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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Low-Income HIV Patients May Be Doing Better on Obamacare
Low-Income HIV Patients May Be Doing Better on Obamacare THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Low-income HIV patients who enrolled in Obamacare may be faring better than they did on traditional state assistance, a new study suggests. At least that's the case in Virginia, where the study was done. Researchers found that people infected with HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) who switched from the state's drug-assistance program to an Obamacare insurance plan had greater odds of gaining better control...
Less-Invasive Surgery May Not Be Best Option for Rectal Cancer
Less-Invasive Surgery May Not Be Best Option for Rectal Cancer TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Minimally invasive surgery does not match standard surgery for the treatment of rectal cancer, new research indicates. The finding is based on a pair of studies, one conducted in the United States and Canada, and the other conducted in Australia and New Zealand. "Back in 2000, research concluded that rectal cancer can be treated with a minimally invasive laparoscopic approach that uses small holes in...
Less Sleep May Mean Less Sex After Menopause
Less Sleep May Mean Less Sex After Menopause WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Too little sleep may lead to too little intimacy for postmenopausal women, a new study finds. The study included nearly 94,000 women who were asked about their sleep habits during the previous four weeks. They were also asked about their sexual activity during the past year, and their levels of sexual satisfaction. The women were all between the ages of 50 and 79, the researchers said. Thirty percent of women had ...
Lower Drinking Age May Bring More High School Dropouts
Lower Drinking Age May Bring More High School Dropouts MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lowering the legal drinking age from 21 to 18 might lead to a surprising consequence -- more high school dropouts. So claims a new study that found U.S. high school dropout rates increased between 4 percent and 13 percent in the 1970s and 1980s, a time when many states lowered the legal drinking age to 18. Dropout rates among black and Hispanic students rose more than among white students, the study reveale...
LDL Cholesterol Does this test have other names? Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL-C What is this test? This test measures the amount of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) in your blood. LDL cholesterol is often called "bad" cholesterol because it causes plaque to build up inside your arteries and leads to heart disease. Cholesterol screening is recommended for men older than 35 and women older than 45. If you have risk factors for heart disease, such as a family history of heart disease...
Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoenzymes
Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoenzymes Does this test have other names? LDH, lactic dehydrogenase What is this test? This is a blood test to measure the different LDH isoenzymes that may be in your blood. Enzymes are proteins that cause chemical reactions in your body and provide energy. LDH enzymes are found in many tissues in the body, including the heart, red blood cells, liver, kidneys, brain, lungs, and skeletal muscles. LDH exists in five forms, or isoenzymes. Each isoenzyme has a slightly different str...
Lactate Dehydrogenase (CSF)
Lactate Dehydrogenase (CSF) Does this test have other names? Lactic acid dehydrogenase (CSF), LDH CSF What is this test? This test measures the amount of the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in your cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is the clear liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Enzymes are catalysts, or chemicals in your tissues and organs that cause the reactions necessary to provide energy to your cells. This test can help diagnose diseases and conditions that affect your central nervou...
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Langerhans cell histiocytosis, also called histiocytosis X, is a condition in which the level of a type of immune cell, called a Langerhans cell, is abnormally high. While Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been considered to be a type of cancer or a condition similar to cancer, researchers are now discovering that it is more likely tied to an autoimmune response and occurs when the body's immune system attacks itself. What is Langerhans cell histiocytosis? Langerhans cell h...
Living with Aplastic Anemia
Living with Aplastic Anemia Aplastic anemia is a rare blood disorder that may be diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults. Click Image to Enlarge Aplastic anemia happens when bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones, doesn’t produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen through the bloodstream to all areas of the body. White blood cells fight infections, and platelets help blood clot if bleeding starts. Why some children have this bone marrow pro...
Lumbar Disk Replacement
Lumbar Disk Replacement (Artificial Disk Replacement in the Lumbar Spine) Procedure overview A lumbar disk replacement is a type of back surgery. It involves replacing a worn or degenerated disk in the lower part of your spine with an artificial replacement made of medical-grade metal or a combination of medical-grade metal and medical-grade plastic. Lumbar disk replacement is a relatively new procedure to relieve back pain. It gained FDA approval in 2004. It is generally seen as an alternative to the m...
Long QT Syndrome
Long QT Syndrome Your heartbeat is a complex bodily function — many systems must work in unison. Disruptions in the electrical activity of your heart can lead to problems. Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is one of them. LQTS is a rare heart disorder. Its name stems from a reading on the electrocardiogram (ECG) machine, which doctors use to evaluate your heartbeat. The ECG machine records and measures each of your heartbeats as five “waves.” Each wave has a different letter designation: P, Q, R, S, and T. The re...
Levomefolate Oral tablet
Levomefolate Oral tablet What is this medicine? LEVOMEFOLATE is a medical food. It is used together with medicines to manage depression and schizophrenia. How should I use this medicine? Take this medical food by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on your prescription label. You can take it with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. ...
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? LEVETIRACETAM (lee ve tye RA se tam) is an antiepileptic drug. It is used with other medicines to treat certain types of seizures. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed...
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Oral capsule
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Oral capsule What is this medicine? LISDEXAMFETAMINE (lis DEX am fet a meen) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children. It is also used to treat binge-eating disorder in adults. Federal law prohibits giving this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription l...
Lithium Oral solution
Lithium Oral solution What is this medicine? LITHIUM (LITH ee um) is used to prevent and treat the manic episodes caused by manic-depressive illness. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. Mix the syrup with fruit juice or other flavored drink before taking to impr...
Lithium Carbonate Oral tablet, extended-release
Lithium Carbonate Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? LITHIUM (LITH ee um) is used to prevent and treat the manic episodes caused by manic-depressive illness. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Swallow the tablets whole. Do not break, crush or chew. Take after a meal or snack to avoid stomach upset. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. The...
Linseed oil, Linoleic Acid, Oleic Acid, Fatty acids Oral capsule, liquid filled
Linseed oil, Linoleic Acid, Oleic Acid, Fatty acids Oral capsule, liquid filled What is this medicine? FLAXSEED (FLAKS seed), also known as LINSEED (LIN seed), is a dietary supplement. Flaxseed is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. It is promoted for heart, skin, and immune system health. The FDA has not approved this supplement for any medical use. This supplement may be used for other purposes; ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions. How should I use this medicine? Take by mouth w...
Leflunomide Oral tablet
Leflunomide Oral tablet What is this medicine? LEFLUNOMIDE (le FLOO na mide) is for rheumatoid arthritis. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a full glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed. What side effects m...
Lidocaine Transdermal patch - 24 hour
Lidocaine Transdermal patch - 24 hour What is this medicine? LIDOCAINE (LYE doe kane) causes loss of feeling in the skin and surrounding area. The medicine helps treat nerve pain from herpes (shingles) infection. How should I use this medicine? Apply the patches over the most painful areas of skin. Make sure the skin does not have any open sores or rashes. If irritation or burning feelings occur, remove the patch or patches, and do not apply the patch again until the irritation resolves. Do not touch yo...
Lidocaine Hydrochloride Oromucosal solution
Lidocaine Hydrochloride Oromucosal solution What is this medicine? LIDOCAINE (LYE doe kane) is a local anesthetic. It causes loss of feeling in the skin and surrounding tissues. How should I use this medicine? The medicine is for topical use in the mouth or throat. Do not swallow this medicine unless you have been told to. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure the solution. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. If you have a sore plac...
Lung Transplantation Procedure
Lung Transplantation Procedure (Transplant-Lung, Lung Transplant, Lung Graft) Procedure overview What is a lung transplant? A lung transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove one or both diseased lungs from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from another person. The majority of lungs that are transplanted come from deceased organ donors. This type of transplant is called a cadaveric transplant. Healthy, nonsmoking adults who make a good match may be able to donate a part (a lobe) of ...
Lung Scan (Perfusion Lung Scan, Lung Perfusion Scintigraphy, Radionuclide Pulmonary Scan, Ventilation-Perfusion Scan, V/Q Scan) Procedure overview What is a lung scan? A lung scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine the lungs to identify certain conditions. A lung scan may also be used to follow the progress of treatment of certain conditions. A lung scan is a type of nuclear radiology procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance is used during the procedure to as...
Lung Biopsy (Biopsy-Lung, Closed Lung Biopsy, Transthoracic Needle Lung Biopsy, Percutaneous Needle Lung Biopsy, Transbronchial Lung Biopsy, Pulmonary Biopsy, Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery, VATS) Procedure overview What is a lung biopsy? A biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue or cells from the body for examination under a microscope. A lung biopsy is a procedure in which samples of lung tissue are removed (with a special biopsy needle or during surgery) to determine if lung disease or canc...
Lobectomy (Thoracotomy, Thoracoscopic Lobectomy, Removal of a Lobe of the Lungs, Lung Surgery) Procedure overview What is a lobectomy? A lobectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove one of the lobes of the lungs. The procedure may be performed when an abnormality has been detected in a specific part of the lung. When only the affected lobe of the lung is removed, the remaining healthy tissue is spared to maintain adequate lung function. A lobectomy is most often performed during a surgical proc...
Lithotripsy (Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy, ESWL, Shock Wave Lithotripsy) Procedure overview What is lithotripsy? Lithotripsy is a noninvasive (the skin is not pierced) procedure used to treat kidney stones that are too large to pass through the urinary tract. Lithotripsy treats kidney stones by sending focused ultrasonic energy or shock waves directly to the stone first located with fluoroscopy (a type of X-ray “movie”) or ultrasound (high frequency sound waves). The shock waves break a large st...
Liver Transplantation Procedure
Liver Transplantation Procedure (Liver Transplant, Hepatic Transplant) What is a liver transplant? A liver transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person. The liver may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living donor. Family members or individuals who are unrelated but make a good match may be able to donate a portion of their liver. This type of transplant is called a living transplant. Individuals who donate a portion of their ...
Liver Scan (Liver-Spleen Scan, Liver Scintigraphy) Procedure overview What is a liver scan? A liver scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine the liver to identify certain conditions or to assess the function of the liver. A liver scan may also be used to follow the progress of treatment of certain conditions. This procedure may also be referred to as a liver-spleen scan because the spleen often is examined as well due to its proximity and close functional relationship to the liver. A li...
Liver Biopsy (Biopsy-Liver, Percutaneous Liver Biopsy) Procedure overview What is a liver biopsy? A liver biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples from the liver are removed for examination under a microscope to look for signs of damage or disease. It is used to diagnose many liver conditions. During a liver biopsy, tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present, or to determine how well the liver is working. There are three types of live...
Laminectomy (Lumbar Laminectomy, Cervical Laminectomy, Decompressive Laminectomy, Back Surgery, Disk Surgery) Procedure overview What is a laminectomy? Back pain that interferes with normal daily activities may require surgery for treatment. Laminectomy is a type of surgery in which a surgeon removes part or all of the vertebral bone (lamina) to relieve compression of the spinal cord or the nerve roots that may be caused by injury, herniated disk, spinal stenosis (narrowing of the canal), or tumors. A l...
Lung Transplantation in Children
Lung Transplantation in Children What is a lung transplant? A lung transplant is surgery to remove one or both diseased lungs from a patient and replace them with healthy ones from another person. The majority of lungs that are transplanted come from people who have died and donated their organs. This type of transplant is called a cadaveric transplant. Healthy, nonsmoking adults who make a good match may be able to donate a part (a lobe) of one of their lungs. This type of transplant is called a living...
Low Milk Production
Low Milk Production What causes low milk production? Occasionally, a delay in the time when milk "comes in" turns into an ongoing problem with low milk production. Sometimes, a mother has been producing sufficient amounts of milk, and then milk production slowly, or quite suddenly, decreases. Some of the conditions associated with a delay may also have an ongoing effect on milk production, including, but not limited to, the following: Severe postpartum hemorrhage (excessive bleeding) Retained placental ...
Lacerations With Stitches
Lacerations With Stitches What is a laceration? A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. Lacerations may be small, and need only minor treatment at home, or may be large enough to require emergency medical care. What are stitches? Stitches, also called sutures, are special types of thread that hold wound edges together while they heal. Stitches help speed healing, stop bleeding, reduce scarring, and decrease the chance of infection in the wound. What are Steri-Strips? Sterile adh...
Lacerations Without Stitches
Lacerations (Cuts) Without Stitches What is a laceration? A laceration is cut, tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. These cuts may be small, and need only minor treatment at home. Or, may be large enough to require emergency medical care. How do I know if my child's cut needs stitches? Cuts that do not involve fat or muscle tissue (superficial), are not bleeding heavily, are less than 1/2 inch long and do not involve the face can usually be managed at home without stitches. The goals of cari...
Latching On or Sucking
Latching On or Sucking A baby must be able to effectively remove milk from the breast during breastfeeding if he or she is to obtain enough milk to gain weight and "tell" the breasts to increase or maintain milk production. Therefore, ineffective milk removal can result in poor weight gain due to inadequate intake of milk by the baby, which is then followed by a drop in the amount of milk being produced for the baby. A baby's ability to suck and remove milk may be affected in different ways. Prematurity...
Listeriosis What is listeriosis? Listeriosis is a food-borne illness transmitted by bacteria in contaminated food. The listeria organism has been found in a variety of raw foods, such as uncooked meats and vegetables, as well as in processed foods that become contaminated after processing, such as soft cheeses and cold cuts at the deli counter. Unpasteurized (raw) milk or foods made from unpasteurized milk may contain the bacterium. Infection occurs after eating a contaminated food. It is most common du...
Large for Gestational Age (LGA)
Large for Gestational Age (LGA) What is LGA? Large for gestational age (LGA) is how health professionals describe newborns who weighing more than the usual amount for the number of weeks of pregnancy. Babies are called LGA if they weigh more than 90 percent of all babies of the same gestational age. The average baby weighs about 7 pounds at birth. About 9 percent of all babies weigh more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces (4,000 grams). Rarely do babies weigh over 10 pounds. Although most LGA babies are born at t...
Low Birthweight What is low birthweight? Low birthweight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 2,500 grams (5 pounds, 8 ounces). The weight of an average newborn is usually around 8 pounds. Over 8 percent of all newborn babies in the United States have low birthweight, and the number is rising. Babies with low birthweight look much smaller than other babies of normal birthweight. A low birthweight baby's head may look bigger than the rest of his or her body. He or she often l...
Lymphatic Malformations What is a lymphatic malformation? A lymphatic malformation is a mass in the head or neck that results from an abnormal formation of lymphatic vessels. Lymphatic vessels are small canals that lie near blood vessels and help carry tissue fluids from within the body to the lymph nodes and back to the bloodstream. There are 2 main types of lymphatic malformations: Lymphangioma. A group of lymphatic vessels that form a mass or lump. A cavernous lymphangioma contains greatly enlarged l...
Lymphadenopathy What is lymphadenopathy? Lymphadenopathy is the term for swelling of the lymph nodes. These are the bean-shaped organs found in the underarm, groin, neck, chest, and abdomen. They act as filters for the lymph fluid as it circulates through the body. Lymphadenopathy can occur in just one area of the body, such as the neck, or it may be generalized, with lymph node enlargement in several areas. The cervical lymph nodes found in the neck are the most common site of lymphadenopathy. What cau...
Lactose Intolerance in Children
Lactose Intolerance in Children What is lactose intolerance? Lactose intolerance is a condition caused when a person can't make enough of an enzyme called lactase. Without enough lactase, the body can't digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and milk products. Lactase is normally made by cells lining the small intestine where it breaks lactose down into a form that can be absorbed by the blood. A lack of lactase can cause uncomfortable symptoms for some people. Those who do have symptoms are said to be l...
Lice (Pediculosis) What are lice? Lice are tiny insects that can infest the skin anywhere on the body. Lice infection is characterized by intense itching. Lice are highly contagious, spreading from person to person by close body contact, shared clothes, and other items (such as hats, hairbrushes, and combs). There are 3 types of human lice: Head lice Body lice Pubic lice Facts about lice Head lice Head lice are seen mostly in child care settings and among school-aged children. Infestations cross geograp...
Living With Congenital Heart Disease
Living With Congenital Heart Disease Living with congenital (present at birth) heart disease requires special care for your child. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding some special considerations. Growth and Development Emotional and Family Issues
Lunchbox Hygiene Helps Prevent Foodborne Illness, Expert Says
Lunchbox Hygiene Helps Prevent Foodborne Illness, Expert Says MONDAY, Aug. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Keeping children's lunchboxes clean helps protect them from foodborne illness, an expert says. That's because dirty lunchboxes may contain bacteria that can make youngsters sick, explained Natasha Haynes, a family and consumer sciences agent for Mississippi State University. And parents may not be aware of how much grime their kid's lunchbox picks up in a day. "Kids don't always wash their hands befor...
Lupus Patients Face High Rehospitalization Rates
Lupus Patients Face High Rehospitalization Rates MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One in six hospitalized lupus patients requires readmission to the hospital within a month after discharge, according to a new study. While patients' disease severity contributed to readmission rates, other population differences suggest hospitals might be able to reduce rehospitalizations through better discharge plans and by addressing disparities in health care, said Dr. Jinoos Yazdany, lead researcher and asso...
Low Vitamin D Levels May Boost Alzheimer's Risk, Study Finds
Low Vitamin D Levels May Boost Alzheimer's Risk, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Aug. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults with too little vitamin D in their blood may have twice the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease as seniors with sufficient levels of the "sunshine vitamin," a new study finds. The research -- based on more than 1,600 adults over age 65 -- found the risk for Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia increased with the severity of vitamin D deficiency. But the findings aren't enough to re...
Lidocaine Injection May Help Treat Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
Lidocaine Injection May Help Treat Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests TUESDAY, Aug. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The pain of fibromyalgia might be eased with injections of the painkiller lidocaine, a new study suggests. People with fibromyalgia complain of chronic pain throughout their body as well as an increased sensitivity to pain. Doctors often have trouble treating this pain because it's unclear what causes it, the study authors noted. In the new study, injecting lidocaine into peripheral tissues -- such ...
Less Flexibility Seen in Brain Wiring of Kids With Autism: Study
Less Flexibility Seen in Brain Wiring of Kids With Autism: Study TUESDAY, July 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When most children take on a task, various brain connections fire up. But scans showed less of this neuro-boosting activity in kids with autism, according to a small new study. Moreover, children with more severe symptoms of autism displayed even less of this "brain flexibility," the researchers found. "This reduced flexibility often causes difficulty when children with autism are faced with new s...
Lymphoma Treatment May Harm, Halt Men's Sperm Production
Lymphoma Treatment May Harm, Halt Men's Sperm Production FRIDAY, July 25, 2014 (HealthDay -- Treatment for lymphoma may lower men's fertility, new research indicates. Both Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which are cancers of the body's white blood cells, often affect young people who are still in their reproductive years. For men, treatment for these cancers can harm or halt sperm production. Although most men regain their fertility within two years of treatment, the researchers cautioned tha...
Lift U.S. Ban on Blood Donations by Gay Men, Experts Say
Lift U.S. Ban on Blood Donations by Gay Men, Experts Say FRIDAY, July 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The United States should repeal a 30-year policy that bans blood donations from gay and bisexual men, according to a team of medical and legal experts writing this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association . Currently, a man who has ever had sex with another man cannot donate blood in the United States -- a lifetime ban that has been in place since 1983. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration ...
Life Skills, Parenting Classes May Cut Inflammation in Poor Kids
Life Skills, Parenting Classes May Cut Inflammation in Poor Kids MONDAY, July 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Good parenting and life skills coaching seem to reduce inflammation in children from low-income families, a new study suggests. Inflammation is a common problem among poorer children, and can lead to a number of illnesses, according to Northwestern University researchers. "Many health problems in both childhood and adulthood involve excessive inflammation. The process has a role in diabetes, heart ...
Losing Weight May Ease Hot Flashes, Study Finds
Losing Weight May Ease Hot Flashes, Study Finds THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Slimming down may help ease the hot flashes that often accompany menopause, new research suggests. Hot flashes can be debilitating for more than 50 percent of menopausal women, said Dr. Taraneh Shirazian, an assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive science at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. About one-third of menopausal women experience more than 10 hot...
Lung Groups: Governments Should Limit or Ban Use of E-Cigarettes
Lung Groups: Governments Should Limit or Ban Use of E-Cigarettes THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Governments should ban or limit the use of electronic cigarettes until more is known about their health effects, say experts from the world's leading lung organizations. The position statement was issued Wednesday by the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS), which includes more than 70,000 members worldwide. "The gravity of tobacco use on global health and the historical behavior o...
Less May Be More When It Comes to Gallbladder Surgery
Less May Be More When It Comes to Gallbladder Surgery TUESDAY, July 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Less aggressive treatment will likely lead to better outcomes for people having their gallbladders removed, according to a pair of new studies. One study found that people with gallstones do better if doctors just remove their gallbladder, instead of first snaking a scope inside to assess the medical problem. "They were able to show that patients in this group did just as well without testing prior to having ...
Like Humans, Chimps' Smarts May Rely on Genes
Like Humans, Chimps' Smarts May Rely on Genes THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nature, not nurture, may play the bigger role in the innate intelligence of individual chimpanzees, a new study finds. "As is the case in humans, genes matter when it comes to cognitive [thinking] abilities in chimpanzees," William Hopkins of the Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta, said in a news release from the journal Current Biology . The findings might also give insight into the evolution of in...
Latest Study Finds No Link Between Testosterone Supplements, Heart Attack
Latest Study Finds No Link Between Testosterone Supplements, Heart Attack WEDNESDAY, July 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although recent research has linked testosterone therapy with a higher risk for heart attack and stroke, a new study involving more than 25,000 older men suggests otherwise. The study, funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, may help ease some fears about testosterone therapy for patients and their families, the study authors said. "Our investigation was motivated by a growing ...
Less Toxic Transplant Treatment Offers Hope for Sickle Cell Patients
Less Toxic Transplant Treatment Offers Hope for Sickle Cell Patients TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new bone marrow transplant technique for adults with sickle cell disease may "cure" many patients. And it avoids the toxic effects associated with long-term use of anti-rejection drugs, a new study suggests. This experimental technique mixes stem cells from a sibling with the patient's own cells. Of 30 patients treated this way, many stopped using anti-rejection drugs within a year, and avoid...
Liver Cancer Drug Fails to Live Up to Early Promise
Liver Cancer Drug Fails to Live Up to Early Promise TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although it looked promising in early studies, the drug everolimus didn't improve survival for people with advanced liver cancer in its latest trial, a new study found. The findings from the phase 3 clinical trial are disappointing because earlier research suggested that everolimus (Afinitor) prevented tumor progression and improved survival for in advanced liver cancer. Normally, these patients can expect a me...
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to High Blood Pressure
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to High Blood Pressure THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low levels of vitamin D may be a cause of high blood pressure, according to a new study. Previous research has suggested a strong link between low levels of vitamin D and high blood pressure, but a direct cause-and-effect relationship has not been shown. Vitamin D is nicknamed the sunshine vitamin because the body produces vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. People also get vitamin D through foods such as eggs...
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Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.