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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Boston's Subways Packed With Germs
Boston's Subways Packed With Germs TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Boston's subway system is swarming with microbes, and while that might send a shiver down your spine, the study's authors said that most of these bugs are harmless and won't make you sick. Researchers collected and studied 100 samples from all over the subway system. Samples were taken from the hanging grips; horizontal and vertical poles; seats; seat backs; walls of subway cars; and the touch-screens and sides of ticketing ma...
Basketball Legend Pat Summitt's Death Points to Ravages of Early Alzheimer's
Basketball Legend Pat Summitt's Death Points to Ravages of Early Alzheimer's TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Legendary coach Pat Summitt stared down myriad challenges as she thrust women's college basketball onto the world stage. But her greatest foe wasn't on the court -- it was Alzheimer's disease. Summitt died Tuesday at age 64, after a remarkable coaching record, winning eight NCAA titles and nearly 1,100 games with the University of Tennessee Lady Vols. The diagnosis of Alzheimer's befor...
Blood Pressure Problems During Pregnancy, Heart Trouble Later?
Blood Pressure Problems During Pregnancy, Heart Trouble Later? MONDAY, June 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who have blood pressure in the high-normal range may have an increased risk for metabolic syndrome after they give birth, a new study indicates. Metabolic syndrome -- which increases the risk of heart disease -- is defined as having three or more of the following conditions: abdominal obesity; high triglyceride levels; low levels of "good" HDL cholesterol; high blood pressure (hyperten...
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Blood Urea Nitrogen Does this test have other names? Urea nitrogen, BUN, serum BUN What is this test? A blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test measures the amount of urea nitrogen found in your blood. BUN levels help your healthcare provider see how well your kidneys are working. The test may be used along with other measurements to help diagnose a kidney disorder or find out how well your treatment for kidney disease is working. Why do I need this test? If your healthcare provider suspects that you have kidney...
Brucella Antibody (CSF)
Brucella Antibody (CSF) Does this test have other names? CSF agglutination test What is this test? This test looks at fluid from your spinal cord to find out if you have an illness called brucellosis. Brucellosis is an infectious disease usually caused by handling animals or milk products infected with the brucella bacteria. If you have brucellosis, your body will make certain antibodies when it tries to fight these germs. Brucella antibodies can usually be found in your blood, liver, spleen, lymph node...
Brucella Antibody Does this test have other names? Brucella agglutination titer, Brucella antibody titer, Brucella-specific agglutination, Brucella microagglutination test, BMAT, standard tube agglutination test What is this test? This is a blood test for brucellosis. Brucellosis is an infectious disease usually caused by handling animals or milk products infected with the brucella bacteria. If you have brucellosis, your body will make certain antibodies to fight the brucella bacteria. This test looks f...
BRCA Does this test have other names? BRCA gene 1, BRCA gene 2, breast cancer susceptibility gene 1, breast cancer susceptibility gene 2 What is this test? This blood test checks for mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Mutations in these genes can raise the risk for certain cancers, especially breast cancer (in both men and women) and ovarian cancer in women. In both men and women, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations raise the risk for other types of cancers. The BRCA genes are the most common cause of gene-r...
Borrelia Antibody (CSF)
Borrelia Antibody (CSF) Does this test have other names? Lyme disease test (CSF) What is this test? This test looks for Borrelia antibodies in your cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria cause Lyme disease. The bacteria are spread to humans through the bite of an infected tick. If not treated, Lyme disease can cause meningitis, or an infection of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord. It can also cause liver and heart problems; facial palsy, or the inability to control facial ...
Borrelia Antibody (Blood)
Borrelia Antibody (Blood) Does this test have other names? Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies test, IgM/IgG test, Lyme disease test What is this test? This test measures the level of Borrelia antibodies in your blood. Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria cause Lyme disease. The bacteria are spread to humans through the bite of an infected tick. If not treated, Lyme disease can cause meningitis, or an infection of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord. It can also cause liver and heart problems; facial pa...
Bordetella Pertussis Antibody (Blood)
Bordetella Pertussis Antibody (Blood) Does this test have other names? Whooping cough antibody test What is this test? This test checks for Bordetella pertussis antibodies in your blood. B. pertussis are the bacteria that cause pertussis, or whooping cough. Whooping cough is a highly contagious childhood infection that can also affect adults. It can be quite serious and sometimes deadly, especially in children younger than 12 months. Its hallmark symptom is a cough that may last 1 to 6 weeks, or possibl...
Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy
Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy Does this test have other names? Bone marrow exam What is this test? This is a two-part test that looks at the blood cells in a sample of bone marrow, the spongy tissue within certain bones. This test may help your healthcare provider diagnose or monitor a blood disease or health condition affecting your marrow. Your bone marrow has a liquid part and a solid part. Aspiration uses a needle to remove a sample of the liquid part of bone marrow. Biopsy uses a larger needle ...
BNP (Blood) Does this test have other names? B-type natriuretic peptide What is this test? This test looks for the hormone BNP in your blood. BNP stands for brain natriuretic peptide. It is made inside the pumping chambers of your heart when pressure builds up from heart failure. The test is an important tool for healthcare providers to diagnose heart failure quickly. Heart failure occurs when your heart is not pumping blood well. This causes cells inside your heart to release BNP. This opens up blood v...
Blood Type and Crossmatch
Blood Type and Crossmatch Does this test have other names? Blood typing, crossmatching What is this test? This is a set of tests that looks for harmful interactions between your blood and donor blood. The tests are done before a blood transfusion. Blood typing is the first step. This test finds out whether you have blood type A, AB, B, or O. Your blood is also tested to find out whether your Rh type is negative or positive. It's important for your healthcare provider to know your blood type in order to ...
Blood Smear Does this test have other names? Peripheral blood smear, blood smear analysis, peripheral blood film, smear What is this test? This is a blood test to look at the number and shape of your red and white blood cells and platelets to see whether they are normal. A blood smear can also detect parasites in your blood. Although it's more common to have your blood analyzed by computer, blood smears are still routinely done to rule out or identify certain diseases. Unlike the analysis done by machin...
Blood Culture Does this test have other names? Blood culture and sensitivity test, blood C&S What is this test? This blood test finds out whether you have a systemic infection. This is an infection that affects your whole body, not just one part. A sample of blood is studied in a lab to check for bacteria or a type of fungus called yeast. Why do I need this test? Your healthcare provider may do a blood culture and sensitivity test if you have symptoms of a systemic infection. These include: Chills F...
Bicarbonate Does this test have other names? Carbon dioxide test, CO2 test What is this test? This test measures the amount of bicarbonate, a form of carbon dioxide, in your blood. Bicarbonate, also known as HCO3, is a byproduct of your body's metabolism. Your blood brings bicarbonate to your lungs, and then it is exhaled as carbon dioxide. Your kidneys also help regulate bicarbonate. Bicarbonate is excreted and reabsorbed by your kidneys. This regulates your body's pH, or acid balance. Bicarbonate also...
Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Throat)
Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Throat) Does this test have other names? Strep test, throat culture, Streptococcal screen What is this test? This test looks for the bacteria that cause strep throat. This condition causes a severe sore throat and makes it painful to swallow. It's important to detect and treat strep throat as soon as possible because it can progress to more serious illnesses, such as rheumatic fever. The bacteria most likely to cause strep throat and bacterial sore throats in genera...
Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Genital, Urine)
Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Genital, Urine) Does this test have other names? Group B strep screen What is this test? This test looks for group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria in a culture sample either from your urine or from secretions in your vagina and rectum. GBS bacteria can cause severe illness in pregnant women and newborns. The bacteria are called hemolytic because they can break down red blood cells. A GBS infection makes it more likely that you will deliver preterm. Your amniotic flui...
Benzodiazepines (Urine) Does this test have other names? Toxic urine screen, urine toxicology screen What is this test? This is a urine test to screen for a class of medicines called benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines are central nervous system depressants. They are used to sedate patients, help them sleep, prevent seizures, ease anxiety, and relax muscle spasms. These medicines are often informally called tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and muscle relaxants. Variations in the molecules of different benzod...
Benzodiazepines (Blood) Does this test have other names? Benzodiazepine drug screen What is this test? This is a blood test to screen for a class of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-ZOH-die-AZ-uh-peens). Benzodiazepines are central nervous system depressants. They are used to sedate patients, help them sleep, prevent seizures, ease anxiety, and relax muscle spasms. These drugs are often informally called tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and muscle relaxants. Variations in the molecules of different benzo...
Bence-Jones Protein (Urine)
Bence-Jones Protein (Urine) Does this test have other names? Urine protein electrophoresis, UPEP, urine immunofixation electrophoresis, immunoassay for free light chains What is this test? The Bence-Jones protein urine test is used mainly to diagnose and monitor multiple myeloma, a type of cancer. An abnormal Bence-Jones test result is also linked with malignant lymphomas. These are cancers of the lymphatic system. Multiple myeloma is a blood cancer of the plasma cells. These are immune system cells tha...
Basic Metabolic Panel (Blood)
Basic Metabolic Panel (Blood) Does this test have other names? BMP, chemistry panel, chem 7, electrolyte panel What is this test? This blood test gives information about your body's metabolism, or how your body uses food for energy. It gives a snapshot of the health of your kidneys, your blood sugar levels, and the levels of key electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium. A basic metabolic panel test measures the levels of eight important things in your blood: Calcium. Calcium plays a role in keeping yo...
Bartonella Antibody Does this test have other names? Cat scratch disease blood test, indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFA) for IgM and IgG against B. henselae What is this test? This blood test screens for exposure to Bartonella henselae, the bacteria that cause cat scratch disease. These bacteria are spread by cats, especially kittens, which are more likely to be infected. The disease is usually fairly mild and clears up without treatment. But it can be more serious for people with a weakened immune...
Bilirubin (Amniotic Fluid)
Bilirubin (Amniotic Fluid) Does this test have other names? Amniocentesis, Amniotic fluid bilirubin optical density, OD What is this test? This test is done to see how well your baby is developing inside you. The liquid that surrounds the baby inside your womb is called amniotic fluid. Health care providers check the fluid for a pigment called bilirubin to see whether your baby has a blood type that is incompatible with yours. When this happens, it may cause the baby to develop severe anemia or other pr...
Blood Clotting Disorders in Children
Blood Clotting Disorders in Children What are blood clotting disorders? Clotting is the result of a series of chemical changes in the blood. Blood clots help repair damaged blood vessels and stop bleeding. Special blood cells called platelets and proteins called clotting factors are involved in blood clotting. Blood clots may also form when there is no injury or bleeding. They may block veins or arteries. This may interrupt blood flow to part of the body. The clots may prevent blood flow to organs, such...
Burners and Stingers Syndrome in Young Athletes
Burners and Stingers Syndrome in Young Athletes If your young athlete complains of a pain in the shoulder or neck that causes a burning or stinging sensation down one arm to the hand, he or she may have burners and stingers syndrome. What is the cause? Burners and stingers syndrome is usually caused by an injury during practice or competition. The most typical injury occurs when a youngster falls or takes a blow to the neck or shoulder. The collision often pushes the head sharply to the side and down, p...
BPD/DS Weight-Loss Surgery
BPD/DS Weight-Loss Surgery If you are extremely obese and have tried without success to get your weight under control, your healthcare provider may recommend a bariatric surgical procedure known as biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). This is usually known as the duodenal switch. It can help you lose more weight than either the gastric bypass or the sleeve gastrectomy. The surgery has been shown to help reduce obesity and related illnesses. These include heart disease, high blood pre...
Blood Test A blood test is a lab analysis of the elements in your blood. Regular blood tests might be ordered to keep track of how well you and your doctor are managing a condition such as diabetes or high cholesterol. They are also ordered during routine checkups and sick visits. Blood test are ordered by healthcare providers to help: Find out how well important organs such as your kidneys, liver, heart, or thyroid are working. Help diagnose diseases such as cancer, diabetes, coronary heart disease, an...
Biophysical Profile What is a biophysical profile? A biophysical profile is a test that is sometimes used during the third trimester of pregnancy. It is often done if there is a question about the baby’s health. This may be because of other test results or certain pregnancy symptoms, or because your pregnancy is high risk. The biophysical profile combines two tests to check your unborn baby’s overall health: a non-stress test and an ultrasound. Non-stress test. This test checks your baby’s heart rate an...
Breast Augmentation Surgery
Breast Augmentation Surgery (Breast Enlargement, Breast Implant Surgery, Augmentation Mammoplasty) Procedure overview Breast augmentation surgery is a common plastic surgery procedure done to change the appearance of a woman's breasts. The surgery uses breast implants to increase the size or the fullness of the breasts. Breast augmentation surgery may be done at the hospital or in another type of outpatient facility. It shouldn’t be confused with reconstructive surgery after a mastectomy, breast lift su...
Basics of Brain Tumors
Basics of Brain Tumors A brain tumor is a collection of cells that grow out of control. As they continue to grow, they form a mass of cells that becomes a tumor. Brain tumors form in 1 of 2 ways: A primary brain tumor starts with an abnormal brain cell and grows in the brain. A metastatic (secondary) tumor starts as a cancer in another part of the body (such as the lungs or breast) and then spreads to the brain, where it forms a new tumor. Doctors don't know why some cells begin to form into tumor cells...
Back Pain in Pregnancy
Back Pain in Pregnancy Why is back pain so common in pregnancy? One of the most common complaints during pregnancy is back pain. In fact, it's estimated that more than half of all women experience some degree of back discomfort. Most back pain is related to the physical changes that happen during pregnancy, including hormones, changes in the center of gravity, and posture. Unfortunately, it typically gets worse as pregnancy progresses. What causes back pain during pregnancy? Throughout pregnancy, hormon...
Brachial Plexus Injuries
Brachial Plexus Injuries What is a brachial plexus injury? A bundle of connected nerves in the neck region of your spinal cord sends branches down into your chest, shoulders, arms, and hands. This group of nerves is called the brachial plexus. These nerves control the motions of your wrists, hands, and arms, allowing you to raise your arm, type on your keyboard, or throw a baseball. The brachial plexus nerves are sensory, too. For instance, they let you know that the pan you just grabbed with your hand ...
Brachial Neuritis What is brachial neuritis? Brachial neuritis is a form of peripheral neuropathy that affects the chest, shoulder, arm and hand. Peripheral neuropathy is a disease characterized by pain or loss of function in the nerves that carry signals to and from the brain and spinal cord (the central nervous system) to other parts of the body. It is a fairly rare condition. Brachial neuritis is also referred to as brachial neuropathy or a brachial plexus injury. When acute brachial neuritis occurs,...
Bacterial Meningitis What is bacterial meningitis? Meningitis is an infection of the membranes (meninges) that protect the spinal cord and brain. When the membranes become infected, they swell and press on the spinal cord or brain. This can cause life-threatening problems. Meningitis symptoms strike suddenly and worsen quickly. What causes bacterial meningitis? Bacteria or a virus can cause meningitis. Viral meningitis is more common, but bacterial meningitis is more serious. It can lead to brain damage...
Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder What is borderline personality disorder? Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a kind of mental health problem. It may also be called emotionally unstable personality disorder. People with BPD have unstable moods and can act recklessly. They also have a hard time managing their emotions. If you have BPD, you may have problems with daily tasks, obligations, and life events. You may have trouble keeping jobs and relationships. And you may use food, alcohol, or other subs...
Buerger Disease What is Buerger disease? Buerger disease is one of many types of vasculitis. This is inflammation of small and medium size blood vessels. Buerger disease causes a tightening, or a blockage, of the blood vessels in your feet and hands. When blood doesn’t flow well to your hands and feet, especially during activity, you may have pain and tissue damage. In the worst cases, sores (ulcers) appear on your fingers and toes due to poor circulation to the skin and tissue. The ulcers can become in...
Brugada Syndrome What is Brugada syndrome? Brugada syndrome is a genetic disorder that can causes a dangerous irregular heartbeat. A mutation in the SCN5A gene causes the genetic form of this condition. When this mutation occurs, it may cause a ventricular arrhythmia. This is a type of irregular heartbeat. When this happens, the lower chambers of your heart (ventricles) beat irregularly and prevent blood from circulating properly in your body. This can be dangerous and may result in fainting or even dea...
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Body Dysmorphic Disorder What is body dysmorphic disorder? Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental health problem. If you have BDD, you may be so upset about the appearance of your body that it gets in the way of your ability to live normally. Many of us have what we think are flaws in our appearance. But if you have BDD, your reaction to this “flaw” may become overwhelming. You may find that negative thoughts about your body are hard to control. You may even spend hours each day worrying about how y...
Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction
Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Bladder dysfunction and bowel dysfunction refer to problems with urinating and passing stools. These may lead to the unwanted passage of urine or stool, called urinary or fecal incontinence. If you have these types of bladder and bowel problems, you may feel embarrassed at the thought of bringing them up with your doctor or other health care provider. The conditions can be physically and emotionally difficult to deal with, but you shouldn't feel uncomfortable about talking ...
Bosentan Oral tablet
Bosentan Oral tablet What is this medicine? BOSENTAN (boe SEN tan) is used to treat a serious heart and lung disorder called primary pulmonary hypertension. This medicine may help to increase your ability to exercise and improve your breathing. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take more often than directed. Do not...
Benazepril Hydrochloride, Hydrochlorothiazide Oral tablet
Benazepril Hydrochloride, Hydrochlorothiazide Oral tablet What is this medicine? BENAZEPRIL; HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE (ben AY ze pril; hye droe klor oh THYE a zide) is a combination of an ACE inhibitor and a diuretic. It is used to treat high blood pressure. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take it with or without food. If it upsets your stomach, take it with food. Take your medicine at regular interval...
Benazepril Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Benazepril Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? BENAZEPRIL (ben AY ze pril) is an ACE inhibitor. This medicine is used to treat high blood pressure. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking this medicine except on the advice of your doctor or health care professional. Talk to your pediatrician r...
Benzocaine, Chloroxylenol, Hydrocortisone Acetate Otic drops, suspension
Benzocaine, Chloroxylenol, Hydrocortisone Acetate Otic drops, suspension What is this medicine? BENZOCAINE; CHLOROXYLENOL; HYDROCORTISONE ACETATE is used to treat infections of the outer ear canal. It also relieves minor ear pain and itching. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is only for use in the ears. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Wash hands before and after use. Gently warm the bottle by holding it in the hand for 1 to 2 minutes. Lie down on your side with the infected...
Besifloxacin Eye drops, suspension
Besifloxacin Eye drops, suspension What is this medicine? BESIFLOXACIN (be si FLOX a sin) is a quinolone antibiotic. It is used to treat bacterial eye infections. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is only for use in the eye. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Wash hands before and after use. Shake well before using. Try not to touch the tip of the dropper to anything, even your eye or fingertips. Tilt your head back slightly and pull your lower eyelid down with your index finge...
Bimatoprost Ophthalmic drops, solution [Hypotrichosis]
Bimatoprost Ophthalmic drops, solution [Hypotrichosis] What is this medicine? BIMATOPROST (bi MA toe prost) is used on the upper eyelashes to increase their growth. It helps make eyelashes longer, thicker, and darker. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is only for use on the skin of the upper eyelid margins at the base of the eyelashes. Do not use in the eye or on the lower eyelid. Do not take by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Wash face and remove makeup and contact l...
Bendamustine HCl Solution for injection
Bendamustine HCl Solution for injection What is this medicine? BENDAMUSTINE (BEN da MUS teen) is a chemotherapy drug. It is used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for infusion into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed. What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine? Si...
Benzocaine Rectal ointment
Benzocaine Rectal ointment What is this medicine? BENZOCAINE (BEN zoe kane) causes loss of feeling in the skin. It is used to treat the itching, swelling, and pain of hemorrhoids. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for external use only. Do not take by mouth. Follow the directions on the label or those given to you by your doctor or health care professional. Do not get this medicine in your eyes. If you do, rinse out with plenty of cool tap water. Do not put this medicine inside the rectum...
Big Drop in U.S. Heart-Related Hospitalizations and Deaths, Study Finds
Big Drop in U.S. Heart-Related Hospitalizations and Deaths, Study Finds MONDAY, Aug. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Deaths and hospitalizations for heart disease and stroke have dropped dramatically in the United States over the past decade, according to a large study of Medicare patients. The declines noted from 1999 to 2011 are the result of lifestyle changes, better treatment and effective preventive measures, the researchers said. "The findings are jaw-dropping," said lead researcher Dr. Harlan Krumho...
Bone Drugs Don't Lower Breast Cancer Risk After All, Study Finds
Bone Drugs Don't Lower Breast Cancer Risk After All, Study Finds MONDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs known as bisphosphonates, commonly prescribed to treat the bone-weakening disease osteoporosis, don't appear to reduce the risk of breast cancer as previously thought, new research finds. "We found that postmenopausal women who took a bisphosphonate for three or four years did not have a decreased risk in breast cancer," said study author Trisha Hue, an epidemiologist at the University of Californi...
Black Veterans Less Likely to Get Colon Cancer Screening, Study Finds
Black Veterans Less Likely to Get Colon Cancer Screening, Study Finds MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Colon cancer screening rates for black patients in a Veterans Affairs health care system in California are much lower compared to other races, even though all patients have similar access to care, according to a new study. The study also found that having a primary care health provider greatly increased the likelihood that patients would be screened for colon cancer. "Notably, individuals with...
Benefits of E-Cigarettes May Outweigh Harms, Study Finds
Benefits of E-Cigarettes May Outweigh Harms, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, July 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Strict regulation of electronic cigarettes isn't warranted based on current evidence, a team of researchers says. On the contrary, allowing e-cigarettes to compete with regular cigarettes might cut tobacco-related deaths and illness, the researchers concluded after reviewing 81 prior studies on the use and safety of the nicotine-emitting devices. "Current evidence suggests that there is a potential for ...
Big Jump in Doctor's Office Visits for Young Adults With Diabetes
Big Jump in Doctor's Office Visits for Young Adults With Diabetes THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new report finds that by 2010, one in every 10 visits Americans made to their doctor's office involved diabetes, with the greatest rise among those aged 25 to 44. Data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found the number of office visits for patients with diabetes in this age group jumped by 34 percent between 2005 and 2010. Almost 29 million Americans have diabetes, the C...
Burnout Common Among Transplant Surgeons, Study Reveals
Burnout Common Among Transplant Surgeons, Study Reveals THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Transplant surgeons often feel emotionally drained and overextended, which are red flags for burnout, a new study suggests. Nearly half of the transplant surgeons in the study reported having a low sense of personal accomplishment and four out of 10 admitted to feeling emotionally exhausted, researchers found. "Burnout is common in medicine, especially in high-pressure specialties like transplantation," s...
Blood Test Might Help Prevent Certain Birth Defects
Blood Test Might Help Prevent Certain Birth Defects TUESDAY, July 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A simple blood test could help prevent neural tube birth defects such as spina bifida, new research finds. The test would measure the concentration of folate (a form of vitamin B) in a pregnant women's red blood cells. The findings from this study -- conducted by an international team of scientists -- could help doctors predict the risk of serious birth defects known as neural tube defects because folate is vi...
Brown Recluse Spider Bites on the Rise, Expert Warns
Brown Recluse Spider Bites on the Rise, Expert Warns TUESDAY, July 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although the bite of a brown recluse spider is poisonous, these wounds usually heal well if left alone, an expert notes. It's still important to recognize the warning signs of an adverse reaction to a brown recluse spider bite, warned Dr. Donna Seger, medical director of the Tennessee Poison Center, particularly since these potentially dangerous bites are on the rise. "As physicians, it is hard for us to do n...
Barbershops Join Fight Against High Blood Pressure in Black Men
Barbershops Join Fight Against High Blood Pressure in Black Men FRIDAY, Aug. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Across the country, barbershops serve as a time-honored destination for a good cut and conversation. Now experts want to see whether barbershops might also be the spot to tackle an often overlooked health concern: high blood pressure among black men. In a novel partnership, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with the Mississippi State Department of Health (MSDH), enlisted t...
Bacteria in Semen May Affect HIV Transmission, Levels: Study
Bacteria in Semen May Affect HIV Transmission, Levels: Study THURSDAY, July 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Human semen is naturally colonized by bacteria, and a new study suggests the microbes might have a role to play in both HIV transmission and levels in infected men. U.S. researchers found that bacteria in semen -- the "microbiome" -- play a role in local inflammation and in the production of HIV by infected men. They say the findings point to possible targets for reducing transmission of the AIDS-cau...
Blood Test Might Help Predict Survival With Lou Gehrig's Disease
Blood Test Might Help Predict Survival With Lou Gehrig's Disease TUESDAY, July 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Simple blood tests may one day help predict survival and the course of the disease in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also called Lou Gehrig's disease, Italian researchers report. The components in the blood that might yield clues to how fast ALS is progressing are called albumin and creatinine. These components are normally tested to follow kidney and liver health, according to t...
Blood Thinners May Not Be Needed for Kids' Back Surgery
Blood Thinners May Not Be Needed for Kids' Back Surgery TUESDAY, July 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most children who have spinal surgery don't require anti-clotting drugs because blood clots occur so rarely in these procedures, a new study says. Instead of the risky and costly blood-thinning drugs, close monitoring after surgery is enough for most of these patients, according to the Johns Hopkins Children's Center researchers. Anti-clotting drugs should be considered only for young spinal surgery patien...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.