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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
No Statins Before Heart Surgery, Study Suggests
No Statins Before Heart Surgery, Study Suggests WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking cholesterol-lowering statins right before heart surgery, once touted as a way to prevent common postoperative complications, has no benefit and may even cause harm, a new study suggests. In that setting, Crestor (rosuvastatin) did not prevent either the abnormal heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation or heart damage, and it was linked to a slightly increased risk of kidney damage, researchers said. "Ther...
New Guidelines Recommend Inpatient Rehab After Stroke
New Guidelines Recommend Inpatient Rehab After Stroke WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- If possible, people who've had a stroke should be sent directly to inpatient rehabilitation after their hospital discharge. This would be instead of a skilled nursing facility or nursing home, according to new guidelines by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA). Inpatient rehabilitation may be part of the hospital. Or, it may be a freestanding facility. Ideally, stroke patients...
Nuplazid Approved for Parkinson's Hallucinations
Nuplazid Approved for Parkinson's Hallucinations MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nuplazid (pimavanserin) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat hallucinations and delusions associated with Parkinson's disease. As many as half of people with Parkinson's may have psychosis that lead to hallucinations and delusions, the agency said in a news release announcing the approval. This can lead to behaviors including difficulty associating with loved ones or the inability to t...
Night Shift Work May Be Tough on a Woman's Heart
Night Shift Work May Be Tough on a Woman's Heart TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who work rotating night shifts may face a slightly increased risk of heart disease, a new study suggests. "We saw a modest increased risk of heart disease associated with longer duration of rotating night shift work, which appears to wane after stopping shift work," said lead researcher Celine Vetter. She is an instructor in medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. That increased risk ranged fro...
Norovirus a Costly Bug
Norovirus a Costly Bug TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The stomach bug norovirus sickens nearly 700 million people worldwide annually and costs health care systems more than $4 billion a year, researchers report. And when lost productivity and other societal costs are included, that price tag jumps to more than $64 billion, the researchers added. The findings are believed to be the first to assess the global economic impact of the highly contagious virus, which is common in both poor and ric...
Nipple-Preserving Mastectomies Appear Safe for High-Risk Women: Study
Nipple-Preserving Mastectomies Appear Safe for High-Risk Women: Study MONDAY, April 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preventive breast removal (mastectomy) that preserves the nipple and surrounding skin may be as effective in preventing breast cancer in high-risk women as more invasive surgeries, a new study suggests. The study included 348 women with BRCA genetic mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer. They had preventive nipple-sparing mastectomies between 1968 and 2013. Of those women, 203 had...
No Link Between Anti-Smoking Drugs, Mental Health Issues: Study
No Link Between Anti-Smoking Drugs, Mental Health Issues: Study FRIDAY, April 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The anti-smoking drugs Chantix (varenicline) and Wellbutrin (bupropion) don't appear to raise the risk of serious mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts, a new study suggests. "Clinical guidelines recommend that the most effective way to give up smoking is smoking cessation medication and counseling. However, smokers do not use these services enough, in part due t...
New Guidelines Issued on Breast, Genital Plastic Surgery for Teen Girls
New Guidelines Issued on Breast, Genital Plastic Surgery for Teen Girls FRIDAY, April 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A growing interest among teenaged girls in plastic surgery on their breasts or genitals has prompted a leading ob/gyn group to recommend that doctors first talk to these young women about "normal" sexual development. "Our membership has been telling us this is coming up more and more frequently with their adolescent patients," said Dr. Julie Strickland. She is chair of the Adolescent Health...
Nagging Your Kids About Weight Might Backfire
Nagging Your Kids About Weight Might Backfire THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- When parents believe their children are overweight -- regardless of whether they are or not -- those kids are likely to gain weight, a new study suggests. "Parental perceptions may be something of a self-fulfilling prophecy," said study co-author Angelina Sutin. She is an assistant professor with the department of behavioral sciences and social medicine at Florida State University College of Medicine in Tallahasse...
Novel E-Skin May Monitor Health, Vital Signs
Novel E-Skin May Monitor Health, Vital Signs MONDAY, April 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a bid to take high-performance wearable electronics to a new level, Japanese researchers have developed an "e-skin" that may be a noninvasive way to monitor patients' health and vital signs. The ultra-thin, flexible film can light up and display numbers or images. It moves easily with the body and is resistant to air and water damage, according to the scientists who created the technology. The electronic skin is l...
No Drop in Teen Use of Tobacco Products, CDC Says, and E-Cigs May Be Why
No Drop in Teen Use of Tobacco Products, CDC Says, and E-Cigs May Be Why THURSDAY, April 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of tobacco products by U.S. teens hasn't fallen since 2011, and federal officials say electronic cigarettes may be to blame. One in four high school students now uses what officials define as a tobacco product. And e-cigarettes have eclipsed traditional cigarettes as the most widely used tobacco product among teens, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "E...
Non-Surgical Procedure May Be New Weight-Loss Tool
Non-Surgical Procedure May Be New Weight-Loss Tool SUNDAY, April 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A procedure long used to halt stomach bleeding may offer another way to treat severe obesity, a preliminary study suggests. The study, of seven severely obese adults, found that the minimally invasive procedure caused no serious complications. It also spurred some weight loss: Patients lost 13 percent of their excess weight, on average, over the next six months. Experts stressed that the procedure -- bariatric a...
Neighborhood Rats as Depressing as Crime, Study Finds
Neighborhood Rats as Depressing as Crime, Study Finds THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Rat infestations may harm the mental health of people who live in poor neighborhoods to the same extent as abandoned homes, violence and drug dealing, a new study suggests. "Nobody likes living around rats," study leader Danielle German, an assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, said in a school news release. "This study provides very strong evidence that r...
New Dengue Virus Vaccine Shows Promise
New Dengue Virus Vaccine Shows Promise WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental vaccine against dengue -- the mosquito-borne virus behind a very painful illness -- was found effective in a new study. In the small trial involving just 41 healthy volunteers, one dose of the "TV003" vaccine offered 100 percent protection against a particularly tricky strain of the disease that scientists initially thought might be outwitting the vaccine. Coupled with earlier indications that the vaccin...
Nitrogen From Fertilizers Poses Long-Term Threat to Drinking Water: Study
Nitrogen From Fertilizers Poses Long-Term Threat to Drinking Water: Study TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Even if farmers stopped using nitrogen fertilizers today, levels of dangerous nitrates in rivers and lakes would remain high for decades, researchers report. Canadian scientists analyzed more than 2,000 soil samples from the Mississippi River Basin and found an accumulation of nitrogen. This buildup was not evident in the upper "plow" layer, but instead was found 2 inches to 8 inches ben...
New Tests May Help Combat Melanoma, Expert Says
New Tests May Help Combat Melanoma, Expert Says FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic and molecular tests can be valuable in helping to diagnose and treat deadly melanoma skin cancer, a dermatologist says. The tests are widely available in the United States, and many are covered by insurance or offered at no extra cost, said Dr. Emily Chu. She is an assistant professor of dermatology and pathology and laboratory medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. Melanoma rates in t...
New Cooling Technique Might Aid Brain Surgery: Study
New Cooling Technique Might Aid Brain Surgery: Study THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new cooling technique appears to safeguard a patient's speech centers during brain surgery, a small, preliminary study suggests. This approach, combined with verbal checks, also helped improve understanding of brain areas involved in word formation and speech timing, the researchers said. The technique used in the study is called focal cooling, in which miniature devices are used to cool quarter-sized area...
NBA Players Putting Their Hearts Into Medical Research
NBA Players Putting Their Hearts Into Medical Research WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Professional basketball players have the highest rate of sports-related cardiac arrest in the United States, and a new study lays the groundwork for scientists to determine why. Investigators from Columbia University Medical Center in New York City examined the heart structure and function of more than 500 current NBA players. They found some significant differences between these hearts and those of other...
New TB Test May Help Simplify Diagnosis
New TB Test May Help Simplify Diagnosis FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A simple new blood test for tuberculosis may one day help improve diagnosis and treatment of the deadly disease in developing countries, researchers report. The inexpensive test identifies a gene expression "signature" that distinguishes people with active TB from those with either latent TB or other diseases, according to the research team from the Stanford University School of Medicine, in Palo Alto, Calif. The work is o...
New Type of Weight-Loss Surgery May Be Less Risky, Cheaper
New Type of Weight-Loss Surgery May Be Less Risky, Cheaper MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new type of weight-loss procedure offers an alternative to traditional bariatric surgery for people who are mildly to moderately obese, researchers report. The procedure is called endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty, and it involves using an endoscope -- a flexible tube inserted through the mouth -- rather than making an incision in the body. When the endoscope reaches the stomach, the surgeon places suture...
National Smoking Bans Help Everyone, Especially Nonsmokers: Study
National Smoking Bans Help Everyone, Especially Nonsmokers: Study WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- National smoking bans appear to be reducing the health harms caused by secondhand smoke, especially heart disease. That's the finding of researchers who reviewed 77 studies in 21 countries, including the United States and Canada. In countries with smoking bans, nonsmokers showed health benefits from reduced exposure to secondhand smoke. Of the 44 studies that focused on heart disease, 33 report...
New Lyme Disease Bacteria Discovered in Upper Midwest: CDC
New Lyme Disease Bacteria Discovered in Upper Midwest: CDC TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new Lyme disease-causing bacteria has been identified in the United States, and it may bring even worse symptoms, health officials said. Borrelia burgdorferi was the only bacteria species believed to cause Lyme disease in North America -- until this new discovery, the researchers said. The newly-identified bacteria, called Borrelia mayonii , appears closely related to B. burgdorferi , say a team from t...
New School Lunch Program Lets Kids Select More Nutritious Meals
New School Lunch Program Lets Kids Select More Nutritious Meals MONDAY, Jan. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Move over, mystery meat -- students are choosing more nutritious school lunches under the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act, new research suggests. "We found that the implementation of the new meal standards was associated with the improved nutritional quality of meals selected by students," according to study author Donna Johnson, from the University of Washington's Nutritional Sciences Program. "These c...
Newer Blood Pressure Drugs as Good as Older Ones: Study
Newer Blood Pressure Drugs as Good as Older Ones: Study MONDAY, Jan. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Newer blood pressure drugs are as safe and effective as older medications, new research suggests. Scientists at the NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City said their findings settle a longstanding debate about which of two types blood-pressure lowering medications studied are better. An analysis of 106 randomized trials involving more than 250,000 patients examined the effects of newer angiotensin recep...
Need to Boost Your Memory? Then Get Your Zzzz's
Need to Boost Your Memory? Then Get Your Zzzz's THURSDAY, Dec. 31, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A good night's sleep can help you remember new faces and names, researchers report. The researchers showed 20 photos of faces with matching names to 14 volunteers in their 20s. Twelve hours later, participants were shown the photos again and asked if the faces and names matched. The test was done twice -- once after the participants had slept for up to eight hours and once with a period of regular day activities ...
New Rules for Mammograms, Tanning Beds Top Health News of 2015
New Rules for Mammograms, Tanning Beds Top Health News of 2015 MONDAY, Dec. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- While no one health story dominated in 2015, the year did mark some milestones and important trends, with news in cancer screening and prevention topping the list. In October, the American Cancer Society revised its influential guidelines on breast cancer screening -- moving the suggested start age for annual mammograms from 40 to 45. After age 54, women can also decide to reduce screening to once ev...
New Drug for Severe Form of Arthritis Shows Promise in Trial
New Drug for Severe Form of Arthritis Shows Promise in Trial WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A drug recently approved for the skin condition psoriasis may also help people with a debilitating form of arthritis that attacks the spine, a new clinical trial finds. The condition, called ankylosing spondylitis, causes inflammation around the vertebrae, which can lead to chronic pain and stiffness in the back and neck -- and, in some people, eventually cause some vertebrae to fuse into an immobil...
Noisy Electronic Toys May Hamper Babies' Verbal Skills
Noisy Electronic Toys May Hamper Babies' Verbal Skills WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As parents scramble to find the perfect gifts for their children this Christmas, new research suggests that electronic toys that light up, talk or play music might slow language development in toddlers. These pricey toys may seem ideal for developing minds, but researchers at Northern Arizona University said they found just the opposite: when toys talk and sing, babies don't. "These results provide a basi...
New HIV Treatment Shows Promise in Early Research
New HIV Treatment Shows Promise in Early Research WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Preliminary new research raises the prospect that a recently discovered antibody -- an important component of the immune system -- could be enlisted to boost the body's response to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. A single injection of the antibody, currently dubbed VRC01, dramatically reduced the level of HIV in the blood of people who hadn't yet been given antiretroviral drug treatment (ART). ART is the curr...
Night-Shift Workers May Be Prone to Car Crashes
Night-Shift Workers May Be Prone to Car Crashes TUESDAY, Dec. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In a study of 16 night-shift workers, more than one-third were involved in near crashes while participating in a test drive after work, researchers report. The same drivers experienced zero near-crashes after sleeping sufficient amounts the night before the same test drive, according to the study, published online Dec. 21 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . "What is unique about this study is ...
New Device Approved for Fecal Incontinence
New Device Approved for Fecal Incontinence FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The Fenix Continence Restoration System has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat an inability to control bowel movements for people who can't tolerate or use other approved methods. The inability to control the bowels, medically called fecal incontinence, is most often caused by muscle damage from vaginal childbirth or from certain medical disorders such as diabetes, the agency said Friday in ...
Nasal Spray May Give Diabetics Faster Treatment for Low Blood Sugar
Nasal Spray May Give Diabetics Faster Treatment for Low Blood Sugar FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new nasal spray might make rescue care easier for diabetics who are woozy or even unconscious due to severe low blood sugar, a new clinical trial suggests. The nasal spray contains powdered glucagon, a hormone that causes a prompt increase in blood sugar levels. The trial results showed that the nasal spray is nearly as effective in treating hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) as the only option cu...
Negative News on Statins Tied to Dropped Prescriptions
Negative News on Statins Tied to Dropped Prescriptions WEDNESDAY, Dec. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- News reports on the downsides of statins may push some people to stop taking the cholesterol-lowering drugs, a new study hints. The findings, published Dec. 2 in the European Heart Journal , cannot prove that media stories drive statin users to give up their prescriptions. Instead, Danish researchers found a broad correlation between "negative" media coverage and people's odds of quitting a statin within s...
New Drug May Help Fight Heart Failure
New Drug May Help Fight Heart Failure WEDNESDAY, Dec. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of aging Americans suffer from heart failure, and there are still too few options to treat them. Now, research suggests that a new medication called Entresto might help these patients live longer. The study did not involve a clinical trial. Instead, researchers analyzed data from nearly 8,400 heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction, where a weakened heart loses some of its ability to pump blood. A te...
New Diabetes Cases Among Americans Drop for First Time in Decades: CDC
New Diabetes Cases Among Americans Drop for First Time in Decades: CDC TUESDAY, Dec. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In a sign that Americans may finally be turning the corner in the fight against diabetes -- and possibly obesity -- federal health statistics released Tuesday show that the number of new cases of diabetes has dropped for the first time in decades. The decline wasn't sudden or dramatic. But, the number of new diabetes cases went from 1.7 million in 2009 to 1.4 million in 2014, according to the...
New Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Shows Early Promise
New Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Shows Early Promise WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new form of treatment for type 1 diabetes that's based on the immune system appears safe for patients in an early trial. However, only a larger trial will show if the treatment -- which uses immune cells called regulatory T cells (Tregs) -- is effective against the illness, researchers said. If the therapy does work out, it "could be a game-changer," study first author Jeffrey Bluestone, a professor of m...
New 'Collar' Aims to Help Shield Brain From Concussion
New 'Collar' Aims to Help Shield Brain From Concussion FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new type a lightweight and pressurized neck collar may help prevent mild concussions during sports, according to the developers of the device. The collar, which weighs four to five ounces -- is designed to exert a minimal amount of continual pressure on the large neck veins that carry blood from the heart to the head, and back again. That slight pressure, which is similar to the pressure of a tie knot, tri...
Ninlaro Approved for Multiple Myeloma
Ninlaro Approved for Multiple Myeloma FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ninlaro (ixazomib), in combination with two other drugs, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat people with multiple myeloma who have had at least one prior treatment with a different therapy. Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that forms in infection-fighting white blood cells produced in bone marrow. Symptoms include a weakened immune system and bone and kidney problems. Ninlaro, from a class...
Narcan Nasal Spray Approved to Counter Narcotic Painkiller Overdose
Narcan Nasal Spray Approved to Counter Narcotic Painkiller Overdose THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Narcan (naloxone hydrochloride) nasal spray has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to stop or reverse an overdose of opioids, a class of narcotic drugs that includes the prescription medication oxycodone (Oxycontin) and the illicit drug heroin. Symptoms of overdose with these drugs could include shallow breathing and difficulty waking a person. Drug overdoses have surpassed...
New Medicare Rules Triple Heart Failure Patients' Access to Cardiac Rehab
New Medicare Rules Triple Heart Failure Patients' Access to Cardiac Rehab WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Newly expanded Medicare and Medicaid coverage for cardiac rehabilitation has tripled the number of heart failure patients with access to these lifesaving programs, a new study has found. But coverage could stand to be even further expanded, the researchers concluded. "There are a lot of new patients eligible, but we left out this whole huge bucket of patients," said lead researcher Dr. ...
Newborn Probiotic Use Tied to Lower Risk of Type 1 Diabetes
Newborn Probiotic Use Tied to Lower Risk of Type 1 Diabetes WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adding probiotics -- good bacteria -- to an infant's feedings in the first month of life may reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes for those genetically predisposed to getting the disease, new research suggests. Supplementing with probiotics later in infancy didn't seem to confer the same benefit, the researchers noted. "Early probiotic exposure during the first 27 days is associated with a decreased ri...
New Guidelines Focus on Pulmonary Hypertension in Kids
New Guidelines Focus on Pulmonary Hypertension in Kids TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The first guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension in children have been released by the American Heart Association and the American Thoracic Society. Pulmonary hypertension is a sometimes fatal heart and lung disease that affects nearly two of every 1,000 babies born each year. Children with the condition have blockages in the blood vessels of their lungs, making it harder for the he...
New Advisory Says Some Athletes With Heart Conditions OK to Play
New Advisory Says Some Athletes With Heart Conditions OK to Play MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some people with a potentially deadly type of irregular heartbeat may be able to play competitive sports, new guidelines say. The scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology pointed out that recent research indicates the risk of sudden cardiac arrest is lower than previously thought for some athletes with irregular heartbeat caused by long QT syndr...
Newborns Vulnerable to Common Staph Infections: Study
Newborns Vulnerable to Common Staph Infections: Study MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Bloodstream infections in newborns are rare, but when they occur, normal staph infections are just as dangerous as antibiotic-resistant ones, a new study finds. "Just because a bug responds well to antibiotics doesn't mean it's any less deadly," senior investigator Dr. Aaron Milstone, an infectious disease specialist at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center in Baltimore, said in a Hopkins news release. "If not ...
Not All Large Breast Tumors Warrant Mastectomy, Study Says
Not All Large Breast Tumors Warrant Mastectomy, Study Says MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of breast conservation surgery and radiation is as effective as breast removal for some women with large, localized invasive breast tumors, a new study contends. Breast-conserving lumpectomy is usually limited to women with small tumors, the researchers said. "For decades, breast cancers have been felt to be amenable to lumpectomy with radiation only if the tumors were 5 centimeters [nearly...
Nerve Disorder in Horses May Offer Clues to Alzheimer's
Nerve Disorder in Horses May Offer Clues to Alzheimer's FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some signs of a rare nerve disorder in horses are similar to those in people with Alzheimer's disease and other brain disorders, a new study shows. The deadly disease in horses -- called equine grass sickness -- could offer clues about the human conditions, according to the researchers at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. "This is the first study to show similarities between an apparently unrelated n...
New Clues to How Gene Affects Women's Body Shape, Diabetes Risk
New Clues to How Gene Affects Women's Body Shape, Diabetes Risk SATURDAY, Oct. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Studies have shown that women with larger hips tend to have a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, and now scientists are getting a clearer picture of the genetics behind it all. Recent research has shown that a variant in a gene called KLF14 is associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It also seems to be a master regulator of how and where a woman's body stores fat: Women with one partic...
New MS Drug Yields Mixed Results in Study
New MS Drug Yields Mixed Results in Study WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Multiple sclerosis patients taking a new drug experienced fewer relapse rates but more side effects than patients receiving a standard MS therapy, new research indicates. In a trial comparing two sets of more than 900 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, scientists found that those taking the drug daclizumab HYP had a 45 percent lower relapse rate than those taking interferon beta-1a. But patients on t...
New Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbug' an Emerging Threat, CDC Says
New Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbug' an Emerging Threat, CDC Says MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A relatively new antibiotic-resistant bacteria called CRE is making inroads in some major American cities, U.S. health officials report. Surveillance of seven U.S. metropolitan areas found higher-than-expected levels of CRE in Atlanta, Baltimore and New York City, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Lower-than-expected levels were found in Albuquerque, Denver and Portla...
News Coverage of Angelina Jolie's Breast Surgery Boosted Awareness of Options
News Coverage of Angelina Jolie's Breast Surgery Boosted Awareness of Options MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Media coverage of actress Angelina Jolie's breast removal and reconstruction improved awareness about breast reconstruction, a new study suggests. Jolie had both of her breasts removed in 2013 because she has a gene mutation that increased her risk for breast cancer, and then she underwent breast reconstruction surgery. Researchers conducted online surveys with 1,000 women before and ...
New Drug May Boost Survival a Bit for Some With Advanced Lung Cancer
New Drug May Boost Survival a Bit for Some With Advanced Lung Cancer SUNDAY, Sept. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new study finds that the cancer drug nivolumab (Opdivo) extends the lives of some patients with advanced lung cancer for several months. In a head-to-head comparison, patients treated with nivolumab lived an average of 12.2 months, while patients treated with the chemotherapy drug docetaxel lived an average of 9.4 months, the researchers reported. "It looks like we have a new treatment optio...
New Immune-Focused Drug Shows Promise Against Advanced Kidney Cancer
New Immune-Focused Drug Shows Promise Against Advanced Kidney Cancer FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new drug that harnesses the power of the immune system to fight tumors appears to help people battling advanced kidney cancer, a new study finds. The drug, Opdivo (nivolumab), outperformed a standard chemotherapy, Afinitor (everolimus), in terms of shrinking tumors and boosting patient survival, the study found. The study was funded by Bristol-Myers Squibb, which makes Opdivo. It was to be p...
Newborn Metabolic Screening
Newborn Metabolic Screening Most babies look healthy and perfect when they are born – just ask their parents. But because some potential problems aren't readily seen, all newborns are tested for certain conditions, including metabolic disorders. A metabolic disorder is one that gets in the way of how the body breaks down food or absorbs nutrients. Left untreated, some of these disorders could affect a baby's development. They can cause organ damage or even death. By screening for these disorders at birt...
Neurological Complications of HIV
Neurological Complications of HIV HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens and slowly destroys the body’s immune system, leaving you vulnerable to life-threatening complications from an infection or the flu. As HIV and AIDS battle your immune system, your central nervous system is also affected. HIV and AIDS both cause a number of neurological complications, particularly if HIV goes or progresses to AIDS. Today, antiretroviral medications—when taken correctly and promptly—help to slow down the pro...
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Fatty liver disease means that you have fat deposits inside your liver. These deposits may keep your liver from doing a good job of removing toxins from your blood. People who drink too much alcohol may also have fat in their liver. But that’s not the same as fatty liver disease. Types of fatty liver disease Health care providers divide fatty liver disease into 2 types. If you just have fat but no damage to your liver, the disease is called nonalcoholic fatty liver disea...
Nerve Blocks Nerve blocks, or neural blockades, are procedures that can help prevent or manage many different types of pain. They are often injections of medicines that block pain from specific nerves. They can be used for pain relief as well as total loss of feeling if needed for surgery. Perhaps the best-known nerve block is an epidural. Many pregnant women ask for an epidural during childbirth to ease the pain of labor and delivery. In an epidural, doctors inject an anesthetic drug into the space jus...
Nitroglycerin Topical ointment
Nitroglycerin Topical ointment What is this medicine? NITROGLYCERIN (nye troe GLI ser in) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to prevent chest pain caused by angina. It should not be used for immediate relief during an angina attack. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for external use only. Do not take by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Use exactly as directed. Use one of the...
Nitroglycerin Transdermal patch - 24 hour
Nitroglycerin Transdermal patch - 24 hour What is this medicine? NITROGLYCERIN (nye troe GLI ser in) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to prevent chest pain caused by angina. It will not help to stop an episode of chest pain. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for external use only. Follow the directions on the prescription label. One patch contains a full day's supply of medicine. It is usually w...
Nitroglycerin Sublingual/Translingual spray
Nitroglycerin Sublingual/Translingual spray What is this medicine? NITROGLYCERIN (nye troe GLI ser in) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to prevent or relieve chest pain caused by angina. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is only for use in the mouth. Use at the first sign of an attack. You can also use this medicine 5 to 10 minutes before an event likely to produce chest pain. Follow the directions...
Nitroglycerin Sublingual tablet
Nitroglycerin Sublingual tablet What is this medicine? NITROGLYCERIN (nye troe GLI ser in) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to relieve chest pain caused by angina. It is also used to prevent chest pain before activities like climbing stairs, going outdoors in cold weather, or sexual activity. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth as needed. At the first sign of an angina attack (chest pai...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.