Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
Luteinizing Hormone (Blood)
Luteinizing Hormone (Blood) Does this test have other names? LH What is this test? This test measures the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) in your blood. LH is made by your pituitary gland. In women, the pituitary sends out LH during the ovulation part of the menstrual cycle. This tells the ovaries to release a mature egg. In men, LH causes the testes to make testosterone. This test can help find out the cause of fertility problems in both men and women. A higher LH level can help a woman find out the ...
Lupus Anticoagulant Does this test have other names? LA, Lupus Anticoagulant Panel, Lupus Inhibitor, LA Sensitive PTT, PTT-LA, Dilute Russell Viper Venom Test, DRVVT, Modified Russell Viper Venom Test, MRVVT What is this test? This is a special blood test to find out if your body is making certain antibodies or proteins that cause you to have a blood-clotting disorder. It does not mean you have lupus, specific type of autoimmune disorder. Antibodies are proteins in the blood that help you fight off fore...
Lecithin-Sphingomyelin Ratio (Amniotic Fluid)
Lecithin-Sphingomyelin Ratio (Amniotic Fluid) Does this test have other names? L/S ratio What is this test? This test measures the amount of two substances, lecithin and sphingomyelin, that are found in the amniotic fluid during pregnancy. The two substances are surfactants. These are chemicals made by the lungs that let them to work properly. Without surfactants, the small air sacs in your lungs (alveoli) would collapse, preventing oxygen from entering the bloodstream. In the last 3 months of pregnancy...
Lipoprotein(a) Cholesterol Does this test have other names? Cholesterol Lp(a), Lp(a) What is this test? This test measures the level of lipoprotein (a), or Lp(a), in your blood. Lipoproteins are made of protein and fat. They carry cholesterol through your blood. Lp(a) is a type of low-density lipoprotein, or LDL ("bad") cholesterol. High levels of Lp(a) can create plaque. This is a buildup of cholesterol that limits blood flow through your arteries. A high level of Lp(a) can be a sign of cholesterol-rel...
Liver Panel Does this test have other names? Liver function test (LFT); hepatic function test; liver function panel (LFP); Alb, Tbil, Dbil, Alk Phos, ALT, Tot Protein What is this test? This group of tests measures specific proteins and enzymes in your blood. Your liver is the second largest organ in your body. It converts the food you eat into energy and nutrients and filters waste from your blood. A liver panel checks the health of your liver and can help diagnose liver damage or disease. The panel co...
Liver Kidney Microsomal Antibody
Liver Kidney Microsomal Antibody Does this test have other names? Antibodies to liver and kidney microsomes, anti-LKM What is this test? This test looks for a certain type of antibody in your child's blood. The antibody is called liver kidney microsomal antibody. Having this antibody may mean that your child has liver damage caused by a form of hepatitis. Hepatitis means a condition in which your liver is inflamed. Some types of hepatitis are caused by the hepatitis viruses, but this test checks for ant...
Lithium Does this test have other names? Lithium levels, serum lithium levels, lithium blood test What is this test? This test measures and monitors the amount of lithium in your blood. Lithium is a medicine used to treat psychiatric illnesses such as bipolar disorders, acute mania, and other mood disorders. This test is used to find out the right dose for you if you're just starting lithium treatment. The test is also used to make sure you continue to get the right amount for as long as you take this m...
Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2
Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 Does this test have other names? Lp-PLA2 What is this test? This test looks for a specific lipoprotein, Lp-PLA2, in your blood. The test is used to help predict your risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Lipids are fats in your blood. Lipoproteins are combinations of fats and proteins that carry the fats in your bloodstream. If you have Lp-PLA2 in your blood, you may have fatty deposits in your arteries that are at risk of rupturing and causing heart disease...
Lipid Panel with Non-HDL Cholesterol
Lipid Panel with Non-HDL Cholesterol Does this test have other names? Non-HDL-C What is this test? This blood test checks the levels of cholesterol in your body. A lipid panel will show the levels of your total cholesterol, your LDL ("bad") cholesterol, and your HDL ("good") cholesterol. In general, the higher your total and LDL cholesterol levels, the higher your risk for coronary heart disease. But some heart attacks happen in people who don't have a high LDL level. Some researchers believe that measu...
Lipid Panel with Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio
Lipid Panel with Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio Does this test have other names? Total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, cholesterol HDL ratio, cholesterol panel What is this test? This group of tests measures the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. Cholesterol and triglycerides are fats (lipids). This panel measures: Total cholesterol HDL ("good") cholesterol LDL ("bad") cholesterol Triglycerides Total cholesterol is a measurement of both good and bad cholesterol. LDL cholesterol moves cho...
Lipid Panel Does this test have other names? Lipid profile, lipoprotein profile What is this test? This group of tests measures the amount of cholesterol and other fats in your blood. Cholesterol and triglycerides are lipids, or fats. These fats are important for cell health, but they can be harmful when they build up in the blood. Sometimes they can lead to clogged, inflamed arteries, a condition call atherosclerosis. This may keep your heart from working normally. This panel of tests helps predict you...
Lipase Does this test have other names? Serum lipase What is this test? This test measures the amount of lipase in your blood. Lipase is an enzyme that is made by your pancreas. It helps your body digest fats. Higher levels of lipase may mean you have a problem with your pancreas. Most often this means acute pancreatitis, or sudden inflammation of the pancreas. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if your healthcare provider suspects that you have a pancreatic disorder. Signs and symptoms of ...
Leptin (Blood) Does this test have other names? Leptin serum test What is this test? This test measures the amount of leptin in your blood. Leptin is a hormone that helps regulate your body weight by controlling your appetite and energy level. This test is used to figure out how much body fat you have. Generally, the amount of leptin in your blood is related to the amount of fat tissue in your body. Leptin is released into your blood by your fat stores. Its main job is to tell your brain to stop eating....
Legionella Antibody Does this test have other names? Legionnaires' disease antibody test, Legionella antibody assay What is this test? This test looks for an antibody that may be in your blood if you have Legionnaires' disease. Legionnaires' disease is a type of pneumonia or serious lung infection caused by bacteria called Legionella. Antibodies are proteins that your immune system makes to fight infection or foreign invaders. The bacteria and the disease get their name because of an outbreak that occur...
Lead (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum lead level, BLL What is this test? This test measures the amount of lead in your child's blood. It can find out whether your child has been exposed to lead. Before 1978, lead was a major ingredient in household paint. It still can be found in older homes and in the soil around them. Children can inhale lead dust or chew on items that use lead-based paint. High levels of lead in the blood can be toxic. Why does my child need this test? If you live in a ...
LDL Cholesterol Does this test have other names? Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL-C What is this test? This test measures the amount of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) in your blood. LDL cholesterol is often called "bad" cholesterol because it causes plaque to build up inside your arteries and leads to heart disease. Cholesterol screening is recommended for all adults ages 20 and older every 4 to 6 years. LDL cholesterol is one of a group of lipoproteins that can indicate heart disea...
Lactose Tolerance Hydrogen (Breath)
Lactose Tolerance Hydrogen (Breath) Does this test have other names? Hydrogen breath test, HBT, lactose breath test What is this test? This test measures the amount of hydrogen gas in your breath at regular intervals. It will show how well your body breaks down lactose, the sugar found in dairy products, and fructose, the sugar in fruit. This test also shows whether you have a high amount of bacteria in your small intestine. Normally, the lactose you eat is broken down in your small intestine. If it can...
Lactose Tolerance (Blood)
Lactose Tolerance (Blood) Does this test have any other names? Lactose tolerance serum test What is this test? This is a test to see whether your body is able to break down lactose. Lactose is a type of sugar found in milk, cheese, ice cream, and other dairy products. Lactase, an enzyme in your stomach, breaks down lactose into two simple sugars: glucose and galactose. Within 2 hours of eating, your blood glucose level should rise. This blood test measures the increase. Why do I need this test? You may ...
Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase (Blood)
Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase (Blood) Does this test have other names? Lactic dehydrogenase, LDH, lactate dehydrogenase What is this test? This is a blood test that measures the level of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in your body. LDH is an enzyme, or catalyst, found in many different tissues in your body. These include your red blood cells, skeletal muscles, kidneys, brain, and lungs. When your LDH rises, it means that tissues may have been damaged or are diseased. Why do I need this test? You may have this t...
Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoenzymes
Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoenzymes Does this test have other names? LDH, lactic dehydrogenase What is this test? This is a blood test to measure the different LDH isoenzymes that may be in your blood. Enzymes are proteins that cause chemical reactions in your body and provide energy. LDH enzymes are found in many tissues in the body, including the heart, red blood cells, liver, kidneys, brain, lungs, and skeletal muscles. LDH exists in five forms, or isoenzymes. Each isoenzyme has a slightly different str...
Lactate Dehydrogenase (CSF)
Lactate Dehydrogenase (CSF) Does this test have other names? Lactic acid dehydrogenase (CSF), LDH CSF What is this test? This test measures the amount of the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in your cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is the clear liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Enzymes are catalysts, or chemicals in your tissues and organs that cause the reactions necessary to provide energy to your cells. This test can help diagnose diseases and conditions that affect your central nervou...
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Langerhans cell histiocytosis, also called histiocytosis X, is a condition in which the level of a type of immune cell, called a Langerhans cell, is abnormally high. While Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been considered to be a type of cancer or a condition similar to cancer, researchers are now discovering that it is more likely tied to an autoimmune response and occurs when the body's immune system attacks itself. What is Langerhans cell histiocytosis? Langerhans cell h...
Living with Aplastic Anemia
Living with Aplastic Anemia Aplastic anemia is a rare blood disorder that may be diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults. Click Image to Enlarge Aplastic anemia happens when bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones, doesn’t produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen through the bloodstream to all areas of the body. White blood cells fight infections, and platelets help blood clot if bleeding starts. Why some children have this bone marrow pro...
Lithotripsy Podcast Detailed information on lithotripsy, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care. Play Audio
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding What is laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding? Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the least invasive operations available for obesity. It’s done with a few tiny abdominal cuts, instead of with one large cut. The surgeon puts instruments through the cuts. One of those instruments is a laparoscope, a tool with a tiny camera. The surgeon uses these tools to place a band around the top portion of the stomach, leaving a very small pouch availabl...
Liposuction What is liposuction? Liposuction is a surgical procedure that removes fat from the body. This is done through a thin, hollow metal tube called a cannula. The cannula sucks out the fat much like a vacuum. This is the most common form of liposuction surgery. It’s called suction-assisted liposuction (SAL). Another form of this procedure is power-assisted liposuction (PAL). It uses a motor attached to the cannula to speed the rate of fat removal. Other procedures use sound waves or lasers to enh...
Lumbar Disk Replacement
Lumbar Disk Replacement What is a lumbar disk replacement? A lumbar disk replacement is a type of back or spine surgery. Your spine is made up of bones called vertebrae that are stacked on top of each other. Disks between the vertebrae work like cushions to allow the vertebrae to rotate and move without the bones rubbing against each other. The lumbar vertebrae and disks are at the bottom of your spine. Lumbar disk replacement involves replacing a worn or degenerated disk in the lower part of your spine...
Lymphadenitis What is lymphadenitis? Lymphadenitis is the medical term for an infection in one or more lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are filled with white blood cells that help your body fight off infections. When lymph nodes become infected, it's usually because an infection started somewhere else in your body. You have about 600 lymph nodes in your body, but normal lymph nodes may only be felt below your jaw, under your arms, and in your groin area. A normal lymph node is small and firm. When lymph nodes b...
Lambert-Eaton Syndrome What is Lambert-Eaton syndrome? Lambert-Eaton syndrome, also known as Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, is a condition in which the immune system attacks the neuromuscular junctions — the areas where your nerves and muscles connect. Normally, your nerve cells pass signals along to your muscle cells. These signals help your muscles move. Because Lambert-Eaton syndrome affects the way your nerves and muscles communicate, making it difficult to move your muscles as you normally woul...
Long QT Syndrome
Long QT Syndrome What is long QT syndrome? Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a disease that you can inherit or acquire. It affects the bottom pumping chambers of the heart (ventricles). It can cause a dangerous rapid heart rate and abnormal rhythm. The heart has both muscular and electrical components. When electricity flows through the heart muscle, it is triggered to squeeze or beat. Heart muscle cells use highly coordinated ion channels to regulate the flow of electricity to generate normal heartbeats. Ion ...
Lichen Planus Lichen planus is a common disease that causes inflammation (swelling and irritation) on your skin or inside your mouth. On your skin, lichen planus causes a rash that is usually itchy. Inside your mouth, it may cause burning or soreness. The cause of lichen planus is usually not known, although possible causes include: Hepatitis C, a virus that attacks your liver Certain medicines, including some drugs used to treat high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and malaria Reactions to met...
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis What is lumbar spinal stenosis? Your spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs through a tunnel formed by your vertebrae. The tunnel is called the spinal canal . Lumbar spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower part of your back. Stenosis which means narrowing, can cause pressure on your spinal cord or the nerves that go from your spinal cord to your muscles. Spinal stenosis can happen in any part of your spine but is most common in the lower back. This par...
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Overview
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Overview If you are severely overweight, obesity surgery may be a choice for you. Obesity surgery is also called bariatric surgery. Your healthcare provider may recommend it if you have a body mass index (BMI) higher than 40. A BMI of greater than 40 typically means that you are about 100 pounds overweight. One of the newer choices for bariatric surgery is called laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The LSG procedure LSG surgery is done in a hospital under general anest...
Lifestyle and Medical History Affect Cancer Risk: Facts for Gay and Bisexual Men
Lifestyle and Medical History Affect Cancer Risk: Facts for Gay and Bisexual Men Gay and bisexual men are at higher risk of developing certain cancers. Those cancers to be most aware of are discussed here. Lung cancer Gay and bisexual men are more likely to smoke, which increases their risk for lung cancer. More than 33% of gay and bisexual men smoke, compared with slightly more than 21% of heterosexual men. Because about 87% of people with lung cancer developed it as a result of smoking, the increased ...
Living with an Ostomy
Living with an Ostomy When your body can't get rid of waste in the normal way, you may need an ostomy. This can happen because of a disease or a medical procedure. An ostomy is an opening that is created surgically somewhere on the body to help get rid of stool or urine. The waste is collected in a removable bag, called a pouch. The pouch is on the outside of the body and can be emptied as needed. Ostomies often get confused with stomas, but they are different medical terms. Ostomy means the opening its...
Levomefolate Oral tablet
Levomefolate Oral tablet What is this medicine? LEVOMEFOLATE is a medical food. It is used together with medicines to manage depression and schizophrenia. How should I use this medicine? Take this medical food by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on your prescription label. You can take it with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. ...
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? LEVETIRACETAM (lee ve tye RA se tam) is an antiepileptic drug. It is used with other medicines to treat certain types of seizures. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed...
Levoleucovorin Solution for injection
Levoleucovorin Solution for injection What is this medicine? LEVOLEUCOVORIN (LEE voe LOO koe VOE rin) is used to prevent or treat the harmful effects of some chemotherapy medicines like methotrexate. It is also used with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to treat colon cancer. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug m...
Lanreotide Solution for injection
Lanreotide Solution for injection What is this medicine? LANREOTIDE (lan REE oh tide) is used to reduce blood levels of growth hormone in patients with a condition called acromegaly. It also works to slow or stop tumor growth in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (GEP-NET). How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Contact your pediatrician or health care professional re...
Lenalidomide Oral capsule
Lenalidomide Oral capsule What is this medicine? LENALIDOMIDE (len a LID oh mide) is a chemotherapy drug that targets specific proteins within cancer cells and stops the cancer cell from growing. It is used to treat multiple myeloma, mantle cell lymphoma, and some myelodysplastic syndromes that cause severe anemia requiring blood transfusions. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush, or chew thi...
Levetiracetam Solution for injection
Levetiracetam Solution for injection What is this medicine? LEVETIRACETAM (lee ve tye RA se tam) is an antiepileptic drug. It is used with other medicines to treat certain types of seizures. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for infusion into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 1 month old for selected condition...
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Oral capsule
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Oral capsule What is this medicine? LISDEXAMFETAMINE (lis DEX am fet a meen) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children. It is also used to treat binge-eating disorder in adults. Federal law prohibits giving this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription l...
Lapatinib Oral tablet
Lapatinib Oral tablet What is this medicine? LAPATINIB (la PA ti nib) is a chemotherapy drug. It targets specific enzymes within cancer cells and stops the cancer cells from growing. This medicine is used to treat some advanced breast cancers. It is often used along with other cancer treatments. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Take this medicine on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or after a meal. Do not take with food. Follow the directions on ...
Loperamide Hydrochloride Oral suspension
Loperamide Hydrochloride Oral suspension What is this medicine? LOPERAMIDE (loe PER a mide) is used to treat diarrhea. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Talk to your p...
Lopinavir, Ritonavir Oral tablet
Lopinavir, Ritonavir Oral tablet What is this medicine? LOPINAVIR; RITONAVIR (loe PIN a veer; ri TOE na veer) is two antiretroviral medicines in one tablet. It is used with other medicines to treat HIV. This medicine is not a cure for HIV. It will not stop the spread of HIV to others. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without food. Do not crush, break, or chew the tablets....
Lordosis What is lordosis? A normal spine, when viewed from behind appears straight. However, a spine affected by lordosis shows evidence of a curvature of the back bones (vertebrae) in the lower back area. This gives the child a "swayback" appearance. Click Image to Enlarge What causes lordosis? The cause of lordosis has been linked to achondroplasia and spondylolisthesis. However, lordosis may be associated with poor posture, a congenital (present at birth) problem with the vertebrae, neuromuscular pr...
Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease What is Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease? Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (or Perthes disease) is a rare condition in children in which the ball-shaped head of the thigh bone, referred to as the femoral head, loses its blood supply. As a result, the femoral head collapses. The body will absorb the dead bone cells and replace them with new bone cells. The new bone cells will eventually reshape the femoral head of the thigh bone. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease causes the hip joint to become pa...
Long-Term Care Planning Quiz
How Much Do You Know About Planning for Long-Term Care? People who need long-term care include those with a chronic illness or a physical handicap. Learn more about long-term care planning by taking this quiz, based on information from the National Institute on Aging (NIA). 1. Which expert is trained to help you and your family develop a plan for long-term care? You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is This is a special kind of social worker or nurse. A geriatric case manager,...
Lamb Pockets Ingredients 1 eggplant (about 1 pound) 2 teaspoons olive oil, divided 3/4 pound lean ground lamb 1 cup onion, sliced 1 to 2 cloves garlic, minced 2 tablespoons fresh parsley, chopped 4 plum tomatoes, chopped Rosemary to taste 4 tablespoons feta cheese 4 pita rounds, 6-1/2 inches in diameter, cut in half and carefully opened Directions Preheat oven to 450°F. Wash eggplant and trim ends. Cut into 1-inch slices and arrange on a nonstick cookie sheet. Brush lightly with about 1 teaspoon olive o...
Lime Thyme Chicken
Lime Thyme Chicken (Gluten-free) Ingredients 1 fresh chicken (about 3-1/2 pounds) 1 lime 1 tablespoon grated gingerroot 1 tablespoon dried thyme 2 cloves minced garlic 1 tablespoon olive oil 3 small Vidalia onions 6 Roma tomatoes 1 bulb garlic, peeled Directions Grate the zest off the lime and mix with the ginger, thyme, and minced garlic. Mix with the olive oil. Rinse the chicken and pat dry. Loosen the skin around the breast and legs with your fingers. Rub the herb mixture under the skin. Cut the lime...
Lime-Mango Whip (Gluten-free) Ingredients 1/2 cup fresh mango flesh 1 tablespoon reduced-fat sour cream 1/2 teaspoon fresh lime juice Directions Put all ingredients in a blender or food processor and whip. Serves 2 Each serving contains about 38 calories, less than 1 g protein, 1 g fat (24% calories from fat), 3 mg cholesterol, 7 g carbohydrates, 1 g fiber, and 5 mg sodium.
Lemon Meringue Kisses
Lemon Meringue Kisses (Gluten-free, gout-friendly) Ingredients 2 egg whites 1/2 cup artificial sweetner 1/4 teaspoon vanilla 1 tablespoon lemon curd* Directions Beat egg whites until they begin to hold a soft peak. Gradually add artificial sweetner and continue beating until egg whites form stiff peaks. Beat in vanilla. Drop by teaspoon onto a nonstick baking sheet—or pipe the meringue from a pastry decorator. You should get 2 dozen kisses. Bake at 300°F for 25 minutes. Make a small indentation in each ...
Lime Shrimp Kebabs
Lime Shrimp Kebabs There’s nothing like a summer barbecue with family and friends to celebrate the season. For a quick, easy, and healthy meal, add a green salad and fresh corn on the cob and you’re good to go. Ingredients 3 large limes 2 cloves garlic, crushed and peeled 1/4 tsp. black pepper 2 tsp. olive oil 2 tbsp. fresh cilantro, cleaned and chopped 16 large shrimp, uncooked, deveined 10 medium cherry tomatoes, rinsed and dried 10 small white-button mushrooms, wiped clean and stems removed Direction...
Lima Bean, Mushroom, and Barley Soup
Lima Bean, Mushroom, and Barley Soup Ingredients 1 cup large, dried lima beans 3 tbsp. coarse pearl barley 6 cups low-sodium vegetable broth 2 cups sliced portabella mushrooms 1 cup chopped onion 2 tbsp. chopped parsley ½ cup chopped celery 1 cup diced carrots Directions Wash lima beans and barley separately in cold water. Drain and transfer to a soup kettle. Add vegetable broth and remaining ingredients; cover and bring to a boil. Cook over low-medium heat until lima beans are soft, about two hours. Se...
Lysine Other name(s): a,e-diamino-n-caproic acid General information Lysine is an essential amino acid. It’s needed for the synthesis of protein. It’s also needed for the metabolism of carbohydrates and fatty acids. Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have not yet been substantiated through studies. Lysine has been said to slow or stop the growth of viruses. It may also protect against sexual transmission of the herpes virus. It may prevent the recurrence of cold ...
Licorice Root Botanical name(s): Glycyrrhiza glabra l. Family: Fabaceae Other name(s): licorice, sweet root General description Licorice is a herbaceous perennial. It’s grown in southeastern Europe and western Asia. It’s been used since ancient times as a flavoring agent. It’s also been used as an expectorant. The medicinal parts of the plant are the unpeeled dried roots and runners, and the rhizome (underground stem). Licorice contains the compound glycyrrhizin. This is 50 times sweeter than sugar. Tak...
Lutein Other name(s): luteol, xanthophyll General description Lutein is a yellow pigment. It belongs to a group of substances called carotenoids. Carotenoids may play an important role in preventing or slowing macular degeneration. This is one of the leading causes of blindness in people over 60 years. Lutein was first isolated from egg yolk. It’s one of the pigments in the petals of yellow flowers and bird feathers. Lutein and a similar carotenoid, zeaxanthin, are the most commonly occurring carotenoid...
Lecithin Lecithin is also known as alpha-phosphatidylcholines, lecithinum ex soya, sojalecithin, or soy lecithin. General description Lecithin is a group of closely related chemicals. It isn’t a single chemical. Lecithins belong to a larger group of compounds called phospholipids. These are important parts of the brain, blood, nervous tissue, and other tissues. Phospholipids are also a component of cell membranes. The body uses lecithin to transport fats and in the metabolic process. Lecithins are made ...
Leucine Other name(s): a-amino-isocaproic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have not yet been substantiated through studies. Leucine may improve healing of skin and bones. It may increase muscle development and lean body mass. It may also increase production of human growth hormone (HGH). It may even help control blood sugar. Recommended intake Amino acids (AAs) are available as individual AAs or in AA combinations. They also come as part of multi-vitamins,...
Lactobacillus Acidophilus Other name(s): Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, acidophilus General description Lactobacilli are bacteria. They make lactic acid from the metabolic breakdown of carbohydrates. This is mainly the sugar lactose in milk. Lactobacilli grow well in milk and milk products. They’re responsible for the "souring" of milk. Many different strains can be found in milk products. They can also be found in the intestinal tracts and vaginas of adults and in the intestinal t...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.