Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
Out-of-Pocket X-Ray, CT Scan Costs Vary Widely
Out-of-Pocket X-Ray, CT Scan Costs Vary Widely SUNDAY, May 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The out-of-pocket price for a standard chest X-ray, CT scan or ultrasound can vary by hundreds of dollars, depending on where the imaging is done, new research reveals. And uninsured patients trying to get the cost in advance may face an uphill battle, investigators caution, with hospitals slower to respond than stand-alone imaging centers. How slow? Calls made to six hospitals and five private imaging centers in the...
Out-of-Pocket Costs Rose Moderately Under Obamacare: Report
Out-of-Pocket Costs Rose Moderately Under Obamacare: Report FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many Americans enrolled in Obamacare marketplace plans saw their out-of-pocket costs rise moderately in the past year, a new report shows. For those who did not receive government subsidies under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), there were slight increases in copayments and deductibles between 2015 and 2016, the Commonwealth Fund study found. "More than 40 percent of people buying plans in the Affordable C...
Obesity May Not Take Years Off Your Life: Study
Obesity May Not Take Years Off Your Life: Study TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity may not cut your life short after all, a new study suggests. Danish researchers report that the risk that an obese man or woman will die prematurely has dropped dramatically over the last 40 years. How dramatically? According to their analysis, the 30 percent greater risk of dying early from any cause found back in the 1970s has virtually disappeared. Translation: The researchers said that the risk of dying...
Obamacare Buyers Could Have Fewer Choices in 2017
Obamacare Buyers Could Have Fewer Choices in 2017 MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- With the nation's largest health insurer exiting all but a few Affordable Care Act exchanges next year, some Americans may be left with fewer choices and some might see higher monthly premiums. Experts say that will be the upshot of UnitedHealth Group Inc.'s recent announcement that it will pull out of most of the 34 states where it offers health plans on the public health insurance exchanges. The public health ins...
Officials Report First Zika Death in Puerto Rico
Officials Report First Zika Death in Puerto Rico FRIDAY, April 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The first known Zika virus-linked death in Puerto Rico was announced Friday by officials of the U.S. territory. A 70-year-old man with Zika died in February from severe thrombocytopenia, which causes a low blood platelet count that can lead to internal bleeding. The death was announced by Puerto Rico's health secretary, Ana Rius. So far, Puerto Rico has had more than 600 Zika cases, including 73 involving pregnan...
Omega-3 Fish Oil Supplements Might Boost Antidepressants' Effects
Omega-3 Fish Oil Supplements Might Boost Antidepressants' Effects TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 fish oil supplements may improve the effectiveness of antidepressants, new research suggests. Researchers reviewed the findings of eight clinical trials worldwide, as well as other evidence, and concluded that the supplements appear to help battle depression in people already on medication. "Omega-3 fish oil -- in combination with antidepressants -- had a statistically significant effect...
Obamacare Expanding Coverage for the Poor, Study Finds
Obamacare Expanding Coverage for the Poor, Study Finds MONDAY, April 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- State Medicaid expansions under Obamacare have improved low-income Americans' insurance coverage, increased their doctor visits and enhanced detection of chronic health conditions, which could lead to improvements in health, a new study suggests. The findings are important as policymakers continue to debate the value of expanding Medicaid, the publicly funded health insurance program for the poor, researche...
Only Half of Rectal Cancer Patients Get Recommended Treatment: Study
Only Half of Rectal Cancer Patients Get Recommended Treatment: Study FRIDAY, April 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the increasing use of a standard therapy for rectal cancer in the United States, only slightly more than half of patients receive it, a new study finds. Chemoradiation therapy followed by surgery is recognized as the standard of care for locally advanced rectal cancer because it offers patients the best outcomes, according to the researchers. The new analysis of national data found the...
One-a-Day Anti-Seizure Drug Shows Promise for People With Epilepsy
One-a-Day Anti-Seizure Drug Shows Promise for People With Epilepsy THURSDAY, April 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A once-daily epilepsy drug may control seizures just as well as a twice-daily drug, researchers report. Their preliminary study compared the once-a-day drug eslicarbazepine acetate (Aptiom) to the twice-daily drug carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol) for more than 800 people newly diagnosed with partial seizures, which originate in one area of the brain. After six months, 71 percent of those ta...
Obesity in Teens Seems to Raise Risk for Illness, Death in Middle Age
Obesity in Teens Seems to Raise Risk for Illness, Death in Middle Age WEDNESDAY, April 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight teenagers may face an increased risk of dying from heart disease or stroke by the time they reach middle age, a large new study suggests. The study of more than 2 million Israelis found that those who were overweight or obese as teenagers were two to three times more likely to die prematurely of cardiovascular causes, compared to those who'd been thin as teens. Experts called th...
Opioid Painkiller May Be New Treatment for Heroin Addicts
Opioid Painkiller May Be New Treatment for Heroin Addicts WEDNESDAY, April 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hydromorphone -- an opioid painkiller -- may be another treatment option for heroin addiction, a new Canadian study suggests. The research included more than 200 heroin addicts in Vancouver. They hadn't responded to commonly used treatments such as methadone or suboxone. This was the first study to assess the effectiveness of hydromorphone in treating heroin addiction, the researchers noted. The partic...
Obese People Trying to Shed Pounds Often Go Up and Down
Obese People Trying to Shed Pounds Often Go Up and Down FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The biggest losers -- those who lose the most weight -- tend to be the ones who win when it comes to keeping weight off, new research suggests. Weight cycling -- or the repeated loss and regain of body weight -- is common. But this new study found that those who lose the most are more likely to keep losing and maintain their weight loss over time. "About two-thirds of American adults are overweight or obese...
Obama Administration Steps Up Efforts to Beat Painkiller, Heroin Epidemic
Obama Administration Steps Up Efforts to Beat Painkiller, Heroin Epidemic TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Obama administration announced Tuesday additional measures in its $1.1 billion funding request to expand medication-based treatment for Americans addicted to prescription painkillers and heroin. President Barack Obama is scheduled to propose the measures at the National Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit in Atlanta. The White House said the increased initiative could offer hope to ten...
On-the-Job Training Funds for Pediatricians Lagging: Experts
On-the-Job Training Funds for Pediatricians Lagging: Experts MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Funding for graduate medical education (GME) for doctors-in-training needs to be changed to deal with a shortage of pediatric specialists, the American Academy of Pediatrics says in an updated policy statement. This shortage comes at a time when a growing number of American children have chronic health problems and special medical needs, according to a news release from the academy. While enrollment a...
Obesity Linked to Higher Asthma Risk in Women
Obesity Linked to Higher Asthma Risk in Women WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As weight rises, so too does the risk for asthma, U.S. health officials report. During the 2011-2014 period, nearly 9 percent of American adults had asthma. Normal-weight folks had asthma rates around 7 percent, while about 8 percent of overweight people had the illness. For obese American adults, asthma rates topped 11 percent, the new research said. Obese women had the highest rates -- almost 15 percent had the...
Optimistic Outlook May Boost Hispanics' Heart Health
Optimistic Outlook May Boost Hispanics' Heart Health FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For U.S. Hispanics, an upbeat attitude may go a long way toward keeping a healthy heart, a new study finds. A research team led by Rosalba Hernandez, of Northwestern University in Chicago, tracked outcomes for almost 5,000 adult Hispanics ranging in age from 18 to 75. All study participants were checked for levels of how optimistic they were, and for measures of heart health, such as diet, body fat, exercise, ...
One Alcoholic Drink Might Temporarily Bump Up Heart Risk
One Alcoholic Drink Might Temporarily Bump Up Heart Risk WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In as little as an hour after sipping a glass of wine or enjoying a cocktail, your risk of heart trouble and stroke may go up, new research suggests. The good news is that within 24 hours, that same alcoholic beverage may protect against heart problems and stroke, the Harvard University researchers said. But, heavy drinkers don't seem to get those protective effects. "Heavy drinking increases risk both ...
Ovarian Cancer Is More Than One Disease: Report
Ovarian Cancer Is More Than One Disease: Report WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ovarian cancer isn't a single disease, but rather a number of different malignancies involving the ovaries, an expert U.S. panel says. Evidence suggests that many ovarian cancers begin in other tissues, such as the fallopian tubes, and eventually spread to the ovaries. In other cases, cancers arise from cells not considered to be part of the ovaries, a report from the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Enginee...
Obama Asks Congress for $1.9 Billion to Battle Zika Virus
Obama Asks Congress for $1.9 Billion to Battle Zika Virus MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- President Barack Obama on Monday asked Congress for $1.9 billion to help stem the spread of the Zika virus. The mosquito-borne disease has been linked to -- but not proven to cause -- a severe brain defect in newborns. The birth defect, called microcephaly, results in infants having small heads and often involves brain damage. It's believed there have been more than 4,100 suspected or confirmed cases of m...
Obesity Can Send Kids' Blood Pressure Soaring: Study
Obesity Can Send Kids' Blood Pressure Soaring: Study FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children and teens who become or stay obese may quickly face up to three times the risk of developing high blood pressure compared to their slimmer peers, a new study says. These findings are of particular concern because the high blood pressure in kids who went from overweight to obese, or those who stayed obese, developed in a short time -- the study only lasted three years. "These findings underscore the im...
Overweight, Obese Kids Fare Worse in Hospital ICUs, Study Finds
Overweight, Obese Kids Fare Worse in Hospital ICUs, Study Finds TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight or obese children may be up to 57 percent more likely to die in a pediatric intensive care unit (ICU), a new study indicates. "With increasing weight, there was an increasing risk of death," said study author Dr. Patrick Ross, a critical care specialist with Children's Hospital Los Angeles. However, all children in the ICU had an overall low death rate with only 2.5 percent dying during ...
Organic Milk and Meat Have Higher Nutrient Levels: Study
Organic Milk and Meat Have Higher Nutrient Levels: Study TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New international research has good news for people who've been shelling out extra money to buy organic milk and meat -- these products are healthier than conventional products in a number of ways. "People choose organic milk and meat for three main reasons: improved animal welfare, the positive impacts of organic farming on the environment, and the perceived health benefits. But much less is known about ...
Obsessed Athletes More Likely to Approve of Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Study
Obsessed Athletes More Likely to Approve of Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Study SATURDAY, Feb. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The more obsessed that college athletes are with their sport, the more likely they are to approve of using performance-enhancing drugs, a new Canadian study finds. Two types of passion are associated with sports, the University of Waterloo researchers explained. "Harmonious passion" involves feelings of enjoyment, and the sport blends with the athlete's life. "Obsessive passion" mea...
Obamacare Enrollment Initiative Targets Latinos
Obamacare Enrollment Initiative Targets Latinos MONDAY, Jan. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- With only three weeks left in the latest Affordable Care Act enrollment period, U.S. health officials and community advocates are ramping up efforts to sign up difficult-to-reach Latino Americans. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the nonprofit coalition Enroll America and other national enrollment partners have launched a "Latino Week of Action" targeting uninsured consumers in Latino communi...
One-Third of Incurable Cancer Patients Keep Working, Study Finds
One-Third of Incurable Cancer Patients Keep Working, Study Finds MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of people with incurable cancer continue to work despite their fatal illness, a new study reports. What's more, they are likely to stay on the job until they grow too sick to keep going, the researchers found. The severity of a cancer patient's symptoms is the most important factor in whether he or she will stop working, researchers reported Dec. 21 in the journal Cancer . "The ...
Others' Drug, Alcohol Use May Trigger Bad Behavior in Teens
Others' Drug, Alcohol Use May Trigger Bad Behavior in Teens FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Seeing other people drink or use drugs can trigger antisocial behavior in kids, a new study suggests. Duke University researchers used cellphones to survey about 150 children between the ages of 11 and 15 three times a day for 30 days. The study participants completed more than 90 percent of the surveys. On days when they saw others drink alcohol or use drugs, participants were two times more likely to ...
Obamacare Boosting Breast Cancer Screening Among Poor: Study
Obamacare Boosting Breast Cancer Screening Among Poor: Study MONDAY, Nov. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More poor women are being screened for breast cancer due to expanded Medicaid coverage under the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, a new study finds. States now have the option to expand Medicaid coverage of breast cancer screening to people younger than 65 whose income is up to 133 percent of the federal poverty level. So far, 23 states have opted for that expanded coverage and six others ...
Obesity in Youth May Harm the Heart Long-Term, Even After Weight Loss
Obesity in Youth May Harm the Heart Long-Term, Even After Weight Loss WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new study finds that even if overweight or obese young women slim down later on, obesity-linked damage to the heart may linger for decades. The research shows that even formerly overweight women remain at heightened risk for sudden cardiac death later in life. So, "it is important to maintain a healthy weight throughout adulthood as a way to minimize the risk of sudden cardiac death," lea...
Opdivo Approved for Advanced Kidney Cancer
Opdivo Approved for Advanced Kidney Cancer TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Opdivo (nivolumab) has been approved to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma, the most common type of kidney cancer. The drug targets proteins that would otherwise hinder the body's immune system in fighting cancer cells, the agency said in a news release. Renal cell carcinoma is expected to be diagnosed in more than 61,000 Americans this year, and more than 14,000 are projected to die from it, the FDA said, citing the ...
Obese Kids as Young as 8 Show Signs of Heart Disease
Obese Kids as Young as 8 Show Signs of Heart Disease TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children can develop signs of heart abnormalities as young as age 8, which might drive up their risk for early death as adults, new research suggests. "It is both surprising and alarming to us that even the youngest obese children in our study who were 8 years old had evidence of heart disease," said study lead author Linyuan Jing, a postdoctoral fellow with Geisinger Health System in Danville, Pa. "Ult...
Omega 3 Supplements Don't Help With Depression: Review
Omega 3 Supplements Don't Help With Depression: Review FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There's little evidence that taking omega-3 fatty acid supplements helps treat depression, researchers report. Some studies have suggested that these fish oil supplements may benefit people with major depression. But in a review published Nov. 5 in the Cochrane Library , researchers disagreed after analyzing 26 studies that included more than 1,400 people with depression. "We found a small-to-modest positive ...
Online Psychotherapy May Help Some With Emotional Problems
Online Psychotherapy May Help Some With Emotional Problems TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The Internet has made it possible for people to work and study from home, and new research suggests that a staple of mental health care may also be headed to a computer near you. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a mix of two disciplines that aims to help a person improve the way he or she thinks about problems and problem-solving, while also tackling unhealthy behaviors. For now, online versions of ...
One in Five Pediatricians Drops Families Who Refuse Vaccines: Survey
One in Five Pediatricians Drops Families Who Refuse Vaccines: Survey MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- One of every five U.S. pediatricians regularly drops families who refuse to have their children vaccinated, a new survey shows. Doctors in the South and Northeast were more likely to take this hardline stance, said study lead author Dr. Sean O'Leary, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Children's Hospital Colorado in Denver. But O'Leary said he's heard anecdotally that pediatricians acr...
Obamacare Allows Tobacco Surcharge on Older Smokers
Obamacare Allows Tobacco Surcharge on Older Smokers WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Older smokers purchasing insurance through Obamacare may have a new reason to kick the habit: the Affordable Care Act allows plans on the health exchange to add a surcharge for tobacco use, new research shows. For the study, scientists examined health insurance tobacco surcharges across the United States. In nearly every county of the 37 states that used healthcare.gov to sell health plans in 2015, people wh...
Ovarian Tissue Transplant Can Help Some Women Have Kids After Cancer Treatment
Ovarian Tissue Transplant Can Help Some Women Have Kids After Cancer Treatment TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients who have ovarian tissue removed and stored for later transplantation have a chance at a successful pregnancy, a new study finds. Powerful chemotherapy and radiation treatments for cancer can impair a woman's fertility. This new study shows that ovarian tissue transplants are safe and effective and pose little risk of the cancer coming back, the Danish researchers said....
Optune Device Approved for Newly Diagnosed Brain Cancer
Optune Device Approved for Newly Diagnosed Brain Cancer TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Monday expanded its approval for the Optune device to include newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme, an aggressive brain cancer. Optune involves placing electrodes on the surface of the scalp to deliver low-intensity pulses called "tumor treatment fields," which are designed to damage growing tumor cells, the agency said in a news release. The portable device, powe...
Obesity Won't Affect Joint Surgery Safety, Study Finds
Obesity Won't Affect Joint Surgery Safety, Study Finds FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Obese and overweight people who have joint replacement surgeries are less likely to need blood transfusions and are no more likely to face complications than normal weight patients, a new analysis finds. "It's a very complex issue," said study co-author Dr. Nolan Wessell, an orthopaedic surgery resident at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. "And this finding is somewhat surprising. "But it could just be that lar...
OTC Pain Medications and Their Risks
OTC Pain Medications and Their Risks Drugstore shelves have so many choices of over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication that it can seem difficult to find one that you like. But OTC pain relievers can be divided into just 2 main types: acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Acetaminophen is available as a generic medicine and by the brand name Tylenol. You'll find a few different NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, aspirin, and ketoprofen. Some medicines, such as Excedrin Extra ...
Oximetry (Oxygen Saturation, Oximetry, Ear Oximetry, Pulse Ox, Sp0 2 ) Procedure overview What is pulse oximetry? Pulse oximetry is a procedure used to measure the oxygen level (or oxygen saturation) in the blood. It is considered to be a noninvasive, painless, general indicator of oxygen delivery to the peripheral tissues (such as the finger, earlobe, or nose). How does pulse oximetry work? Oxygen in the air is breathed into the lungs. The oxygen then passes into the blood where the majority of the oxy...
Overview of Adrenal Disorders
Overview of Adrenal Disorders The two adrenal glands are small and triangular, with one located atop of each kidney. For this reason, they have been called the suprarenal glands. Each adrenal gland has an outer region (called the adrenal cortex) and an inner region (called the adrenal medulla). The adrenal glands coordinate with the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the brain to secrete hormones that regulate metabolism, blood chemistry, and many physical characteristics. Adrenal glands also secrete h...
Overview of Adolescent Health Problems
Chronic Health Problems in Teens Chronic health problems during the teen years can often complicate physical and emotional development. Illness, injury, medical treatments, hospitalization, and surgeries related to chronic illness can cause a teen to worry even more about his or her physical appearance. They can also interfere with a teen's desire to be independent. It also affects a teen's relationships with parents and friends. A teen with a chronic health issue may struggle to cope with illness and r...
Overview of Kidney Disorders in Children
Overview of Kidney Disorders in Children How do the kidneys work? The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy. After the body has taken the food that it needs, waste products are left behind in the bowel and in the blood. The kidneys and urinary system keep chemicals, like potassium and sodium, and water in balance by removing a type of waste, called urea, from the blood. Urea is made when foods containing protein, like meat, poultry, and certain vegetables, are broken down in the bod...
Overview of Renal Failure in Children
Overview of Renal Failure in Children What is renal failure? Renal failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There are 2 different types of renal failure — acute and chronic. Acute renal failure has a sudden onset and might be able to be reversed. Chronic renal failure progresses slowly over at least 3 months and can lead to permanent renal failure. The causes, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes of acute and chronic are different. Cond...
Overactive Let-Down Some mothers have such a strong let-down that the baby cannot handle the volume of milk. If your baby chokes, gags, or pushes off of the breast a minute or two after beginning to feed, an overactive let-down may be the cause. Most babies do learn to handle let-down as they mature, but until then you might take the baby off the breast until the milk flow slows. Try using only one breast each feeding. Some mothers find it helps to position the baby so that the back of the baby's throat...
Overuse Injuries An increasing number of boys and girls are playing recreational and organized sports. As a result, there is a rise in the number of overuse injuries seen among children and adolescents. The majority of sports and overuse injuries are due to minor trauma involving soft tissue injuries — injuries that affect the bone, muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons. What are the most common types of overuse injuries? Type of overuse injury Symptoms Possible cause Jumper's knee (patellar tendonitis) Te...
Online Resources - Neurological Disorders
Online Resources - Neurological Disorders This Web page was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your health care provider. The content provided here is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your child'...
Overview of Diagnostic Tests for Nervous System Disorders in Children
Overview of Diagnostic Tests for Nervous System Disorders in Children What are some diagnostic tests for nervous system disorders? Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system can be very complicated. Many of the same symptoms occur in different combinations among the different disorders. To further complicate the diagnostic process, many disorders do not have definitive causes, markers, or tests. Neurological tests to evaluate children may include: Computed tomography scan (also called a CT o...
Overview of Pregnancy Loss
Overview of Pregnancy Loss What is pregnancy loss? Pregnancy loss is the death of an unborn baby at any time during pregnancy. It is estimated that pregnancy loss occurs in over half of all early pregnancies. Most of these occur so early that the mother does not even know she is pregnant. The majority of pregnancy losses occur during the first trimester. Pregnancy loss includes: Anembryonic pregnancy. The egg is fertilized, but never develops into an embryo. Miscarriage. This is early pregnancy loss, al...
Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear)
Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear) What is otitis externa? Otitis externa, also called swimmer's ear, is an inflammation of the external ear canal. Swimmer's ear is caused by fungi or bacteria. Water that remains trapped in the ear canal (when swimming, for example) may provide a source for the growth of bacteria and fungi. What causes swimmer's ear? Many different factors can increase your child's chance of developing swimmer's ear. One of the causes is swimming or other wet, humid conditions. Other possib...
Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection)
Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection) What is otitis media (OM)? Click Image to Enlarge Otitis media is inflammation in the middle ear. Otitis media can occur as a result of a cold, sore throat, or respiratory infection. Facts about otitis media More than 80% of children have at least one episode of otitis media by the time they are 3 years of age. Otitis media can also affect adults, although it is mainly a condition that occurs in children. Who is at risk of getting ear infections? While any child may d...
Overview of Neck Masses
Overview of Neck Masses What are neck masses? Neck masses are common problems in infants and children. Some neck masses are congenital (present at birth) and result from abnormal formation during embryonic development. Many neck masses appear with an upper respiratory infection such as a cold or sinus infection. Some are not found until they become enlarged and painful from infection. Although a neck mass can involve other structures in the head and neck area, most are benign (noncancerous). Cancerous n...
Overactive Adrenal Glands/Cushing's Syndrome in Children
Overactive Adrenal Glands / Cushing's Syndrome in Children What are overactive adrenal glands? Adrenal glands that produce too much hormones are described as overactive. Symptoms and treatment depend on which hormones are being overproduced, including the following: Androgenic steroids (androgen hormones). O verproduction of androgenic steroids, such as testosterone, can lead to exaggerated male characteristics in both men and women. These signs include excess hair on the face and body, baldness, acne, ...
Other Benign Skin Growths in Children
Other Benign Skin Growths in Children What are other benign skin growths? As a person grows older and is exposed to sunlight, the skin changes. Children may have freckles and moles. These may multiply or darken over time in response to sun exposure. What are the different types of skin growths? Skin Growth Characteristics Treatment Dermatofibromas Small, firm, red or brown bumps caused by an accumulation of fibroblasts (soft tissue cells under the skin). They often happen on the legs and may itch. They ...
Orthodontics/Braces for Children
Orthodontics/Braces for Children What is orthodontics? Orthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the development, prevention, and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite, and jaws. Orthodontists also have specialized training in facial abnormalities and disorders of the jaw. Your dentist may refer your child to an orthodontist. The American Dental Association recommends that every child have an orthodontic evaluation by 7 years of age. Why choose orthodontic treatment? Any orthodontic...
Online Resources - Craniofacial Anomalies
Online Resources - Craniofacial Anomalies This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's health care provider. The content provided here is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your chi...
Overview of Pacemakers and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs) in Children
Overview of Pacemakers and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs) in Children What is an implanted pacemaker? An implanted pacemaker is a small device implanted under the skin that sends electrical signals to control an irregular or slow heartbeat. An implanted pacemaker may be used to stimulate the heartbeat if the heart's natural pacemaker (the sinoatrial, or SA, node) is not working properly, has developed an abnormally slow rate, or if the electrical pathways are blocked. Rhythm problems may...
Osgood-Schlatter Disease What is Osgood-Schlatter disease? Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone in growing children and adolescents. What causes Osgood-Schlatter disease? Osgood-Schlatter disease is characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon and surrounding soft tissues. It is caused by the constant pulling of the patellar tendon on the area below the knee where the tendon attaches. Click Ima...
Oral Health Many different oral and dental conditions affect adolescents and require the clinical care of a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Orthodontics and Braces Wisdom Teeth Extraction Periodontal Disease
Online Resources - Adolescent Medicine
Online Resources - Adolescent Medicine This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your adolescent's health care provider. The content provided here is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your adolescent's health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding y...
Obesity in Adolescents
Obesity in Adolescents What is obesity? Overweight and obesity together represent the second leading preventable cause of death in the U.S. Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can cause harm to a person's health. Overweight and obesity are not the same. Instead they are different points on a range of weight that spans being underweight to being morbidly obese. The portion of people who fit into overweight and obese is set by body mass index (BMI). Public health professionals agree that overweight...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.