FDA Approves First in New Class of Drugs for Advanced Ovarian Cancer
FDA Approves First in New Class of Drugs for Advanced Ovarian Cancer FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a new drug to treat advanced ovarian cancer, along with a test to identify patients eligible to receive the drug. Lynparza (olaparib) belongs to a new class of drugs called poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. The drug is for women who have already received extensive treatment for advanced ovarian cancer associated with defective BRCA ...
Frail Elderly Might Benefit From High-Dose Flu Shot
Frail Elderly Might Benefit From High-Dose Flu Shot THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A high-dose influenza vaccine is better than the standard vaccine for frail seniors under care in nursing homes, a new study suggests. Researchers report that the high-dose shot produces a stronger immune response in this elderly population, a potential sign it will keep more cases of flu at bay. "For frail older adults, the high-dose vaccine appears to be a better option to protect against flu than the stand...
Flying Time Could Raise Skin Cancer Risks for Pilots
Flying Time Could Raise Skin Cancer Risks for Pilots WEDNESDAY, Dec. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Airline pilots get as much exposure to cancer-causing UV rays in an hourlong flight as they would during 20 minutes in a tanning bed, new research finds. The study, led by Dr. Martina Sanlorenzo, from the University of California, San Francisco, found that airplane windshields do not completely block harmful ultraviolet-A (UV-A) rays from the sun. This type of radiation can boost the risk of deadly melanoma...
Federal Health Marketplace Enrolls Another 2.5 Million Americans
Federal Health Marketplace Enrolls Another 2.5 Million Americans WEDNESDAY, Dec. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Enrollment through the federal health marketplace surged last week as the deadline for signing up for a health plan with a Jan. 1 effective date came to a close. Between Nov. 15 and Dec. 12, almost 2.5 million individuals selected a health plan through HealthCare.gov, U.S. health officials said Tuesday. HealthCare.gov is the gateway to enroll in an Affordable Care Act, or "Obamacare," health pla...
Few Parents Think 18-Year-Olds Can Handle Their Health Care
Few Parents Think 18-Year-Olds Can Handle Their Health Care WEDNESDAY, Dec. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many American parents don't think their teen and young adult children are able to manage their own health care, a new survey finds. The nationwide poll of parents of children ages 13 to 30 found that a large number believe children should stop seeing their pediatrician and begin going to an adult-focused primary care doctor at age 18 (42 percent). Some thought their children should transition to adul...
FDA Warns Against Fetal 'Keepsake' Videos
FDA Warns Against Fetal 'Keepsake' Videos TUESDAY, Dec. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Expectant parents should leave prenatal picture-taking to medical professionals, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends. Use of ultrasound imaging and heartbeat monitors to get "keepsake" images and videos is not entirely risk-free, the agency warns. "Although there is a lack of evidence of any harm due to ultrasound imaging and heartbeat monitors, prudent use of these devices by trained health care providers ...
First Newborn Screening Test Approved for Rare Immune Disorder
First Newborn Screening Test Approved for Rare Immune Disorder TUESDAY, Dec. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The first test to screen for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) in newborns has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Some 40 to 100 cases of SCID are identified each year among newborns in the United States, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. The group of disorders is caused by genetic defects that influence infection-fighting immune cells. While bab...
FDA Approves Blood Test That Gauges Heart Attack Risk
FDA Approves Blood Test That Gauges Heart Attack Risk MONDAY, Dec. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Monday approved a new blood test that can help determine a person's future odds for heart attack and other heart troubles. The test is designed for people with no history of heart disease, and it appears to be especially useful for women, and black women in particular, the agency said. "A cardiac test that helps better predict future coronary heart disease risk in wome...
Feel Younger Than Your Age? It May Help You Live Longer
Feel Younger Than Your Age? It May Help You Live Longer MONDAY, Dec. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Folks who feel "young at heart" may be more likely to live to a ripe old age, a new British study suggests. Seniors who said they felt three or more years younger than their actual age experienced a lower death rate over the course of eight years than people who either felt their full age or a little older, researchers report online Dec. 15 in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine . About 25 percent of people ...
Fear of Police Keeps Many Hispanics From Calling 911, Study Says
Fear of Police Keeps Many Hispanics From Calling 911, Study Says FRIDAY, Dec. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Distrust of police prevents many Hispanic Americans from calling 911 when someone is suffering cardiac arrest, a new study reveals. "Residents of low-income, minority neighborhoods have two strikes against them: The incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is much higher than average and rates of bystander CPR are below average," said study lead author Dr. Comilla Sasson, of the University of Co...
For Young Kids, Too Little Sleep Linked to Later Obesity
For Young Kids, Too Little Sleep Linked to Later Obesity THURSDAY, Dec. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of sleep and sleep-related breathing problems appear to boost children's risk of obesity, a new study finds. What isn't clear from the study, however, is whether the sleep issues actually cause obesity, or if something else might explain the association between sleep problems and obesity. Researchers analyzed data from about 1,900 youngsters in England. The researchers had about 15 years of follow-u...
FDA Approves Cervical Cancer Vaccine That Covers More HPV Strains
FDA Approves Cervical Cancer Vaccine That Covers More HPV Strains WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday approved a new vaccine with expanded protection against the human papillomavirus (HPV), by far the leading cause of cervical and certain other cancers. The agency said that Gardasil 9 can shield users against nine strains of the virus, compared to the four strains covered by Gardasil, the Merck & Co. vaccine approved in 2006. Merck also mak...
Fewer Bars and Liquor Stores, Less Domestic Violence: CDC
Fewer Bars and Liquor Stores, Less Domestic Violence: CDC WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Restricting the number of locations where alcohol can be sold in a community may help reduce domestic violence, researchers say. The team at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reviewed 16 studies that examined the link between alcohol sales regulations in communities and rates of intimate partner violence. Some of the things they looked at included the number of alcohol sales out...
Free Clinics Run by Med Students on the Rise
Free Clinics Run by Med Students on the Rise TUESDAY, Dec. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of medical student-run free clinics at U.S. medical schools has doubled in the last decade, according to a new study. In 2005, there were about 110 student-run free clinics at 49 medical schools that belonged to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). This new study found just over 200 such clinics at 86 AAMC-member medical schools. More than half of all medical students are involved in such cl...
Full Bladder May Get a Third of Women Over 40 Up at Night
Full Bladder May Get a Third of Women Over 40 Up at Night TUESDAY, Dec. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many women have to get up more than once a night because of a full bladder, a new study finds. Researchers found that of over 2,000 women aged 40 and up, one-third said they routinely got up at least twice a night to use the bathroom. Doctors refer to that as nocturia, and it can be a sign that you're drinking too much tea or coffee at night -- or a signal of a serious health condition. "Traditionally, no...
Flu Shot May Offer Less Protection This Winter: CDC
Flu Shot May Offer Less Protection This Winter: CDC THURSDAY, Dec. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- This flu season looks like it could be worse than usual, due to an aggressive strain of influenza virus that might flout the protection provided by this year's vaccine, U.S. health officials warned Thursday. A strain of influenza called H3N2 appears to be circulating most widely this season, and in the past death rates from H3N2 have been more than double that of other flu strains, according to officials from ...
FDA Issues New Drug Label Rules to Better Inform Pregnant Women
FDA Issues New Drug Label Rules to Better Inform Pregnant Women WEDNESDAY, Dec. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new labeling system should give women and their doctors clearer information on the risks and benefits of prescription medicines when taken during pregnancy and breast-feeding, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday. The agency "wants pregnant and breast-feeding women and their health care providers to benefit from the most useful and latest information about their prescription medi...
FDA Advisors Not Sold on Lifting Ban on Gay Men Giving Blood
FDA Advisors Not Sold on Lifting Ban on Gay Men Giving Blood WEDNESDAY, Dec. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Members of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel asked the agency on Tuesday to think carefully before repealing a 31-year ban on blood donations from gay and bisexual men. Their cautious advice doesn't mesh with the positions of gay rights advocates, medical experts and blood banks, which are all pushing for a removal of the ban. The panel members said their main concern was that it is ...
Fatal ODs From Narcotic Painkillers Have Tripled in U.S.
Fatal ODs From Narcotic Painkillers Have Tripled in U.S. TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The epidemic of prescription painkiller abuse continues to take a deadly toll in the United States, with fatal overdoses involving drugs such as Oxycontin and Vicodin tripling over a decade, a new report shows. Deaths from another form of opiate, heroin, also nearly tripled between 1999 and 2012, according to the report released Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There was one ...
Full-Day Preschool Beats Part-Day for School Preparedness
Full-Day Preschool Beats Part-Day for School Preparedness TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children who attend a full-day preschool program are better prepared for elementary school success than children who attend a part-day program, a new study has found. Chicago preschoolers who went the whole day rather than a half-day had higher scores on measures of school readiness skills, including language, math, social development and physical health, researchers from the University of Minnesota repo...
FDA Advisory Panel Says Steroid Shots for Back Pain Can Continue
FDA Advisory Panel Says Steroid Shots for Back Pain Can Continue TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An expert advisory panel to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration decided on Tuesday not to recommend the agency issue a strong warning against the general use of steroid injections for back pain. The shots are commonly used to treat back pain, but they have never been approved for this use by the FDA, and whether their risks outweigh their benefits has long been a matter of debate. Tuesday's vote...
Flu Season Off to a Slow Start ... for Now
Flu Season Off to a Slow Start ... for Now FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- This year's flu season is off to a slow but detectable start. And it appears to be a typical one that's likely to peak in January or February, a leading U.S. health official says. "We are starting to see a little more flu in the country, but we are still at pretty low levels," said Dr. Joseph Bresee, chief of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Epidemiology and Prevention Branch in the Influenza Divisi...
FDA Approves 'Abuse-Resistant' Narcotic Painkiller
FDA Approves 'Abuse-Resistant' Narcotic Painkiller THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Seeking to make it tougher for people to misuse prescription painkillers, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday approved a new hydrocodone tablet that's designed to help thwart abuse. Hydrocodone -- best known by the brand name Vicodin -- is a powerful opioid painkiller that has been tied to a surge in dangerous addictions across the United States. The FDA said that newly approved Hysingla ER (hydr...
Fewer Infants Dying Than Before, CDC Reports
Fewer Infants Dying Than Before, CDC Reports WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More babies are being born at full term, resulting in fewer infant deaths, U.S. health officials reported Wednesday. The death rate among infants dropped 4 percent between 2006 and 2011, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, the number of fetal deaths -- defined in this report as deaths of fetuses at 20 weeks' gestation or later, and commonly referred to as stillbirths -- stayed...
Feeling 'Worn Out'? Your Heart May Pay the Price
Feeling 'Worn Out'? Your Heart May Pay the Price MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Otherwise healthy people on the verge of burning out are more likely to develop heart disease, according to new research. Those suffering from so-called vital exhaustion -- a toxic combination of fatigue, irritability and demoralization -- have a 36 percent increased risk of developing heart disease, researchers report. "In our increasingly busy lives, we're just under a lot of stress. And I think, when that stres...
Falls Leading Cause of Serious Head Trauma for Kids, Study Shows
Falls Leading Cause of Serious Head Trauma for Kids, Study Shows WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study of more than 43,000 children finds that falls are the most common cause of head injuries among younger kids. For children under the age of 2, falls accounted for 77 percent of head injuries. For kids aged 2 to 12, falls caused 38 percent of head injuries, the researchers said. Many of these serious brain injuries result from car and bicycle accidents, said lead researcher Dr. Nathan ...
Food Rules for Toddlers May Lead to Healthy Eating Habits
Food Rules for Toddlers May Lead to Healthy Eating Habits TUESDAY, Nov. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children have healthier diets when their parents place restrictions on what they can eat and train them to control their impulses, a new study suggests. The University at Buffalo researchers analyzed data from almost 9,000 American children whose self-regulation was assessed at age 2. The children's diets and parental food rules were then checked at age 4. "Parents can make a difference here by training ...
Fewer Malpractice Claims Paid in U.S.
Fewer Malpractice Claims Paid in U.S. THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of medical malpractice payments in the United States has dropped sharply since 2002, according to a new study. And compensation payment amounts and liability insurance costs for most doctors remained flat or declined in recent years, researchers report online Oct. 30 in the Journal of the American Medical Association . "For many physicians, the prospect of being sued for medical malpractice is a disturbing aspec...
Frailty Tied to Lower Survival Rates After Kidney Transplant
Frailty Tied to Lower Survival Rates After Kidney Transplant THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Physical frailty may lead to worse five-year survival rates among kidney transplant patients, regardless of their age, a new study shows. The findings suggest that patients should be screened for frailty before kidney transplantation, and that those identified as frail need to be closely monitored after their transplant, the study authors said. The researchers assessed frailty in 537 patients around ...
FDA Approves New Vaccine to Protect Against Meningitis
FDA Approves New Vaccine to Protect Against Meningitis WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new vaccine that could help prevent some cases of life-threatening meningococcal disease was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday. Trumenba is approved to protect people between the ages of 10 and 25 from invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B bacteria. The bacteria can infect the bloodstream (sepsis) and the lining that surrounds the spinal...
First Vaccine Approved for B Strains of Meningitis
First Vaccine Approved for B Strains of Meningitis WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The first vaccine to protect against a type of meningococcal bacteria that can cause meningitis has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. When Neisseria meningitidis bacteria infect the bloodstream or lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, it can cause life-threatening illness. The bacteria typically are transmitted by coughing, kissing or sharing utensils, especially in close livi...
FDA Cautions Against 'Undeclared' Food Allergens
FDA Cautions Against 'Undeclared' Food Allergens TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some food labels may not reliably list all possible food allergens, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The agency added that these "undeclared allergens" are the leading cause of FDA-requested food recalls. Under federal law, foods marketed in the United States are required to identify all major food allergens -- such as milk, eggs, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, wheat, peanuts and soybea...
Few U.S. Hospitals Ready to Handle Ebola, Survey Finds
Few U.S. Hospitals Ready to Handle Ebola, Survey Finds FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Only about 6 percent of American hospitals have infection control procedures in place to effectively and safely handle Ebola patients, a new survey reveals. Of the 1,039 acute care hospitals that responded to the survey, about 6 percent said they were "well-prepared," and about 5 percent said they were "not prepared," according to the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC)...
Fertility Treatments Aren't Significantly Linked to Birth Defects
Fertility Treatments Aren't Significantly Linked to Birth Defects WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of birth defects is low among children conceived using assisted reproductive technologies (ART), according to a new study. Researchers examined more than 300,000 births in Massachusetts between 2004 and 2008. Of those babies, 11,000 were conceived using ART. Assisted reproductive technologies include fertility treatments where both eggs and sperm are handled, such as in-vitro fertiliza...
For Infertility Treatment, Should He Drink Less Coffee, More Booze?
For Infertility Treatment, Should He Drink Less Coffee, More Booze? MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A man's love of coffee could hamper the success of a couple's infertility treatment, a small new study suggests. But mild alcohol use by would-be fathers might help boost the odds of pregnancy through in vitro fertilization, the findings indicate. The Boston researchers aren't ready to encourage men enrolled in IVF to cut coffee consumption and have an extra beer with dinner. Still, these prelim...
Frequent Dining Out Might Widen Your Waistline, Study Finds
Frequent Dining Out Might Widen Your Waistline, Study Finds FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Love to dine out? You could be at higher risk for becoming overweight and having poorer cholesterol levels than people who prefer to eat at home, a new study suggests. Researchers led by Ashima Kant of Queens College, City University of New York, analyzed data from more than 8,300 American adults between 2005 and 2010. The researchers found that people who ate six or more meals a week away from home had...
Family Acceptance Key to Curbing Teen Suicides, Study Shows
Family Acceptance Key to Curbing Teen Suicides, Study Shows FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Family rejection could be potentially deadly for teens already at risk for suicide, a new study has found. When teens were followed six months after discharge from a psychiatric unit for attempting suicide, the majority of boys and girls reported feeling family or peer "invalidation" at the time of discharge. "Family invalidation refers to a lack of acceptance of individuals' sense of self and their emo...
For Ebola, No New Drugs Riding to the Rescue -- for Now
For Ebola, No New Drugs Riding to the Rescue -- for Now WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There's no magic bullet in the foreseeable future for the treatment of people infected by Ebola, infectious-disease experts say. No one knows if any of the experimental drugs used during the ongoing Ebola epidemic actually work. The most promising therapies -- ZMapp, TKM-Ebola and brincidofovir -- are all months or years away from clinical trials that would prove their effectiveness. "There are no licens...
Family Support Tied to Safer Sex for Young Gay Males: Study
Family Support Tied to Safer Sex for Young Gay Males: Study WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Young gay and bisexual males are less likely to engage in riskier sex if their families are supportive of the way they live, a small new study reveals. However, while the study found an association between family support and safer sex practices, such as using condoms, it did not prove a cause-and-effect link. Still, "youth had limited engagement in unsafe sex when the families were able to have open,...
FDA OKs Once-a-Day Drug for Chronic Hepatitis C
FDA OKs Once-a-Day Drug for Chronic Hepatitis C FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Harvoni, a daily pill that treats the most common form of hepatitis C, was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Friday. It's the first combination pill (ledipasvir and sofosbuvir) approved to treat the chronic infection, and the first medication that doesn't require that the antiviral drugs interferon or ribavirin be taken at the same time, the FDA said in a news release. Both drugs in the combinati...
Fried Foods Linked to Raised Risk of Diabetes in Pregnancy
Fried Foods Linked to Raised Risk of Diabetes in Pregnancy THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Regularly eating fried food before pregnancy may increase a woman's risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy, according to a new study. Researchers examined more than 21,000 single-child pregnancies in the United States over more than 10 years. Diabetes occurred in almost 850 of the pregnancies, the study found. Diabetes that develops during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes, according to the...
Five Major U.S. Airports to Screen Travelers From West Africa for Ebola
Five Major U.S. Airports to Screen Travelers From West Africa for Ebola WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Five major U.S. airports will begin screening travelers entering the country from the three West African nations hit hardest by the ongoing Ebola epidemic, federal health officials announced Wednesday. These five airports receive 94 percent of the roughly 150 travelers who arrive daily in the United States from the West African nations of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, Dr. Tom Frieden, ...
Fetal Exposure to Plastics Chemical Tied to Breathing Ills in Kids
Fetal Exposure to Plastics Chemical Tied to Breathing Ills in Kids MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure in pregnancy to a chemical commonly found in plastics and cans -- known as bisphenol A, or BPA -- may increase a child's risk of breathing problems, researchers say. In a study of nearly 400 pregnant women and their children, researchers found that each 10-fold increase of BPA in a mother's urine was associated with a 14 percent decrease in the child's breathing function at 4 years of age...
Free, Long-Acting Contraceptives May Greatly Reduce Teen Pregnancy Rate
Free, Long-Acting Contraceptives May Greatly Reduce Teen Pregnancy Rate WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Giving teenage girls free birth control -- especially long-acting implanted devices -- could slash pregnancy and abortion rates to well below the current U.S. average, new findings suggest. In a study of 1,400 teenage girls, researchers found that counseling and free contraceptives substantially cut the girls' rates of unplanned pregnancy and abortion. Over three years, their annual pregna...
Feeding Your Baby
Fetal Ultrasound Click Image to Enlarge Procedure overview What is a fetal ultrasound? Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy that creates an image of the fetus in the mother's uterus, or womb. During a fetal ultrasound, various parts of the baby, such as the heart, head, and spine, are identified and measured. The testing may be performed either through the mother's abdomen (transabdominal) or vaginal canal (transvaginal). Fetal ultrasound provides a safe way to evaluate the health of an unbo...
Fire Safety and Burns
Fire Safety and Burns Teaching your family about safety and burn prevention could save lives. Listed in the directory below is additional information related to fire safety and burns. Fire Safety and Burns Overview Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates Identifying High-Risk Situations Prevention
Female Growth and Development
Female Growth and Development As a female matures from a young girl into a woman, there are many important things to consider regarding her health and development. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Puberty: Adolescent Female Breast Health Gynecological Health
Fifth Disease What is fifth disease? Fifth disease is a viral illness that causes a condition called an exanthem. An exanthem is another name for a rash or skin eruption. Fifth disease is also known as erythema infectiosum and as "slapped cheek" disease because the rash can cause a child's cheeks to become quite red. Fifth disease is spread from one child to another through direct contact with fluid from the nose and throat. It can also be spread through contact with infected blood. It is moderately con...
Female Physical Development
Female Physical Development As a female matures from a young girl into a woman, many important things must be considered regarding her health and development. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Anatomy of the Breasts Normal Breast Development Anatomy of the Female Pelvic Area Menstrual Cycle: An Overview Puberty: Adolescent Female
Facts About the Spine, Shoulder, and Pelvis
Facts About the Spine, Shoulder, and Pelvis Click Image to Enlarge Facts about the spine The vertebral column, also called the spine or backbone, is made up of multiple vertebrae that are separated by spongy disks and classified into 4 distinct areas. The cervical area consists of 7 bony parts in the neck; the thoracic spine consists of 12 bony parts in the back area; the lumbar spine consists of 5 bony segments in the lower back area; 5 sacral* bones; and 4 coccygeal* bones (the number of coccygeal bon...
Fractures What is a fracture? A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture occurs, it is classified as either open or closed: Open fracture (also called compound fracture). The bone exits and is visible through the skin, or a deep wound that exposes the bone through the skin. Closed fracture (also called simple fracture). The bone is broken, but the skin is intact. Fractures have a variety of names. Below is a listing of the common types that may occur: Greenstick. This is an i...
Fibromyalgia What is fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a chronic, widespread pain in muscles and soft tissues surrounding the joints throughout the body. The disease is fairly common, affecting approximately 2 to 4 percent of the U.S. population, mostly middle-aged women. Although its symptoms are similar to other joint diseases, such as arthritis, fibromyalgia is actually a form of soft tissue or muscular rheumatism that causes pain in the muscles and soft tissues. What causes or triggers fibromyalgia? Alt...
Food-Drug Interactions What happens during a food-drug interaction? Food-drug interactions can happen with both prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications, including antacids, vitamins, iron pills, herbs, supplements, and beverages. Some nutrients can affect the way you metabolize certain drugs by binding with drug ingredients, thus reducing their absorption or speeding their elimination. For example, the acidity of fruit juice may decrease the effectiveness of antibiotics such as penicillin. D...
Fungal Infections of the Skin
Fungal Infections of the Skin Many types of fungal skin infections require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) Tinea Infections (Ringworm) Tinea Versicolor
Frequently Asked Questions About Vulvar Cancer
Frequently Asked Questions About Vulvar Cancer Q: What is vulvar cancer? A: Vulvar cancer is cancer that starts in the vulva, which is the outer part of the female reproductive system. Click Image to Enlarge The vulva includes the skin folds under the pubic hair that protects the urethra and vagina. Vulvar cancer is rare, in that it represents only about 4 percent of all female reproductive organ cancers. If it is found in its early stages, vulvar cancer is highly curable. Fortunately, most cases are di...
Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer
Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer Here are some answers to questions women often have about ovarian cancer. Click Image to Enlarge Q: What are the ovaries? A: The ovaries are female reproductive organs. There is one small, almond-shaped ovary on each side of the uterus. An ovary releases an egg every month in a woman who is still having her period. The ovaries also make most of the female hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. These hormones control the development of certain parts...
For Kids: When Someone You Love Has Cancer
For Kids: When Someone You Love Has Cancer If someone you love has cancer, you probably feel sad, angry, and confused. It's OK to feel this way. Cancer is a serious disease. Your loved one is sick. He or she will need to see the doctor a lot. It can help to learn more about cancer. If you have any questions about your loved one's cancer, first ask your loved one, but you can also ask a relative, a doctor, or a nurse. What is cancer? Cancer is when one of the body's cells starts to divide out of control....
Fertility Options for Women with Ovarian Cancer
Fertility Options for Women With Ovarian Cancer Women who still have 1 ovary may be able to get pregnant. Women without either ovary may choose IVF, surrogacy, or adoption to have a child. Most women who develop ovarian cancer are past childbearing age, but some women are not. If you have ovarian cancer and still wish to have children, be aware of the following: How treatment for ovarian cancer affects fertility Fertility refers to your ability to produce children. Some women who are treated for ovarian...
French Toast Sandwiches
French Toast Sandwiches (Gout-Friendly) Ingredients 4 thin slices whole-grain bread 2 large eggs (alternative: 1/2 cup egg substitute ) 1/4 cup skim milk 1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract 2 tablespoons reduced-fat cream cheese 2 tablespoons apricot preserves Cooking spray 2 teaspoons powdered sugar 1/4 cup warm maple syrup Directions Preheat oven to 300 degrees. In a bowl or baking dish large enough for flat bread, beat eggs with milk and vanilla. Make two sandwiches with the cream cheese and preserves. Put ...
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