertility: Study WEDNESDAY, April 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A gene mutation that is linked to a greater risk of breast cancer may also be tied to potential fertility problems, researchers report. The BRCA1 gene mutation, which raises the risk of breast cancer by 80 percent, may be linked to having fewer eggs in the ovaries as a woman ages, the Australian investigators said. But a cause-and-effect relationship was not proven. "Although BRCA1 is thought of as a ca...
Botox Can Be Used for Chronic Migraine, Experts Say
Botox Can Be Used for Chronic Migraine, Experts Say MONDAY, April 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Botox is a safe and effective treatment for chronic migraine and three other neurological disorders, an updated guideline from the American Academy of Neurology says. Long used to smooth wrinkles, botulinum toxin is made by a type of bacteria. The toxin blocks the release of substances at nerve endings, reducing muscle contraction and the transmission of pain signals, the researchers explained. The authors of ...
Better Sleep May Boost Young Students' Grades
Better Sleep May Boost Young Students' Grades FRIDAY, April 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Improving elementary school students' sleep habits might give their grades a boost, new research suggests. The study included 74 children in Montreal, aged 7 to 11, who were enrolled in a six-week school program to improve their sleep habits. An average increase of about 18 minutes of sleep each night led to significant improvements in report card grades, especially in English and math, according to the study publish...
Bedbugs Widespread in Low-Income Housing, Study Finds
Bedbugs Widespread in Low-Income Housing, Study Finds TUESDAY, April 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Bedbug infestations are common in low-income apartments, and residents are often unaware of the problem, researchers report. In the study of nearly 2,400 individual low-income apartments in New Jersey, more than one in 10 were found to have bedbugs. And buildings with high tenant turnover had more infestations, researchers said. This type of research is vital for controlling bedbug infestations because it "c...
Booze-Branded Merchandise May Spur Teen Drinking
Booze-Branded Merchandise May Spur Teen Drinking FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who own caps, shirts, and other merchandise displaying alcohol logos are more likely to drink, a new study finds. Australian researchers reviewed results from 13 studies looking at alcohol-branded merchandise and teen alcohol use. The research included more than 26,000 kids and teens, mostly from the United States. Four studies looked specifically at young people who hadn't started drinking alcohol. Those wh...
Beans, Chickpeas May Help With Weight Loss: Study
Beans, Chickpeas May Help With Weight Loss: Study WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Beans, chickpeas, peas, lentils: Humble foods that may pack a punch for weight loss, Canadian researchers report. A new analysis of data from 21 clinical trials on these foods -- collectively known as "pulses" -- finds that they can help dieters feel full, and shed unwanted pounds. "Though the weight loss was small, our findings suggest that simply including pulses in your diet may help you lose weight, and w...
Breakfast in School Classrooms Expands Participation, Not Waistlines
Breakfast in School Classrooms Expands Participation, Not Waistlines WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of New York City kids eating free breakfasts in public school classrooms is growing, but the obesity rates are not, a new study finds. New York City has served free breakfasts to all students since 2003, and began serving them in the classroom in 2007. Nearly 400 of the city's 1,800 schools now offer classroom breakfast, serving more than 30,000 meals every morning. Eighty percen...
Brain Scans Give Clues to Stress-Heart Attack Link
Brain Scans Give Clues to Stress-Heart Attack Link THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new brain study might help explain why a high level of stress is linked to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. Increased activity in the amygdala -- the fear center of the brain -- appears to create an immune system reaction that increases inflammation in the arteries, researchers plan to report at the upcoming American College of Cardiology meeting in Chicago. Such arterial inflammation is a prec...
Birth Control Pills Linked to Fewer Severe Knee Injuries in Teen Girls
Birth Control Pills Linked to Fewer Severe Knee Injuries in Teen Girls WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Teen girls who take birth control pills may be less likely to seriously injure their knees than those who don't take the pill, a new study suggests. "Young athletes currently use birth control pills for various reasons, including more predictable cycles and lighter periods," said study author Aaron Gray, an M.D./Ph.D. student at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. "Injury...
Blooming Trees Can Bring Misery to Allergy Sufferers
Blooming Trees Can Bring Misery to Allergy Sufferers SUNDAY, March 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Tree pollen season has arrived, but there are a number of ways allergy sufferers can prevent or control their symptoms, an expert says. Mid-February is when blooming trees begin to flower. By the time the blossoms have fallen in April, grass pollen season is well underway. This is followed by mid-summer and fall allergens, such as ragweed, according to Dr. Jeffrey Culp. He is an assistant professor of medicin...
Black Heart Attack Victims More Likely to Have Ambulance Diverted
Black Heart Attack Victims More Likely to Have Ambulance Diverted MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Black heart attack patients are more likely than whites to have their ambulance diverted to another hospital due to overcrowding in the closest emergency department, a new study shows. The researchers also found that long diversions reduced black patients' chances of receiving specialized heart care and increased their risk of death within a year. The study looked at 2001-11 Medicare data. The re...
Black Smokers Less Likely to Get Lung Cancer Screening
Black Smokers Less Likely to Get Lung Cancer Screening FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Differences in smoking habits between black and white Americans may lead to lower lung cancer screening rates for blacks, new research suggests. Researchers reviewed federal government data from 1965 to 2012. They found that blacks are less likely than whites to start smoking in their late teens, but also less likely to quit as they get older. The study also found that black smokers use fewer cigarettes a d...
Breathalyzer-Locked Car Ignitions Are Saving Lives, Study Says
Breathalyzer-Locked Car Ignitions Are Saving Lives, Study Says THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ignition devices that prevent driving after drinking significantly reduce alcohol-related crash deaths, a new study finds. Essentially in-car breathalyzers, the "ignition interlocks" led to a 15 percent decline in alcohol-related deaths in 18 states that required them for anyone convicted of drunken driving, the researchers found. The estimated 915 lives saved from 2007 to 2013 is comparable to th...
Biking or Walking to Work Helps Keep You Fit
Biking or Walking to Work Helps Keep You Fit THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Walking, cycling or taking public transit to work helps middle-aged adults lose body fat and weight, new research suggests. "Physical inactivity is one of the leading causes of ill health and premature mortality," said study author Ellen Flint. She's a lecturer in population health at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in England. "In England, two-thirds of adults do not meet recommended levels of...
Blacks More Likely to Have Kidney Failure Than Whites: Study
Blacks More Likely to Have Kidney Failure Than Whites: Study THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Black Americans are at greater risk for kidney failure than whites, but this racial difference is not explained by the fact that blacks are more likely to have gene variants associated with kidney disease, a new study shows. The findings suggest that widespread screening for these gene variants in blacks is not yet justified, the researchers said. These variants occur in a gene called apolipoprotein...
Be Wary of Imported Supplements: FDA
Be Wary of Imported Supplements: FDA WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- You could be putting your health at risk if you buy imported dietary supplements and nonprescription drug products, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns. Health fraud scammers often sell such products at ethnic or international stores, flea markets, swap meets or online, Cariny Nunez, a public health adviser in the FDA's Office of Minority Health, said in an agency news release. This may be because many people who s...
Brain Bleed Risk From Warfarin May Be Higher Than Thought
Brain Bleed Risk From Warfarin May Be Higher Than Thought WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The widely used blood thinner warfarin -- also known as Coumadin -- may raise the risk of severe bleeding inside the skull by much more than previously thought, a new study suggests. Researchers examined data from nearly 32,000 U.S. veterans, aged 75 and older, with a common heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation. The investigators found that almost one in three suffered an "intracranial" ble...
Body Fat May Be Bigger Health Danger Than Body Size
Body Fat May Be Bigger Health Danger Than Body Size MONDAY, March 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People who have more body fat -- regardless of their size - may have a higher risk of dying early than people whose bodies have less fat, new research suggests. In contrast, having a high body-mass index (BMI) -- a measure of weight in relation to height, often used to gauge obesity -- was not associated with early death in the study. The investigators said the findings support the idea that BMI is a fairly cru...
Black Women's Hair Styling Choices Can Cause Hair Loss
Black Women's Hair Styling Choices Can Cause Hair Loss FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hair styling practices may be causing black women to experience hair loss, which is a major problem that often goes undiagnosed, a new survey finds. While genetics may play a key role in hair loss among black women, styling practices such as braiding, weaves and chemical relaxing may also increase their risk of hair loss, said dermatologist Dr. Yolanda Lenzy, a clinical associate professor at the University ...
Brain Cancers Both Common and Deadly Among Teens, Young Adults: Report
Brain Cancers Both Common and Deadly Among Teens, Young Adults: Report WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Brain cancers are the most common cause of cancer deaths among teens and young adults, but the types of cancers that strike can vary widely as people age, a new report shows. "For these individuals -- who are finishing school, pursuing their careers and starting and raising young families -- a brain tumor diagnosis is especially cruel and disruptive," said Elizabeth Wilson, president and C...
Botox-Like Injection Might Ease Runners' Knee Pain
Botox-Like Injection Might Ease Runners' Knee Pain MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A Botox-like injection, added to physical therapy, may relieve a type of knee pain that's common in runners, cyclists and other active people, a new study suggests. The condition -- called lateral patellofemoral overload syndrome (LPOS) -- affects more than one in eight people who regularly exercise, the British research team explained. The condition causes pain in the front and side of the knee joint, and heali...
Briviact Approved for Epileptic Seizures
Briviact Approved for Epileptic Seizures FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Briviact (brivaracetam) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat partial onset seizures in people aged 16 and older with epilepsy. Partial onset seizures describe those that originate in a limited area of the brain, the FDA said Friday in a news release. Epilepsy, a common disorder believed to affect more than 5 million people in the United States, is characterized by recurring seizures, with ty...
Birth Defect Tied to Zika Virus Can Leave Children With Lifetime of Health Woes
Birth Defect Tied to Zika Virus Can Leave Children With Lifetime of Health Woes TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The thousands of babies born in Brazil with abnormally small heads and brains -- believed to be caused by infection in the womb with the Zika virus -- typically face a lifetime of health challenges, doctors say. But not all are destined to a life of medical woes. The Brazilian babies -- who may number more than 4,000 -- have the condition known as microcephaly. And in 85 percent to 9...
Brain Cells in Mice May Reveal Clues to Your Sighs
Brain Cells in Mice May Reveal Clues to Your Sighs MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists working with mice say that they've pinpointed brain cells that control sighing. In lab experiments, the researchers found that two tiny clusters of neurons in the brain stem trigger sighs. "Sighing appears to be regulated by the fewest number of neurons we have seen linked to a fundamental human behavior," said study researcher Jack Feldman, a professor of neurobiology at the University of California, ...
Bear Belly Might Hold Clues to Obesity in Humans
Bear Belly Might Hold Clues to Obesity in Humans THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in their gut microbes help bears prepare for hibernation, according to laboratory research that may hold clues for combating obesity in people. As they prepare to hunker down for the winter, bears eat as much as possible, to boost their body fat. Despite the rapid weight gain, they don't suffer the health problems associated with obesity in people, Swedish researchers noted. The team analyzed fecal sample...
Brain Wiring Changes Might Help Guard Against Bipolar Disorder
Brain Wiring Changes Might Help Guard Against Bipolar Disorder TUESDAY, Jan. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Naturally occurring brain wiring changes might help prevent bipolar disorder in people who have a high genetic risk for the mental illness, a new study suggests. The discovery about these brain wiring changes could help efforts to develop better treatments for the disorder, according to Mount Sinai Hospital researchers in New York City. People with bipolar disorder experience severe swings in mood, e...
Breast Ultrasound, Mammography May Be Equally Effective: Study
Breast Ultrasound, Mammography May Be Equally Effective: Study MONDAY, Dec. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasound and mammography appear equally likely to detect breast cancer, a new study says. The finding is good news, particularly for women who live in developing countries that typically have more access to ultrasound than to mammography, the researchers said. While the detection rate with ultrasound was comparable to that of mammography, "it looks like ultrasound does better than mammography for n...
Being 'Fat But Fit' Won't Cut Your Risk of Premature Death
Being 'Fat But Fit' Won't Cut Your Risk of Premature Death MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research seems to contradict the idea that people might escape the health hazards associated with obesity if they're "fat but fit." The new study suggests that the health benefits of physical fitness are offset by obesity. No matter their fitness level, normal-weight men had a lower risk of dying during the study than did the most physically fit obese men, the researchers said. Still, it's important ...
Bridion Approved to Reverse Effects of Surgical Drugs
Bridion Approved to Reverse Effects of Surgical Drugs TUESDAY, Dec. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Bridion (sugammadex) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reverse the effects of medications that are used to paralyze the vocal chords during certain surgical procedures. Rocuronium bromide and vecuronium bromide are prescribed when surgeons use an artificial airway or breathing tube, a process called tracheal intubation, the FDA said Tuesday in a news release. These so-called "neur...
Bodily Changes Don't Always Signal 'Precocious' Puberty in Kids
Bodily Changes Don't Always Signal 'Precocious' Puberty in Kids MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Children who develop certain signs of puberty at an early age are commonly referred to specialists for an evaluation. But most of the time it's nothing to worry about, says a new report from a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. It's not uncommon for young children to show certain traits associated with puberty, including some pubic hair, underarm hair and the beginnings of breast development, said...
Brain Gains for Older Adults Who Start Exercising
Brain Gains for Older Adults Who Start Exercising MONDAY, Nov. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Beginning an exercise program may help protect older adults' brains or even reverse early mental decline, a small study suggests. Researchers placed 34 inactive people, aged 61 to 88, on an exercise regimen. It included moderate-intensity walking on a treadmill four times a week for 12 weeks. On average, heart/lung health improved about 8 percent over that time, the researchers found. Brain scans also showed an i...
Bullies May Face Higher Odds of Eating Disorders: Study
Bullies May Face Higher Odds of Eating Disorders: Study FRIDAY, Nov. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Bullies may be at increased risk for eating disorders, a new study suggests. Previous research has found that victims of bullying are more likely to have these disorders, but the finding that bullies are also at risk came as a surprise, the researchers said. "For a long time, there's been this story about bullies that they're a little more hale and hearty," study author William Copeland, an associate profes...
Buckle Up in the Backseat, Experts Advise
Buckle Up in the Backseat, Experts Advise FRIDAY, Nov. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As you head home from Thanksgiving get-togethers, stay safe by buckling up, even when you're riding in the backseat. Hundreds of Americans die in car crashes every year because they don't use seat belts while riding in the rear seats of vehicles, a new report shows. In 2013, there were almost 900 deaths among people aged 8 and older who didn't use seat belts while riding in rear seats. More than 400 of those people might...
Ban Crib Bumpers Because of Rising Deaths, Researchers Say
Ban Crib Bumpers Because of Rising Deaths, Researchers Say TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Infant deaths linked to crib bumpers have spiked in recent years in the United States, leading researchers to urge a ban on the padded bedding accessories. Bumper-related crib deaths tripled from 2006 to 2012, compared with other seven-year stretches over the last quarter century, the study found. "The risk for suffocation is real. The benefits are not," said Dr. Bradley Thach, a professor emeritus of p...
Breast-Feeding May Cut Risk of Type 2 Diabetes for Some Women
Breast-Feeding May Cut Risk of Type 2 Diabetes for Some Women MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests another potential benefit for moms who breast-feed -- a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The study found that breast-feeding for more than two months was linked to around a 50 percent reduction in the odds of developing type 2 diabetes for mothers who had already experienced gestational diabetes in the past. And the longer women breast-fed, the lower the odds of type 2 d...
Brain Differences May Explain Why Some With Schizophrenia Hallucinate
Brain Differences May Explain Why Some With Schizophrenia Hallucinate TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers believe they've identified brain structure differences that increase the risk of hallucinations in people with schizophrenia. "Hallucinations are very complex phenomena that are a hallmark of mental illness and, in different forms, are also quite common across the general population," said study first author Jane Garrison, from the University of Cambridge in England. "There is lik...
Breast-Feeding Linked to Reduced Risk of Preemie Eye Problem
Breast-Feeding Linked to Reduced Risk of Preemie Eye Problem MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Breast-feeding a premature infant may help reduce the risk of a serious eye problem known as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), new research suggests. The researchers said that when babies were exclusively fed breast milk, the risk of any-stage ROP appeared to drop by about 75 percent. And the risk of severe ROP seemed to be reduced by 90 percent, the researchers added. "Human milk feeding potentially p...
Brain Scans May Reveal Which Coma Patients Will Recover
Brain Scans May Reveal Which Coma Patients Will Recover WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Brain scans may help identify coma patients who are most likely to regain consciousness, a new French study suggests. The research included 27 coma patients with severe brain injuries and 14 healthy people of the same age. All of the participants underwent functional MRI scans to assess the connections between areas of the brain involved in regulating consciousness. The coma patients underwent brain scan...
Bystander CPR Helps Some Kids Survive Cardiac Arrest
Bystander CPR Helps Some Kids Survive Cardiac Arrest TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More American children who suffer cardiac arrest at home or in public places are getting CPR from bystanders, a new study finds. Kids who receive bystander CPR have better survival rates, the researchers said. But, the study didn't find an impact on infant survival rates. "This lack of impact on infants suggests the need for a public health strategy to improve the use of bystander CPR," study lead author Dr. ...
Barbecued, Pan-Fried Meat May Boost Kidney Cancer Risk
Barbecued, Pan-Fried Meat May Boost Kidney Cancer Risk MONDAY, Nov. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cooking meats at high temperatures, as in barbecuing or pan-frying, may increase the risk for kidney cancer, a new study suggests. The World Health Organization warned last month that processed meats -- including bacon, hot dogs and sausages -- can cause colon cancer. Red meats were also associated with higher risk. The new study looked specifically at kidney cancer, which is increasing in the United States a...
Breast-Feeding May Not Help Prevent Allergies in Kids, Study Claims
Breast-Feeding May Not Help Prevent Allergies in Kids, Study Claims THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Breast-fed children are just as likely to develop allergies as children who were formula-fed, preliminary new research suggests. But the study, which analyzed medical records from nearly 200 children aged 4 through 18, compared those who were "ever" breast-fed -- regardless of duration -- with those who had consumed only formula. The results conflict with conventional wisdom indicating that bre...
Better Sex Life May Be a Weight-Loss Surgery Bonus
Better Sex Life May Be a Weight-Loss Surgery Bonus WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Following weight-loss surgery, activity in the bedroom may pick up as the pounds fall away, a new study finds. The research suggests the effect may be long-term, and similar for both men and women. "Improvements in sex life are an additional benefit that goes beyond weight loss," said Dr. John Morton, president of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS). He was not involved in the new ...
Beware Safety Risks Posed by 'Off-Label' Drug Use
Beware Safety Risks Posed by 'Off-Label' Drug Use MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- "Off-label" drug use puts patients at risk for serious side effects, especially when scientific evidence is lacking, a new study finds. Physicians prescribe "off-label" when they recommend drugs for uses that have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. It's a common and legal practice. It's also hard to track, because U.S. doctors aren't required to document the reason for prescribing a treatm...
Better Diets May Be Extending Americans' Lives
Better Diets May Be Extending Americans' Lives MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the stereotype that Americans are eating more unhealthful foods that leave them vulnerable to assorted diseases, a new study suggests the opposite may be true. Harvard researchers report that they found evidence that better diets since 1999 have saved more than one million people from dying prematurely. They also believe improved diets have significantly cut diabetes and heart disease, and even slightly trimm...
Big Brain Doesn't Mean Big Smarts
Big Brain Doesn't Mean Big Smarts FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Having a big brain doesn't guarantee you'll have an outsized IQ, a new analysis indicates. Researchers who examined 148 studies that included more than 8,000 people found only a weak association between brain size and IQ. "The presently observed association means that brain volume plays only a minor role in explaining IQ test performance in humans. Although a certain association is observable, brain volume appears to be of only ...
Brain Inflammation May Be Linked to Schizophrenia
Brain Inflammation May Be Linked to Schizophrenia FRIDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've found a link between brain inflammation and schizophrenia. British investigators used PET scans to assess immune cell activity in the brains of 56 people. Some had schizophrenia, some were at risk for the mental disorder, and others had no symptoms or risk of the disease. The results showed that immune cells are more active in the brains of people with schizophrenia and those at risk for t...
Bike Helmets Protect Against Severe Brain Injury, Study Says
Bike Helmets Protect Against Severe Brain Injury, Study Says THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Wearing a bicycle helmet significantly reduces the risk of serious brain injury and death from a crash, a new study shows. Researchers analyzed the medical records of more than 6,200 people who suffered a traumatic brain injury in a cycling crash. Of those patients, just over one-quarter were wearing helmets. Compared to those without a helmet, patients with a helmet were 58 percent less likely to hav...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.