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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Health Highlights: July 28, 2015
Health Highlights: July 28, 2015 Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Linked to Human Feces, Toilet Paper in Mexican Cilantro Fields An outbreak of cyclosporiasis in Texas has been linked to human feces and toilet paper found in cilantro growing fields in Puebla, Mexico, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. As a result, Mexican cilantro is being detained at the border and products from Puebla cannot enter t...
Health Tip: Offer Support to Seniors
Health Tip: Offer Support to Seniors (HealthDay News) -- Significant life changes, from losing a loved one to developing a health problem, can be particularly difficult for seniors. The American Academy of Family Physicians suggests how to help: Learn about how people grieve and the normal stages of grief. Listen to your loved one speak about losses and feelings, even if you're not sure what to say. It's OK not to say anything, just to listen. Make a specific offer to help, rather than asking what you c...
Health Tip: Protect Your Heart From Stress and Depression
Health Tip: Protect Your Heart From Stress and Depression (HealthDay News) -- Your heart may pay a price when you're stressed or depressed. But there are things you can do to help lighten the burden. The American Heart Association recommends: Identify the source of your stress or depression, and find ways to cope with it. This may mean psychological therapy. Practice healthy habits, such as by taking a daily walk, but don't push yourself too hard, too fast. Devise a healthier meal plan. Don't reach for ...
Heart Disease, Alzheimer's Linked by Common Risk Factors
Heart Disease, Alzheimer's Linked by Common Risk Factors TUESDAY, July 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some risk factors for heart disease may also be linked with Alzheimer's and other types of dementia, a new study reports. "We already know that vascular risk factors damage the brain and can result in cognitive [mental] impairment," study lead author Dr. Kevin King said in a news release from the journal Radiology . "Our findings give us a more concrete idea about the relationship between specific vascula...
High Blood Sugar May Boost Alzheimer's Risk
High Blood Sugar May Boost Alzheimer's Risk MONDAY, July 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- High blood sugar associated with prediabetes may increase the risk for Alzheimer's disease, a new study suggests. Researchers found that insulin resistance -- higher-than-normal levels of blood sugar that often precede type 2 diabetes -- was related to poorer performance on memory tests taken by late-middle-age adults. "The findings are interesting because people with diabetes are at increased risk for developing Alzhe...
Health Highlights: July 27, 2015
Health Highlights: July 27, 2015 Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: Spinal Cord Injury Patients Able to Stand Again Four men paralyzed from the chest down were able to get out of their wheelchairs on their own due to a breakthrough in spinal cord injury research. The men had electrical stimulators surgically implanted in their spines and are working toward regaining the ability to walk, CNN reported. Along with being able to stand up f...
Health Tip: When Heel Pain is Afoot
Health Tip: When Heel Pain is Afoot (HealthDay News) -- Pain in the heel may range from a minor nuisance to disabling. The American Podiatric Medical Association mentions these possible causes: Formation of a spur, a non-cancerous bony growth, in this case on the bottom of the heel. Plantar fasciitis, in which the thick band of tissue at the bottom of the foot becomes inflamed. Pronation, in which the foot turns too much toward the inside. This can stretch ligaments attached to the heel. Achilles tendin...
Health Tip: Triggers of Swimmer's Ear
Health Tip: Triggers of Swimmer's Ear (HealthDay News) -- Swimmer's ear occurs when water becomes trapped inside. This can cause pain, inflammation and infection. The American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery says potential triggers include: Spending time in a moist environment, such as swimming, bathing or showering. Exposure to bacteria, as may be found in hot tubs or polluted water. Buildup of hairspray or hair dye inside the ear. Injuring skin inside the ear canal. Development of c...
Hypothyroidism in Children
Hypothyroidism in Children Hypothyroidism means that the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone regulates many natural processes of metabolism and growth. Thyroid Gland - Click to Enlarge Congenital hypothyroidism means the condition was present at or before birth. Severe physical and mental developmental delays can occur if congenital hypothyroidism is not identified and treated in a timely matter. Older children may fail to grow properly if any type of hypothyroidism is in...
Hemoglobin E Trait
Hemoglobin E Trait Hemoglobin E trait is a hereditary blood disorder. This means it is inherited from your parents. Facts about hemoglobin E trait Hemoglobin E trait occurs most frequently among people of Southeast Asian descent. Hemoglobin E trait is rare. It happens most often among people with a Thai, Cambodian, Vietnamese, or Laotian background. It can also happen in people of Turkish, Asiatic Indian, Chinese, and Filipino descent. Types of hemoglobin E trait If you inherited the hemoglobin E mutati...
Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocystosis Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disease that usually occurs in infants and young children. It may also occur in adults. Children usually inherit the disease. In adults, many different conditions, including infections and cancer, can cause HLH. If you have HLH, your body's defense system, called your immune system, does not work normally. Certain white blood cells — histiocytes and lymphocytes — attack your other blood cells. These abnormal blood cel...
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or HBOT, is a type of treatment used to speed up healing of carbon monoxide poisoning, gangrene, stubborn wounds, and infections in which tissues are starved for oxygen. If you undergo this therapy, you will enter a special chamber to breathe in pure oxygen in air pressure levels 1.5 to 3 times higher than average. The goal is to fill the blood with enough oxygen to repair tissues and restore normal body function. Facts about hyperbaric oxygen therapy...
How Wounds Heal
How Wounds Heal Most of us take wound healing for granted. If you get a small cut, you may clean and cover it with a bandage, and move on with your life. Yet under that bandage (or in the open air), the body orchestrates a complex cascade of events designed to heal wounds big and small. The basic steps of wound healing are: Stopping the bleeding (hemostasis). When your skin is cut, scraped, or punctured, you usually begin to bleed. Within minutes or even seconds, unless you have a bleeding disorder, blo...
HIV/AIDS and Skin Conditions
HIV/AIDS and Skin Conditions Skin conditions are common in people with HIV/AIDS. Many, including Kaposi sarcoma, thrush, and herpes, are caused by germs that take advantage of a weakened immune system. That's why they are called "opportunistic" infections. Others, like photodermatitis, may be linked to inflammation caused by an overactive immune system as it revives during antiretroviral drug therapy or due to the drugs themselves. Here are some of the more common skin conditions related to HIV/AIDS. Mo...
Hepatitis A Virus Strain HM175 antigen (Formaldehyde inactivated) Suspension for injection
Hepatitis A Virus Strain HM175 antigen (Formaldehyde inactivated) Suspension for injection What is this medicine? HEPATITIS A VACCINE (hep uh TAHY tis A VAK seen) is a vaccine to protect from an infection with the hepatitis A virus. This vaccine does not contain the live virus. It will not cause a hepatitis infection. This vaccine is also used with immunoglobulin to prevent infection in people who have been exposed to hepatitis A. How should I use this medicine? This vaccine is for injection into a musc...
Hepatitis B Virus Subtype ADW2 HBSAG Surface Protein antigen Suspension for injection
Hepatitis B Virus Subtype ADW2 HBSAG Surface Protein antigen Suspension for injection What is this medicine? HEPATITIS B VACCINE (hep uh TAHY tis B VAK seen) is a vaccine. It is used to prevent an infection with the hepatitis B virus. How should I use this medicine? This vaccine is for injection into a muscle. It is given by a health care professional. A copy of Vaccine Information Statements will be given before each vaccination. Read this sheet carefully each time. The sheet may change frequently. Tal...
Heart Attack: Signs and Symptoms
Heart Attacks Millions of Americans suffer heart attacks every year. Explore what happens during a heart attack and what can be done to minimize the damage.
Holter Monitor (Continuous Electrocardiogram, Continuous ECG, Ambulatory ECG Monitoring) Procedure overview What is a Holter monitor? The Holter monitor is a type of electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) used to monitor the ECG tracing continuously for a period of 24 hours or longer. A standard or "resting" ECG is one of the simplest and fastest procedures used to evaluate the heart. Electrodes (small, plastic patches) are placed at certain locations on the chest and abdomen. When the electrodes are connected ...
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery (Open Heart Surgery) Procedure overview What is heart valve repair or replacement surgery? Heart valve repair or replacement surgery is a treatment option for valvular heart disease. When heart valves become damaged or diseased, they may not function properly. Conditions which may cause heart valve dysfunction are valvular stenosis and valvular insufficiency (regurgitation). When one (or more) valve(s) becomes stenotic (stiff), the heart muscle must work harder ...
Heart Transplantation Procedure
Heart Transplantation Procedure (Transplant-Heart, Heart Transplant, Cardiac Transplant) Procedure overview What is a heart transplant? A heart transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove the diseased heart from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor. In order to remove the heart from the donor, two or more doctors must declare the donor brain-dead. Before a person can be put on a waiting list for a heart transplant, a doctor makes the determination that this is the b...
Hysteroscopy Procedure Overview What is a hysteroscopy? Hysteroscopy is the visual examination of the canal of the cervix and interior of the uterus using a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a hysteroscope. The device is inserted through the vagina. Hysteroscopy may be used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The hysteroscope allows for easy visual access to the interior of the cervix and uterus to assess the lining of these structures. Therapeutic maneuvers, such as taking a tissue sample (...
Hysterectomy (Removal of the Uterus) Procedure overview What is a hysterectomy? Click Image to Enlarge Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time. The types of hysterectomy include: Total hysterectomy. Includes the removal of the entire uterus, including the fundus (the part of the uterus above the openings of the fallopian tubes) and the cervix, but not the tubes or ovaries. This is the most common type ...
Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip Replacement Surgery (Total Hip Arthroplasty, Hip Arthroplasty, Total Hip Replacement, Hip Replacement) Procedure overview What is a hip replacement surgery? Hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip with a prosthesis (an artificial joint). This surgery may be considered following a hip fracture (breaking of the bone) or for someone who has severe pain due to arthritis. Various types of arthritis may affect the hip joint. Osteoar...
Home Page - Genitourinary and Kidney Disorders
Topic Index Anatomy of the Urinary System Overview of Kidney Disorders Urology is a surgical specialty that focuses on normal and abnormal problems of the kidney, renal, pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra, penis, and vagina in both boys and girls. Urogenital or genitourinary (GU) are words that refer to the urinary and genital organs. Nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with the kidneys. Many diseases of the GU system in children are present when a child is born. This poses unique challenges tha...
Hydrocele What is a hydrocele? A hydrocele occurs from a build up of fluid in the thin pouch that holds the testes within the scrotum called the tunica vaginalis. Hydrocele. Click to Enlarge. In the fetus, the tunica vaginalis is formed in the abdomen and then moves into the scrotum with the testes. After the pouch is in the testes, it seals off from the abdomen. Hydroceles can be communicating or noncommunicating: Communicating hydrocele. A communicating hydrocele occurs from the incomplete closure of ...
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)? Click Image to Enlarge HUS is a rare condition that can lead to kidney failure in children. Kidney failure develops as a result of destruction of the small, functional structures and vessels inside the kidney. HUS is a serious illness and potentially fatal. However, more than 85% of people with the most common form of HUS recover complete kidney function. What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome? HUS is more common during the su...
Horseshoe Kidney What is a horseshoe kidney? Horseshoe kidney occurs in about 1 in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position in the flank area (area around the side, just above the waist). With horseshoe kidney, however, as the kidneys of the fetus rise from the pelvic area, they fuse together at the lower end or base. By fusing, they form a "U" shape, which gives it the name "horseshoe." One-third of people with horseshoe kidney will have at least o...
Home Page - Transplantation
Topic Index Bone Marrow The Heart The Kidneys The Liver The Lungs Chronic Illness and Transplantation Issues and the Adolescent The first successful adult human kidney transplant was done in 1954. Since then, many successful organ transplants have been done. Transplants now involve every major organ. Transplantation of various organs, tissues, and cells (such as kidneys, hearts, lungs, livers, and bone marrow) are now possible in children. Survival is steadily increasing, and successful transplants now ...
Home Page - Care of the Terminally Ill Child
Topic Index A Child's Concept of Death Discussing Death with Children Anticipatory Grief Physical Needs of the Dying Child Psychosocial Needs of the Dying Child Supportive/Palliative Care Hospice Important Decisions to be Made in the Dying Process The Dying Process Grief and Bereavement A terminally ill child is a child who has no expectation of cure from his or her disease or illness, but who needs as much care and comfort as can be provided. Knowing what a dying child understands about his or her cond...
Hospital Visit / Preoperative Clinic
Hospital Visit/Preoperative Clinic Can my child visit the hospital before surgery? You may request for you and your child to visit and tour the facility prior to surgery. Touring the hospital before surgery can help your child see the sights, sounds, and events he or she will experience the day of surgery. It is a nonthreatening, often reassuring, way to learn about the hospital. If you have questions about how to address your child's particular needs in preparing for surgery, ask if a child life specia...
Home Page - The Child Having Surgery
Topic Index Surgical Overview Preoperative Management Preparing a Child for Surgery Surgery and the Breastfeeding Infant The Day of Surgery Intraoperative Care Postoperative Care Surgery is a way of treating a disease, injury, or other disorder. Surgery means treating the problem with instruments or other physical means. Surgery involves cutting into the skin or other organs to help bring the body back to a healthy state. Surgery can help diagnose a problem, take a sample (biopsy) of a suspicious lump, ...
Home Page - Safety and Injury Prevention
Topic Index Motor Vehicle Safety Fire Safety and Burns Bicycle/In-line Skating/Skateboarding Safety Toy Safety Airway Obstruction Water Safety Sports Safety Falls Firearms Most unintentional injuries occur when children are unsupervised, and many unintentional injuries occur in or around the home. But with proper education, improvements to a child's environment, enforcement of certain safety legislation and regulations, and community involvement, many injuries can be prevented.
Home Page - Respiratory Disorders in Children
Topic Index Anatomy of the Respiratory System Signs of Respiratory Distress Obstructive Sleep Apnea Acute Respiratory Disorders Chronic Respiratory Disorders Respiratory illnesses can include a variety of problems, including colds, flu, runny noses, coughs, and sore throats. Some children may also have chronic illnesses that affect the breathing system, including asthma and cystic fibrosis (CF). If you, a family member, or a friend suffers from a respiratory problem, this information may help you better...
Home Page - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings
Topic Index Accident Statistics Minor Problem vs. a True Emergency Preventing Injuries - How You Can Help Your Child First-Aid Kit Household Safety Checklist Emergency Contact Information Bites and Stings Minor Cuts, Scrapes, and Skin Wounds Superficial Injuries to the Face and Head Eye Trauma Muscle and Joint Injuries Thermal Injuries Poisons There are probably few things more important to you than your child's health and well-being. But even though you may try your best to keep your child healthy and ...
Home Page - Orthopedics
Topic Index The Pediatric Orthopaedics Team Evaluation Procedures Congenital and Hereditary Disorders Growth-Related Disorders Inflammatory and Infectious Disorders Bone Cancer Fractures Crutch Walking Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions Sports Injuries Orthopedics is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, care, and treatment of diseases, disorders, injuries, and other conditions of the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system consists of the body's bones, joints, muscles, te...
Home Page - Oncology
Topic Index About Cancer Chemotherapy Bone Marrow Transplant Leukemia Wilms Tumor Hodgkin Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Osteogenic Sarcoma Ewing Sarcoma Neuroblastoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Retinoblastoma Brain Tumors Hepatoblastoma Germ Cell Tumors Although childhood cancer is rare, about 10,450 children under the age of 15 will diagnosed with cancer in 2014, according to th American Cancer Society. Oncology, the study of cancer and tumors, has made significant progress in the prevention, treatment, and prog...
Hearing Screening Tests for Newborns
Hearing Screening Tests for Newborns It is estimated that serious hearing loss occurs in about 2 to 3 of every 1,000 newborns. Without screening or testing, hearing loss may not be noticed until the baby is more than 1 year old. If hearing loss is not found until later years, the brain's hearing centers will not be properly stimulated. This can affect hearing development, and can delay speech and language. Social and emotional development and success in school may also be affected. Most hearing loss is ...
Home Page - Normal Newborn
Topic Index Preparing for Your New Baby Baby's Care After Birth Newborn Care Newborn Appearance Normal Newborn Behaviors and Activities Bathing and Skin Care Umbilical Cord Care Diapers/Diaper Rash Circumcision Getting to Know Your New Baby Breastfeeding Your Baby Bottle-Feeding Infant Feeding Guide Newborn Complications When to Call Your Physician The New Mother - Taking Care of Yourself After Birth Today, babies have more opportunities than ever before to grow into healthy children, adolescents, and a...
How Milk Is Made
How Milk Is Made How is breast milk made? Many mothers find they can appreciate their babies' breastfeeding patterns or the need for frequent feedings when they understand how breast milk is produced. Initially, hormones play a greater role. After the first one or two weeks postpartum (after the baby is born), milk removal has a greater effect on the amount of milk produced. With the expulsion of the placenta after a baby's birth, a drop in the hormones that maintained the pregnancy soon occurs and allo...
Home Page - Neurological Disorders
Topic Index Overview of the Nervous System Anatomy of the Brain Diagnostic Tests Brain Tumors Congenital and Hereditary Disorders Neurological Disorders in the Newborn Headaches Inflammatory and Infectious Disorders Neuromuscular Disorders Seizures and Epilepsy Neurocutaneous Syndromes Trauma The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates the body's basic functions and activities. It is made up of two major divisions, including the central nervous system (consisting...
Head Injury in Children
Head Injury in Children What is a head injury? Head injuries are one of the most common causes of disability and death in children. The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head, or can be moderate to severe in nature due to a concussion, deep cut or open wound, fractured skull bone(s), or from internal bleeding and damage to the brain. A head injury is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and bloo...
Headaches in Children
Headaches in Children What is a headache? A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area. Headaches can be single or recurrent in nature, and localized to one or more areas of the head and face. What causes a headache? The exact cause of headaches is not completely understood. It is thought that many headaches are the result of tight muscles and dilated, or expanded, blood vessels in the head. Although migraine headaches were previously thought to be due to dilated blood vessels in the brain,...
Home Page - Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Topic Index Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation Psychiatric Treatment Team Knowing When to Seek Treatment for Your Child Developmental Disorders Schizophrenia Tourette's Disorder Mood Disorders Anxiety Disorders Behavior Disorders Eating Disorders Adjustment Disorders Psychological Complications of Chronic Illness Many children and adolescents have mental health problems that interfere with their normal development and daily life activities. Some mental health problems are mild; others are more severe....
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Herpes Zoster (Shingles) What is herpes zoster? Herpes zoster (shingles) is a painful skin rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). This is the same virus that causes chickenpox. After a person has chickenpox, the virus remains inactive in the nerve cells. Years later the virus can become active again. If it does, a red rash or small blisters occur, usually on one side of the body, spreading along a nerve pathway where the virus was inactive. On some occasions, even after the rash is gone, the p...
Home Page - Infectious Diseases in Children
Topic Index All About the Immune System Infectious Diseases Fevers Prevention of Infectious Disease Fighting infectious diseases today is much easier than in the past. With proper hygiene and proper precautions, in addition to numerous vaccines and rapidly advancing medical technology, people are better equipped than ever to avoid getting sick. Prevention is the key to fighting many infectious diseases. Part of preventing the spread of an infectious disease includes proper hand-washing techniques; takin...
Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs)
Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs) What are human parainfluenza viruses? Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are a group of viruses that cause different types of respiratory infections and are most common in children and babies. Most HPIVs usually cause infections of the upper airway, such as a common cold, ear infections, or sore throat. Other infections caused by HPIVs include infections of the lower respiratory tract, such as croup (an infection of the airway below the larynx, or "voice box," that i...
HIV Home Care
HIV Home Care What is HIV? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV infection means that the body's immune system may not fight off infections very well. Your child's body may not be able to fight back against illness, even a simple cold. Additional care is needed for a child with HIV to help him or her remain healthy. How can you keep your child with HIV healthy? One of the best ways to keep your child healthy is to use proper hand-washing techniques. Clean hands help keep ...
Haemophilus Influenzae Infections
Haemophilus Influenzae Infections What is Haemophilus influenzae ? Haemophilus influenzae , or H. influenzae , represents a group of bacteria that may cause different types of infections in infants and children. H. influenzae most commonly causes ear, eye, or sinus infections, and pneumonia. A more serious strain of the bacteria called H. influenzae type b has been nearly abolished in the United States due to the development of an effective vaccine, which has been available since 1988. The more serious ...
Herpes Simplex Virus/Cold Sores
Herpes Simplex Virus/Cold Sores What are cold sores? Cold sores are small blisters around the mouth, caused by the herpes simplex virus. They are sometimes called "fever blisters." The most common strain of the virus that causes cold sores is herpes simplex virus 1. Once infected, the herpes simplex virus becomes dormant (inactive) for long periods of time and may reactivate, during which time cold sores reappear. Episodes of the cold sores usually do not last longer than two weeks. Hot sun, cold wind, ...
Hepatitis in Children
Hepatitis in Children What is hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver and can result in liver cell damage and destruction. What causes hepatitis? Hepatitis in children has many different origins or causes. A child may contract hepatitis from exposure to a viral source. The following is a list of some of the viruses associated with hepatitis: Hepatitis viruses. Five main types of the hepatitis virus have been identified, including hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Cytomegalovirus (CMV). This viru...
Home Page - High-Risk Pregnancy
Topic Index Preconception Care Prenatal Counseling Maternal and Fetal Testing Pregnancy Complications Pregnancy and Medical Conditions Sickle Cell Disease Autoimmune Disease Every family looks forward to a healthy pregnancy and to the birth of a healthy newborn. And, for the vast majority of women, pregnancy follows a fairly routine course. But, for some, there may be unexpected difficulties and challenges along the way with a high-risk pregnancy. Having a high-risk pregnancy means that a woman has a gr...
Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy What is hyperthyroidism? Hyperthyroidism means overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in too much thyroid hormone in the bloodstream. The oversecretion of thyroid hormones leads to overactivity of the body's metabolism. Although there are several forms of hyperthyroidism, the most common is Graves' disease. What is Graves' disease? Graves' disease is most often associated with hyperthyroidism and is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy. Researchers...
Hyperemesis Gravidarum What is hyperemesis gravidarum? Most pregnant women have some nausea and sometimes vomiting in the first trimester. This is called morning sickness, as these symptoms are often more severe in the morning. Some women may have nausea and vomiting throughout the pregnancy. The cause of morning sickness may be due to the changes in hormone levels during pregnancy. A few women develop a severe form of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy called hyperemesis gravidarum. With this condition, ...
HELLP Syndrome What is HELLP syndrome? HELLP syndrome is a disorder related to preeclampsia and eclampsia (high blood pressure problems of pregnancy). The actual incidence is not known, but it appears to develop in 1 to 2 out of 1,000 pregnancies, and in 10% to 20% of pregnant women with severe preeclampsia or eclampsia. It usually develops before delivery but may occur after delivery as well. HELLP syndrome consists of the following problems: Hemolysis--red blood cells break down. Elevated liver enzyme...
Heart Disease and Pregnancy
Pregnancy and Pre-existing Heart Disease Your heart in pregnancy Your heart is the hardest working muscle in your body. Located almost in the center of your chest, your heart is about the size of one fist. Beating at an average rate of 80 times a minute, your heart beats about 115,000 times in one day, or 42 million times in a year. During an average lifetime, your heart will beat more than three billion times. It pumps an amount of blood that equals about one million barrels. Even at rest, your heart c...
Home Page - High-Risk Newborn
Topic Index The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Assessments of Newborn Babies Caring for Babies in the NICU Common Conditions and Complications Parenting in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Breastfeeding the High-Risk Newborn Taking Your Baby Home Every family looks forward to the birth of a healthy newborn. It is an exciting time with so much to enjoy. In some cases, though, unexpected difficulties and challenges occur along the way. Some newborns are considered high risk. This means that a ...
Hypocalcemia What is hypocalcemia? Hypocalcemia is when there isn't enough calcium in the blood. Hypocalcemia in babies is called neonatal hypocalcemia. Your baby can get it at different times and from different causes. Early hypocalcemia happens in the first two to three days of life. Late hypocalcemia starts in the first week or weeks after birth, usually after several days of formula feedings. Some formulas have high levels of a chemical called phosphate. This can lower blood calcium levels. What cau...
Hyperbilirubinemia and Jaundice
Hyperbilirubinemia and Jaundice What is hyperbilirubinemia? Hyperbilirubinemia is a condition in which there is too much bilirubin in the blood. When red blood cells break down, a substance called bilirubin is formed. Babies are not easily able to get rid of the bilirubin and it can build up in the blood and other tissues and fluids of the baby's body. This is called hyperbilirubinemia. Because bilirubin has a pigment or coloring, it causes a yellowing of the baby's skin, eyes, and other tissues. This i...
Hydrops Fetalis What is hydrops fetalis? Hydrops fetalis is a severe, life-threatening problem of severe swelling (edema) in the fetus and newborn. It is also called hydrops. There are 2 types of hydrops: Immune . This results when the mother's immune system causes a breakdown of red blood cells in the fetus. This is the most dangerous complication of blood group incompatibility between the mother and baby. This type of hydrops is uncommon, however, because of the widespread use of Rh immunoglobulin tre...
Hypospadias What is hypospadias? Hypospadias is a malformation that affects the urethral tube and the foreskin on a male's penis. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Hypospadias is a disorder in which the male urethral opening is not located at the tip of the penis. The urethral opening can be located anywhere along the urethra. Most commonly with hypospadias, the opening is located along the underside of the penis, near the tip. What causes hypospadia...
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Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.
1401 Medical Parkway, Cedar Park, TX 78613
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.