Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
Growth Spurts Can Throw Off Teen Boys' Strut
Growth Spurts Can Throw Off Teen Boys' Strut FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Growth spurts can affect teen boys' coordination and knock the swagger right out of their stride, a new study reveals. "A sudden increase in height affects the body's ability to control established motor skills, such as walking," said lead author Maria Cristina, of the University of Bologna, Italy. The study included 88 boys who were 15 years old. Those with growth spurts -- defined as a height increase of more than 3 ...
Giving Certain Foods Early May Cut Allergy Risk
Giving Certain Foods Early May Cut Allergy Risk WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors have long warned parents to delay introducing certain foods to babies to decrease the risk of a potential allergic reaction, but a new study suggests that strategy probably doesn't help. The study of about 1,400 children found that when babies were given peanuts, eggs or cow's milk during their first year, they were less likely to become "sensitized" to those common allergy-causing foods. Being sensitized...
Genetically Modified Crops Are Safe: Review
Genetically Modified Crops Are Safe: Review TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Genetically modified crops pose no apparent risk to human health, an extensive study released Tuesday by a U.S. science advisory board has concluded. Crops created through genetic engineering are as safe to eat as crops developed through traditional plant-breeding methods, according to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine panel. The panel could find no link between consumption of genetically mod...
Giving the 'Green Light' to Migraine Relief
Giving the 'Green Light' to Migraine Relief TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new study sheds light -- literally -- on a potential means of easing migraine pain. Researchers in Boston exposed 69 migraine patients to different colors of light. They found that while blue light exacerbated headache pain, a narrow spectrum of low-intensity green light significantly reduced light sensitivity. In some cases, this green light also reduced migraine pain by about 20 percent, the researchers found. They...
Got Unused Meds? Here's What to Do
Got Unused Meds? Here's What to Do TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While doing your spring cleaning, don't just toss out expired or unused prescription medications. Unwanted drugs need to be properly disposed of to reduce the risk of abuse or accidental use, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. Follow disposal instructions on the drug label or patient information that came with the medicine. Don't put medicines down the sink or flush them down the toilet unless this information specifica...
Got Unwanted Pills? Drug Take-Back Day Is April 30
Got Unwanted Pills? Drug Take-Back Day Is April 30 THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Have you ever wondered how to get rid of an unfinished bottle of prescription drugs? Don't throw it in the trash or flush it down the toilet, advises the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Those methods of dumping your pills can actually be a safety hazard, the DEA says. Instead, Americans with expired, unused and unwanted prescription drugs can bring them for disposal at drop-off centers nationwide ...
Gotta Minute? Get a Good Workout
Gotta Minute? Get a Good Workout WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Couch potatoes, there are no more excuses. New research from Canada contends that just one minute of high-intensity exercise can boost your health as much as 45 minutes of a moderate workout. That means you can't claim that you don't have enough time to get in shape. "Most people cite 'lack of time' as the main reason for not being active," said study author Martin Gibala, a professor of kinesiology at McMaster University in ...
Gene Therapy May Offer Hope for 'Bubble Boy' Disease
Gene Therapy May Offer Hope for 'Bubble Boy' Disease WEDNESDAY, April 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new gene therapy shows preliminary promise against so-called "Bubble Boy" disease, researchers report. A small, early-stage trial assessed the safety and effectiveness of the gene therapy in five patients with Bubble Boy disease, formally known as severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID). Previous bone marrow transplants had failed to correct their immune function. SCID is a severe, inherited diso...
Getting Active After Knee Replacement Might Raise Hip Fracture Risk
Getting Active After Knee Replacement Might Raise Hip Fracture Risk SATURDAY, April 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There could be a downside to knee replacement: As people get more active, their odds for hip and spinal fractures rise, a new study suggests. One expert wasn't surprised by the finding. While the exact reason for the increase in hip and spine fractures isn't clear, it's most likely due "to improved mobility and activity as a result of the knee replacement surgery," said Dr. Caroline Messer, w...
Generic Hepatitis C Drugs as Effective as Pricey Brand Names: Study
Generic Hepatitis C Drugs as Effective as Pricey Brand Names: Study SATURDAY, April 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Low-cost generic antiviral drugs are as effective and safe as more expensive brand-name drugs in treating people with hepatitis C, researchers report. In many countries, people don't have access to a course of brand-name direct-acting antiviral drugs due to the high cost -- as much as $94,000 a patient, the researchers explained. However, mass-produced generic versions are available for less ...
Gene May Raise Melanoma Risk, Even Without Sun Exposure
Gene May Raise Melanoma Risk, Even Without Sun Exposure WEDNESDAY, April 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new study hints that genetics could play a role in the development of melanoma even if people don't get a lot of sunburns. But some U.S. experts say people shouldn't take this news as an excuse to bake themselves in the sun, which is considered a major cause of the often-deadly skin cancer. "There should be no change to the current recommendations to adopt sun-safe behaviors for melanoma prevention," c...
Great American Smokeout Stands Out Among 'Awareness Days'
Great American Smokeout Stands Out Among 'Awareness Days' THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health-focused awareness days dot the calendar each year. There's World Health Day, World Dolphin Day, World Lupus Day and hundreds more. Whether they actually boost action on specific health issues isn't clear, however. But a new study reports that one event -- the Great American Smokeout -- does have a significant impact. This is held each year on the third Thursday of November in an effort to get mo...
Gene May Explain Higher Rates of Some Cancers in Black People
Gene May Explain Higher Rates of Some Cancers in Black People THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A single gene variant may explain why black Americans with common cancers have shorter survival times and higher death rates than other races, a new study suggests. While some researchers have examined possible socioeconomic factors to explain these differences, others have focused on genetics. "We may finally have a truly genetic explanation for why African-Americans are more prone to a variety of...
Genes May Link Risks for Pot Use, Depression
Genes May Link Risks for Pot Use, Depression WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic risk for marijuana dependence may be associated with a higher inherited risk for major depression, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed the gene profiles of more than 14,000 people and identified several genetic variants that significantly boost the risk of marijuana dependence. According to the researchers, it's the first study to pinpoint those variants. The investigators also examined whethe...
Gene Therapy Shows Early Promise Against Heart Failure
Gene Therapy Shows Early Promise Against Heart Failure WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There might be good news for millions of Americans who suffer from heart failure: A trial using gene therapy appears to have boosted patients' cardiac function. "This type of an intervention would be the ultimate method to reconstruct damaged heart tissue so that it can be mechanically functional again," explained one expert, Dr. Justine Lachmann. She directs the Congestive Heart Failure Program at Winth...
Gene Analysis Pinpoints Zika's Arrival in the Americas
Gene Analysis Pinpoints Zika's Arrival in the Americas THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus likely arrived in the Americas between May and December 2013, more than a year before it was first reported in Brazil, according to a new study. That corresponds with a time when there were increased numbers of air travelers to Brazil from countries where Zika was known to be present, and when there were Zika outbreaks in the Pacific Islands. The virus was probably brought to the Americas b...
Gaps in Care Can Harm Patients After Heart Attack
Gaps in Care Can Harm Patients After Heart Attack WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Heart attack patients who wait a long period to have a follow-up medical appointment after leaving the hospital are less likely to take their medications as prescribed, endangering their health. That's the finding of a new study of 21,000 Medicare patients over 65 who survived a heart attack. One heart doctor said timely care is key to a good recovery for these patients. "Many patients with heart attack are t...
Gene Tests May Help Predict Outcomes in Advanced Ovarian Cancer
Gene Tests May Help Predict Outcomes in Advanced Ovarian Cancer SATURDAY, March 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A special genetic test might help gauge outcomes for women diagnosed with ovarian cancer, a new study suggests. As researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle explained, advanced ovarian cancer doesn't progress as rapidly in women who have mutations in certain "DNA repair" genes, known as homologous recombination (HR) genes. Women with the disease who also have these mutations may surv...
Generic Gleevec Will Likely Cut Millions in Health Costs
Generic Gleevec Will Likely Cut Millions in Health Costs FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Using the generic form of the cancer drug Gleevec could save patients and insurers millions of dollars, a new study suggests. The patent on Gleevec expired in January. The generic version of the drug is called imatinib. The drug is used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia. Most people with chronic myeloid leukemia require lifelong daily medication, researchers said. "If we start all patients on the generic ...
Genetic Tests May Not Change People's Unhealthy Ways
Genetic Tests May Not Change People's Unhealthy Ways WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic tests that predict people's risk for disease are becoming more common, but a new analysis suggests that having that information doesn't mean people act on it. British researchers reviewed the results of 18 studies that looked at whether communicating DNA test results for conditions such as cancer and heart disease led people to make healthy changes. They found no evidence that people adopted health...
Good Sleep Habits Ready Kids for School Success
Good Sleep Habits Ready Kids for School Success TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children who have good sleep habits by age 5 do better at school, a new study finds. Researchers reviewed the sleep behavior of nearly 2,900 children in Australia from birth until they were 6 or 7. They found that one-third had mounting sleep problems in their first five years that put them at added risk for attention disorders and emotional and behavioral problems in school. "We now know 70 per cent of children ...
Gene Test May Spare Some Breast Cancer Patients From Chemo
Gene Test May Spare Some Breast Cancer Patients From Chemo FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new genetic test seems to accurately identify women with early stage breast cancer who don't need chemotherapy, German researchers report. The test is called the 21-gene recurrence score (Oncotype DX). Among women that the test indicated didn't need chemotherapy, 94 percent were alive and free of cancer after five years, the scientists said. "Chemotherapy can be safely spared in patients with very low...
Guys, Want to Be a Leader? Muscle Up
Guys, Want to Be a Leader? Muscle Up WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A muscular physique can improve a man's image as a potential leader, but only if he doesn't come across as a bully, a new study suggests. The researchers asked men and women to rate people's status and leadership qualities based on photographs. The study participants overwhelmingly tied physical strength in men with higher status and leadership. Physical strength wasn't linked with status or leadership for women, however. ...
Graphic Cigarette Warnings May Target Brain's 'Quit Centers'
Graphic Cigarette Warnings May Target Brain's 'Quit Centers' FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Disturbing images on cigarette pack warning labels activate brain regions crucial in quitting smoking, a new study suggests. "Regulators can and should use this research to craft more effective warning labels and messages to smokers that both deliver facts about the negative effects of smoking and trigger thoughts and actions that move smokers toward quitting," said study senior author Raymond Niaura. ...
Gene Abnormality May Be Key to Down Syndrome, Scientists Say
Gene Abnormality May Be Key to Down Syndrome, Scientists Say THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've discovered a genetic abnormality that affects brain development in people with Down Syndrome, and they say this finding might lead to new treatments. "This discovery of the genetic changes that alter communication within the brain uncovered a completely new target for therapies in the brains of people with [Down syndrome]," study co-leader Tarik Haydar, associate professor of ...
Gene Discovery Could Point to New Lyme Disease Test: Study
Gene Discovery Could Point to New Lyme Disease Test: Study FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A distinctive genetic signature in people with Lyme disease could lead to new ways to diagnose the illness, scientists report. This gene signature occurs in the white blood cells of people infected with the tick-borne bacteria that causes Lyme disease, according to the researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore. Although 30,000 cas...
Graphic Warnings on Cigarettes Help Smokers Consider Quitting
Graphic Warnings on Cigarettes Help Smokers Consider Quitting WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Graphic images on cigarette packaging help smokers consider quitting, a new study finds. Researchers from Ohio State University found that photos of damage caused by tobacco use are more effective than words alone in deterring smokers. "The graphic images motivated smokers to think more deeply about their habit and the risks associated with smoking," study co-author Ellen Peters, a professor of psy...
Glaucoma Patients Have False Notions of Pot's Ability to Treat Their Disease: Survey
Glaucoma Patients Have False Notions of Pot's Ability to Treat Their Disease: Survey WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Glaucoma patients ask for marijuana prescriptions because they have false notions of its effectiveness in treating the eye disease, a new survey has found. And the trend toward legalization of marijuana has lent additional weight to those misconceptions, the results suggested. Recent research has shown that prescription eye drops are much more effective than marijuana in trea...
Get Your Flu Shot Before the Flu Is Widespread: CDC
Get Your Flu Shot Before the Flu Is Widespread: CDC WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Although relatively few cases of flu have surfaced so far in the United States, health officials expect activity to pick up in the next few weeks, so everyone who hasn't gotten a flu shot should get one now. "So far, influenza activity this season has remained low," said Lynnette Brammer, an epidemiologist in the influenza division at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "We are seeing a mix ...
Girls Given Risky Meds Don't Get Contraceptive Advice
Girls Given Risky Meds Don't Get Contraceptive Advice WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research from a Midwestern hospital suggests a wide majority of teen girls and young women fail to get information about contraceptives when they take medications that could cause birth defects. At issue are so-called "teratogenic" medications, used for conditions ranging from acne to anxiety, that boost the risk of birth defects when taken during pregnancy. Physicians often tell sexually active women ...
Genetic Abnormality May Explain Health Complications of Down Syndrome
Genetic Abnormality May Explain Health Complications of Down Syndrome MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People with Down syndrome have long been known to face a higher risk for a range of other illnesses, including heart disease, diabetes and immune disorders. Now, a new study has honed in on a possible cause: too much of a specific gene that disturbs the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is involved in basic organ-related activities. These activities include heartbeat, bl...
Genes May Help Shield Seniors From Mental Decline: Study
Genes May Help Shield Seniors From Mental Decline: Study MONDAY, Nov. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Humans have evolved to have gene variants that protect older adults from mental decline, new research suggests. "We unexpectedly discovered that humans have evolved gene variants that can help protect the elderly from dementia," study co-leader Dr. Ajit Varki, a professor of medicine and cellular and molecular medicine at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, said in a university news...
Genetically Engineered Salmon Gets FDA Approval
Genetically Engineered Salmon Gets FDA Approval THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Federal health officials approved on Thursday a Massachusetts company's request to produce genetically modified salmon, making it the first genetically modified food available for human consumption in the United States. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said the fish is as safe and nutritious as non-genetically engineered Atlantic salmon. As a result, the fish will not have to be labeled as a genetically engi...
Gel Injections May Help Heart Failure Patients
Gel Injections May Help Heart Failure Patients THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Heart failure patients who had beads of gel injected into their beating hearts continue to show improvement in their health a year after undergoing the procedure, researchers report. About 85 percent of patients who received the gel implants displayed only slight or no limitations in physical activity during a one-year follow-up, compared with only 25 percent of patients in a comparable control group. Blood oxygen...
Gene Mutation May Be Tied to Drunken Recklessness
Gene Mutation May Be Tied to Drunken Recklessness TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists say that they have identified a gene mutation that is linked to an increased risk of impulsive and reckless behavior when drunk. The research also indicates that "persons with this mutation are more impulsive by nature even when sober, and they are more likely to struggle with self-control or mood disorders," study leader and psychiatrist Roope Tikkanen, of the University of Helsinki in Finland, said ...
Gene Study of Liver Tumor Reveals Versatile DNA
Gene Study of Liver Tumor Reveals Versatile DNA FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Tumors may have much greater genetic versatility than previously thought, and researchers say that might explain their ability to resist cancer treatments. The finding comes from extensive and rigorous genetic sequencing carried out on a single tumor. The human liver tumor that the scientists studied -- which was slightly more than 1 inch in diameter -- contained more than 100 million distinct mutations within the ...
Gene Therapy in Dogs Offers Glimmer of Hope for Fatal Childhood Disorder
Gene Therapy in Dogs Offers Glimmer of Hope for Fatal Childhood Disorder WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists working with animals say they've made an advance in efforts to develop gene therapy that one day might treat a fatal neurodegenerative disease in children. Batten disease is a fatal, inherited disorder caused by a mutation in the TPP1 gene, which impairs brain cells' ability to recycle cellular waste. The abnormal buildup of this waste affects walking, talking, thinking and si...
Gentle Yoga Safe in Late Pregnancy, Small Study Suggests
Gentle Yoga Safe in Late Pregnancy, Small Study Suggests WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Yoga, even late into pregnancy, appears to be safe for expectant moms, according to a small new study. The research found that yoga poses don't seem to place undue stress on mom or baby. Using real-time measurements, researchers showed that various yoga postures had no ill effects on heart rate, blood pressure or other vital signs -- for the mother-to-be or the fetus. Researchers said the findings, repo...
Gratitude May Be Key to Wedded Bliss
Gratitude May Be Key to Wedded Bliss FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Happily married couples are often asked about the secret to their marital success. A new study suggests that it may be as simple as remembering to say "thank you." For the study, University of Georgia researchers surveyed nearly 500 married people about their finances, communication with their spouse and whether their spouse expressed gratitude. The most important predictor of marriage quality was gratitude from a spouse, the ...
Gonorrhea Becoming More Resistant to One Antibiotic: CDC
Gonorrhea Becoming More Resistant to One Antibiotic: CDC TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- One of several antibiotic treatment options for the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea seems to be losing its effectiveness, U.S. health officials warn in a new report. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's latest tracking suggests that although resistance to the antibiotic treatment cefixime went down between 2011 and 2013, it started to creep back up in 2014. The good news is that cef...
Gene Therapy in Dogs Shows Promise for Muscular Dystrophy
Gene Therapy in Dogs Shows Promise for Muscular Dystrophy MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Using gene therapy, researchers report they've successfully treated muscular dystrophy in dogs. They believe this could pave the way for clinical trials of the treatment in humans within the next few years. The dogs had Duchenne muscular dystrophy, which is the most common form of the disease in humans and primarily affects boys. Patients lose their ability to walk and breathe as they get older, the resear...
Grades May Sink for Girls Who Are Compulsive Texters
Grades May Sink for Girls Who Are Compulsive Texters TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Compulsive texting can lead to poor school performance for teenage girls, a new study suggests. "It appears that it is the compulsive nature of texting, rather than sheer frequency, that is problematic," said lead researcher Kelly Lister-Landman, who was at Chestnut Hill College in Pennsylvania when the study was conducted. The study involved 211 girls and 192 boys in grades eight and 11 at schools in a semi-r...
Gut Bacteria Tied to Asthma Risk in Kids
Gut Bacteria Tied to Asthma Risk in Kids WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of four types of gut bacteria in infancy may reduce a child's risk for asthma, Canadian researchers report. Most infants get these bacteria naturally from the environment. But some babies are given antibiotics that kill these bacteria, and some are not exposed to them for various reasons, the researchers said. "We now have particular markers that seem to predict asthma later in life," lead researcher Bret...
Genes Help Set Menopause Timing: Study
Genes Help Set Menopause Timing: Study MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic variations seem to have an impact on the ages when a woman enters both puberty and menopause, researchers report. These findings might lead to ways to help predict the timing of menopause, which marks the end of a woman's reproductive phase of life. "Genetics only explains about half of the variability with the other half due to factors such as smoking. So, genetics will never be able to precisely predict a woman's...
Good Posture: A Stance for Better Health
Good Posture: A Stance for Better Health SATURDAY, Sept. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy posture is important for your well-being, but achieving it can be an uphill battle in a high-tech, high-heeled world, experts say. "People who have better posture tend to appear more confident and knowledgeable to others. It makes them feel confident internally as well," said Alynn Kakuk, a physical therapist at the Mayo Clinic Healthy Living Program in Rochester, Minn. Simple exercises and stretching can help ...
Growth Hormone with Suppression (Blood)
Growth Hormone with Suppression (Blood) Does this test have other names? GH What is this test? This test measures the level of growth hormone (GH) in your blood. GH is made in your pituitary gland. It affects height, bone, and muscle growth in children. It affects how adults look and feel, as well as their bone and muscle health. GH is made in a pulse-like manner. Most GH is made while you sleep. When you're awake, little or possibly no GH is found in your blood. That makes it hard to test your GH level...
Growth Hormone with Stimulation (Blood)
Growth Hormone with Stimulation (Blood) Does this test have other names? GH, GHD, arginine, insulin tolerance test or insulin-induced hypoglycemia, clonidine, L-dopa, glucagon, growth-hormone-releasing hormone, GHRH What is this test? This test measures the level of growth hormone (GH) in your blood. GH is made in your pituitary gland. It affects height, bone, and muscle growth in children. It affects how adults look and feel, as well as their bone and muscle health. GH is made in a pulse-like manner. M...
Growth Hormone (Blood)
Growth Hormone (Blood) Does this test have other names? No. What is this test? This test measures the amount of growth hormone (GH) in your blood. GH is made in your pituitary gland. It affects height, bone, and muscle growth in children. It affects how adults feel and look, as well as their bone and muscle health. GH is made in a pulse-like manner. Most GH is made while you sleep. When you're awake, little or possibly no GH is found in your blood. That makes it hard to test your GH level. Specialists h...
Growth Hormone Antibody
Growth Hormone Antibody Does this test have other names? Anti-human GH antibodies, growth hormone neutralizing antibodies What is this test? This test looks for growth hormone (GH) antibodies in your blood. GH is used to manage height issues linked to a growth hormone deficiency (GHD). If your body makes GH antibodies in response to GH treatment, the treatment may not work the way it should. Why do I need this test? You might have this test if your healthcare provider suspects that your GH treatment isn...
Glucose (Urine) Does this test have other names? Urine glucose What is this test? A urine glucose test is used to indirectly determine whether your levels of glucose, or blood sugar, are within a healthy range. It's used to monitor both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. If your blood glucose rises above normal, your kidneys get rid of the extra glucose in your urine. That's why a urine glucose test may be able to determine whether your blood glucose is too high. Although easier to perform than a blood test, a...
Glucose Tolerance Does this test have other names? Oral glucose tolerance test, OGTT What is this test? An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used to screen for diabetes or prediabetes. To start the test, you have a blood glucose test done. Then you will drink a liquid rich in glucose, or sugar. For the next two to three hours, your healthcare provider will draw your blood to check your blood glucose levels and determine your risk for diabetes, prediabetes, or gestational diabetes. In rare instances,...
Glucose (CSF) Does this test have other names? CSF glucose What is this test? This test measures the amount of glucose, or blood sugar, in your cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. People with serious infections that have reached the brain or spinal cord usually have lower glucose levels in their CSF than healthy people do. This test is usually part of an overall look at CSF to help diagnose a central nervous system disorder or infection. Normally, your brain is...
Glucose (Blood) Does this test have other names? Blood sugar, self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), random plasma glucose What is this test? A blood glucose test is a blood test that tells you if your level of glucose, or blood sugar, is within a healthy range. Fasting plasma glucose, or FPG, is a common test used to diagnose and monitor diabetes or prediabetes. Why do I need this test? A healthcare provider may recommend a blood glucose test if you have symptoms of diab...
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Glomerular Filtration Rate Does this test have other names? GFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate, EGFR What is this test? This is either a blood test or a urine test that looks for changes in how your kidneys function. Your kidneys have tiny filters called glomeruli. The filters help remove waste from your blood. Your glomerular filtration rate is the rate at which your blood is filtered each minute. A glomerular filtration rate can be estimated with great accuracy, based on your weight and age. Th...
Giardia Antigen (Stool)
Giardia Antigen (Stool) Does this test have other names? Stool antigen test What is this test? This is a stool sample test to look for the parasite Giardia intestinalis , which causes an infection of the small bowel called giardiasis or travelers' diarrhea. Symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, belly (abdominal) cramps, dehydration, and vague feelings of discomfort. Giardiasis outbreaks are common in daycare centers and among people who travel internationally. Why do I need this test? You might n...
Gastrin Does this test have other names? No. What is this test? This test measures the amount of gastrin in your blood. Gastrin is a hormone made by G cells in the lower part of your stomach. It controls the release of gastric acid by other cells in the stomach when you eat. You need gastric acid to break down your food, but too much gastric acid can cause stomach problems. Why do I need this test? If you have recurrent peptic ulcers, you may have this test to determine whether you also have Zollinger-E...
Gene Mutation for Cystic Fibrosis in Newborns (Blood)
Gene Mutation for Cystic Fibrosis in Newborns (Blood) Does this test have other names? Genetic test for cystic fibrosis What is this test? This is a blood test that screens newborn babies for cystic fibrosis (CF), one of the most common genetic diseases in the U.S. Most cases of CF are diagnosed in babies before their first birthday. CF is a potentially life-threatening condition in which your glands secrete abnormally thick mucus that harms different systems in your body, including the airways and panc...
Graves’ Disease (Hyperthyroidism) in Children
Graves’ Disease (Hyperthyroidism) in Children Hyperthyroidism is a disease in which the thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormone than the body needs. Thyroid Gland - Click to Enlarge This hormone helps control metabolism, the speed at which the body carries out processes like heartbeats. When the body has too much thyroid hormone, the excess can cause these processes to speed up, leading to symptoms like nervousness and weight loss. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the U.S. is an autoimmune d...
Galantamine Hydrobromide Oral capsule, extended-release
Galantamine Hydrobromide Oral capsule, extended-release What is this medicine? GALANTAMINE (ga LAN ta meen) is used to treat mild to moderate dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a full glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take with food and plenty of liquid to reduce stomach upset. Swallow whole. Do not cut crush or chew. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directe...
Gadopentetate Dimeglumine Solution for injection
Gadopentetate Dimeglumine Solution for injection What is this medicine? GADOPENTETATE DIMEGLUMINE (gad o PEN te tate) is a contrast agent. It is used to diagnose abnormalities during a MRI. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 years of age for selected condit...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.