Pesticides, Plastics Chemicals Tied to Earlier Menopause in Women
Pesticides, Plastics Chemicals Tied to Earlier Menopause in Women WEDNESDAY, Jan. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Extensive exposure to common chemicals appears to be linked to an earlier start of menopause, a new study suggests. Researchers found that menopause typically begins two to four years earlier in women whose bodies have high levels of certain chemicals found in household items, personal care products, plastics and the environment, compared to women with lower levels of the chemicals. The investi...
Prostate Cancer Patients Who Smoke Fare Worse, Study Finds
Prostate Cancer Patients Who Smoke Fare Worse, Study Finds TUESDAY, Jan. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking doubles the chances that a prostate cancer patient will see his disease spread and that he will eventually die from his illness, a new study finds. "Basically we found that people who smoke had a higher risk of their tumor coming back, of it spreading and, ultimately, even dying of prostate cancer," said study co-author Dr. Michael Zelefsky. He is vice chair of clinical research in the departmen...
Pneumonia Raises Heart Disease Risk for Years: Study
Pneumonia Raises Heart Disease Risk for Years: Study TUESDAY, Jan. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Older patients hospitalized with pneumonia appear to have an increased risk of heart attack, stroke or death from heart disease for years afterward, a new study finds. This elevated risk was highest in the first month after pneumonia -- fourfold -- but remained 1.5 times higher over subsequent years, the researchers say. "A single episode of pneumonia could have long-term consequences several months or years ...
Pizza Takes a Slice Out of Kids' Health, Study Finds
Pizza Takes a Slice Out of Kids' Health, Study Finds MONDAY, Jan. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- On the days your kids eat pizza, they likely take in more calories, fat and sodium than on other days, a new study found. On any given day in the United States in 2009-10, one in five young children and nearly one in four teens ate pizza for a meal or snack, researchers found. "Given that pizza remains a highly prevalent part of children's diet, we need to make healthy pizza the norm," said study author Lisa P...
Poor Sleep Tied to More Drinking, Drug Use by Teens
Poor Sleep Tied to More Drinking, Drug Use by Teens FRIDAY, Jan. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of sleep raises teens' risk of alcohol and drug problems, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from more than 6,500 American teens that was collected in three separate waves: 1994-95, 1996 and 2001-02. The findings appear in the February online issue of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research . "Sleep difficulties at the first wave significantly predicted alcohol-related int...
Pursuing Pancreatic Cancer's Deadly Secret
Pursuing Pancreatic Cancer's Deadly Secret FRIDAY, Jan. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new lab study might help explain why pancreatic cancer is so deadly. "Patients with the earliest stage of pancreatic cancer have a survival rate of only 30 percent. This suggests that even in that very early stage of invasive cancer there are already cells that have spread to distant parts of the body," said study author Dr. Diane Simeone, director of the Pancreatic Cancer Center at the University of Michigan Comprehe...
Petty 'Crimes' Sometimes Tied to Dementia
Petty 'Crimes' Sometimes Tied to Dementia THURSDAY, Jan. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some older adults with dementia unwittingly commit crimes like theft or trespassing, and for a small number, it can be a first sign of their mental decline, a new study finds. The behavior, researchers found, is most often seen in people with a subtype of frontotemporal dementia. Frontotemporal dementia accounts for about 10 to 15 percent of all dementia cases, according to the Alzheimer's Association. Meanwhile, older ...
Parent's Suicide Attempt Makes Child's Much More Likely: Study
Parent's Suicide Attempt Makes Child's Much More Likely: Study TUESDAY, Dec. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When a parent has a history of attempting suicide, the odds of a suicide attempt in their child rises fivefold, compared to the offspring of people without such histories, a new study finds. Reporting in the Dec. 30 online edition of JAMA Psychiatry , researchers led by Dr. David Brent of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center tracked more than 700 young and adult-aged children (ages ranged fro...
Pollution Plagues Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca
Pollution Plagues Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca MONDAY, Dec. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution in Mecca rises sharply each year when millions of Muslims make the annual holy pilgrimage (hajj) to the Saudi Arabian city, a new study shows. "Hajj is like nothing else on the planet. You have 3 to 4 million people -- a whole good-sized city -- coming into an already existing city," Isobel Simpson, a research chemist in the atmospheric chemistry laboratory at the University of California, Irvine, said i...
Poverty Makes Diabetes Care Tougher, Study Reports
Poverty Makes Diabetes Care Tougher, Study Reports MONDAY, Dec. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People with diabetes who have difficulty paying for food, medicine and other basic needs also have trouble managing their diabetes, a new study finds. Those who have trouble paying for food or medicine had the highest risk of poor diabetes control, according to the study. Poor control means higher blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure than normal, the researchers said. "Despite insurance coverage, unmet ba...
Preventing Emergency Surgeries Could Save $1 Billion
Preventing Emergency Surgeries Could Save $1 Billion MONDAY, Dec. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies to reduce the number of emergency surgeries in the United States could save up to $1 billion in health care costs over a decade, new research suggests. The study also found that surgeries planned ahead of time (elective surgery) are less risky for patients and generally have better outcomes. "The costs of surgical care represent nearly 30 percent of total health care expenditures and they are projec...
Pack a Travel First-Aid Kit for the Holidays
Pack a Travel First-Aid Kit for the Holidays FRIDAY, Dec. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- If you're planning on traveling during the holidays, be sure to pack a travel first-aid kit, an expert recommends. "A good first-aid kit should help you cope with many of the situations that can make your vacation less than perfect -- like a headache or a stomachache," Caroline Sullivan, an assistant professor of Columbia University School of Nursing, said in a university news release. "Once you set up the kit, just c...
Preschoolers Need Eye Screening, Experts Say
Preschoolers Need Eye Screening, Experts Say FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- All children should have their eyesight checked between the ages of 3 and 6, preferably every year, eye experts say. The new vision-screening guidelines for preschool-aged children are from an expert panel of the U.S. National Center for Children's Vision Health. The panel said that children in this age group require screening for eye problems, particularly vision issues that require correction with glasses, such as a...
Poor Students Eat Healthier Foods at School, Study Finds
Poor Students Eat Healthier Foods at School, Study Finds TUESDAY, Dec. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Poor students get more fruits and vegetables at school than they do at home, a new study finds. But, the opposite is true for students from wealthier families. These findings show that having fruits and vegetables at school may give a healthy boost to poor students' diets, according to the study. But, no matter what the family income level, students all ate a similar amount of fruits and vegetables at sch...
Patients Given Less Blood During Surgery Do Fine, Study Reports
Patients Given Less Blood During Surgery Do Fine, Study Reports FRIDAY, Dec. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Heart disease patients who receive smaller amounts of blood during surgery do as well as those who get more blood, a new study finds. The research included more than 2,000 heart disease patients who were followed for as long as four years after surgery. Half received larger amounts of blood during surgery and half received up to two-thirds less blood. Those who received less blood did not have an in...
Poor Sperm Quality May Signal Health Issues, Study Finds
Poor Sperm Quality May Signal Health Issues, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Defects in sperm within semen may be linked to a variety of health problems, including high blood pressure, heart disease, and skin and glandular disorders, a new study suggests. The defects probably don't cause these problems. It's more likely that semen quality reflects overall health, the researchers said. "It may be that infertility is a marker for sickness overall," said lead researcher Dr. Michael...
Progress Still Needed on 'Race Gap' in Older Americans' Health
Progress Still Needed on 'Race Gap' in Older Americans' Health WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older blacks are still faring worse than whites in the United States when it comes to managing heart disease and diabetes, a new study finds. Researchers found that from 2006 to 2011, black Medicare patients were consistently less likely than whites to have their high blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar under control. But the study, published in Thursday's New England Journal of Medicine, ...
Prenatal Exposure to Common Chemicals Linked to Lower IQs in Study
Prenatal Exposure to Common Chemicals Linked to Lower IQs in Study WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children exposed in the womb to higher amounts of two chemicals commonly found in plastics may be at higher risk for lower IQ, a new study suggests. The two compounds, di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP), are part of a class of chemicals called phthalates and are found in a variety of household goods. "This study adds to the small but growing body of research linking c...
Press Releases Blamed for Exaggerated Health News
Press Releases Blamed for Exaggerated Health News WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exaggerated news reports about health research often can be traced back to press releases issued by universities, a new British study suggests. Improving the accuracy of these news releases could greatly reduce the amount of misleading health news, the researchers said in their Dec. 9 report in the BMJ . The blame "lies mainly with the increasing culture of university competition and self-promotion, interactin...
Preliminary Studies Target Advanced Breast Cancers
Preliminary Studies Target Advanced Breast Cancers WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two preliminary studies into medications under development may offer some hope for women with advanced breast cancer. A breast cancer specialist says the findings aren't a "home run," but so far the experimental treatments show some promise, especially the pair of drugs for advanced cancer that is estrogen-receptor-positive. "We're finding drugs that can delay cancer and hopefully improve survival. And we're ...
Painkiller Tramadol Linked to Low Blood Sugar
Painkiller Tramadol Linked to Low Blood Sugar MONDAY, Dec. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The narcotic painkiller tramadol (Ultram) seems to be associated with an increased risk of dangerously low blood sugar, Canadian researchers report. Tramadol is a narcotic drug whose use has increased steadily worldwide. The new research links taking the drug to around a threefold increased risk of being hospitalized for low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), according to the study. In some cases, those low blood sugar episo...
Prompt Treatment of Shoulder Dislocation May Prevent Future Problems
Prompt Treatment of Shoulder Dislocation May Prevent Future Problems MONDAY, Dec. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Immediate medical treatment of a dislocated shoulder reduces the risk of bone, muscle and nerve injuries as well as the risk of future dislocations, a new study found. Prompt treatment includes scans of the shoulder before and after it is reset. These scans check for possible fractures or other muscle and bone injuries, according to the researchers who reviewed available literature on the topic....
Public Restrooms No Germier Than Your Home, Study Finds
Public Restrooms No Germier Than Your Home, Study Finds FRIDAY, Dec. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many people envision public restrooms as filthy and crawling with nasty germs, but they're actually as healthy as the average room in your home, a new study reports. Microbiologists tracking bacteria and viruses in four public restrooms found that most of the bacteria present came from human skin and outdoor environments. Illness-causing fecal bacteria were present in the restrooms, but represented less than...
Painkiller Abuse More Likely for Those Who Skip College: Study
Painkiller Abuse More Likely for Those Who Skip College: Study FRIDAY, Dec. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults who skip college are more likely to abuse prescription painkillers than their degree-bound peers, a new study finds. "Our findings clearly show there is a need for young adult prevention and intervention programs to target nonmedical prescription drug use beyond college campuses," said first author Dr. Silvia Martins, an associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman...
Poorest Seniors at Risk for Repeat Hospital Stays
Poorest Seniors at Risk for Repeat Hospital Stays MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors from the poorest U.S. neighborhoods are at increased risk for repeat trips to the hospital for heart disease or pneumonia, a new study finds. The research, published in the Dec. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine , looked at records from nearly 256,000 Medicare patients who were discharged from a hospital after being treated for heart complications or pneumonia. The investigators found that people ...
Parents Need to Take Lead on Teen Concussion Prevention
Parents Need to Take Lead on Teen Concussion Prevention TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Parents need to take an active role in protecting their children from sports concussions, an expert warns. Parents must make sure sports-playing teens have the right protective gear and undergo standard, Dr. David Dodick, chair of the American Migraine Foundation and a professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine in Scottsdale, Ariz. in an American Migraine Foundation, said in a foundation ...
Parents Want Children in Day Care to Be Vaccinated: Poll
Parents Want Children in Day Care to Be Vaccinated: Poll TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Three-quarters of American parents would consider removing their children from day care if other kids did not have all the recommended vaccinations, and many say that under-vaccinated children shouldn't be allowed to attend day care. Those are among the findings from a national survey of parents of children up to 5 years old. The parents were asked how they would respond if 25 percent of children in their...
Preterm-Birth Complications Leading Global Killer of Young Children
Preterm-Birth Complications Leading Global Killer of Young Children MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than 3,000 children under the age of 5 die worldwide each day from preterm birth complications, making it the leading cause of death among young children, a new study reports. That means that for the first time in history, complications from preterm births are the leading killer of young children around the globe, according to the researchers. Complications from preterm birth caused nearly ...
Pain, Depression Tied to Delirium Risk After Surgery for Seniors
Pain, Depression Tied to Delirium Risk After Surgery for Seniors TUESDAY, Nov. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Pain and depression before an operation may increase seniors' risk for delirium after surgery, a new study suggests. Rates of delirium after surgery are highest among older patients, occurring in up to 51 percent of those aged 65 and older. Previous research has also shown that depression is a major risk factor for delirium, which is a disoriented state marked by a sharp decrease in attention and ...
Protect Yourself in Icy Temperatures, Heavy Snow
Protect Yourself in Icy Temperatures, Heavy Snow TUESDAY, Nov. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- As the winter's first big snowstorm hits the Midwest and an Arctic blast barrels toward the East Coast this week, experts are offering tips on how to deal with the cold and snow. Temperatures in some areas are dipping into the single digits, and that's when adequate clothing is key, said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency medicine physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "It's important to dress in layers...
Phone Counseling Helps Rural Women With Cancer Gene Tests
Phone Counseling Helps Rural Women With Cancer Gene Tests TUESDAY, Nov. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Telephone counseling on genetic testing is as effective as in-person counseling for women at high risk for breast or ovarian cancer, a new study finds. While in-person genetic counseling is available for many women in cities, that's typically not the case for women in rural areas, the researchers noted. This study included 988 women at risk for hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer. All received a pers...
PTSD in Women Linked to Premature Birth
PTSD in Women Linked to Premature Birth THURSDAY, Nov. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) significantly increases a pregnant woman's risk of premature birth, according to a new study. Researchers examined more than 16,000 births involving female U.S. military veterans between 2000 and 2012, and found that having PTSD in the year before delivery increased the risk of spontaneous premature birth by 35 percent. In spontaneous premature birth, the mother goes into labor...
Premature Births Down in U.S., But Rates Still High, Reports Say
Premature Births Down in U.S., But Rates Still High, Reports Say THURSDAY, Nov. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm births in the United States fell to 11.4 percent in 2013, the lowest rate in 17 years, the March of Dimes reported Thursday. And an unrelated U.S. study finds more good news: Since 2005, the rate of preterm deliveries has declined consistently each year for the first time in more than two decades. However, experts hope to see the number of premature births fall even lower. "Having a preter...
Prescribe Blood Thinner Pradaxa With Caution, Study Warns
Prescribe Blood Thinner Pradaxa With Caution, Study Warns MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors may want to use caution when prescribing the blood thinner Pradaxa for a common irregular heart beat called atrial fibrillation. So say the authors of a new study that shows Pradaxa carries a higher risk of major bleeding and of gastrointestinal bleeding compared to the traditional blood thinner warfarin. However, patients taking Pradaxa (dagibatran) also had a reduced risk of bleeding in the brain...
Plastics' Chemical May Affect Baby Boys' Genital Development
Plastics' Chemical May Affect Baby Boys' Genital Development WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to a common plastics' chemical during pregnancy may have effects on genital development in baby boys, a small study hints. Researchers found that baby boys born to moms with greater exposure to a chemical called DiNP tended to have a shorter anogenital distance -- the space between the genitals and anus. Anogenital distance is set in the womb, and it's considered a marker of exposure to and...
Playing the Field May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk: Study
Playing the Field May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk: Study TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having sex with more than 20 women might have some risks for men, but a new study suggests it could also have an unexpected health benefit. Canadian researchers report that such promiscuity lowers the risk of prostate cancer by 28 percent. The same did not hold true if a man had sex with a similar amount of men, however. In fact, having that many male partners doubled the chances of prostate cancer, the st...
Pricey Hepatitis Drug a Good Bet in U.S. Prisons, Study Says
Pricey Hepatitis Drug a Good Bet in U.S. Prisons, Study Says MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Using an expensive drug to treat prison inmates with hepatitis C is more cost-effective than another treatment option, according to a new study. More than 500,000 prison inmates in the United States have hepatitis C, which causes liver damage. It's spread by contact with infected blood. The drug Sovaldi (sofosbuvir) costs more than $7,000 a week for 12 weeks of treatment. Some states are concerned abou...
Parkinson's Drugs May Spur Compulsive Behaviors
Parkinson's Drugs May Spur Compulsive Behaviors MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease may raise the risk of so-called impulse control disorders, according to a new review. These disorders include compulsive gambling, compulsive shopping and/or hypersexuality. That increased risk was seen in a fresh review of a decade's worth of U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) records. "What we have here is a striking example of a major problem in drug safety,"...
Peak Pain Level Main Factor in Negative Childbirth Memories: Study
Peak Pain Level Main Factor in Negative Childbirth Memories: Study FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The peak intensity of pain during delivery, not the amount of time in labor, influences women's memories of pain during childbirth, a new study suggests. The study included 320 pregnant women who were asked to rate their pain every 20 minutes during labor. The women were asked about their labor pain again two days and two months after giving birth. They rated their pain on a scale of 1 (no pain) ...
Psoriasis Tied to Raised Risk of Uncontrolled Blood Pressure
Psoriasis Tied to Raised Risk of Uncontrolled Blood Pressure WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People with more severe cases of psoriasis may be at increased risk of uncontrolled high blood pressure, a large study finds. Researchers looking at over 13,000 adults in the United Kingdom found that those with severe psoriasis were 48 percent more likely to have poorly controlled blood pressure, versus people without the skin condition. The findings, reported online Oct. 15 in the journal JAMA Der...
Parenthood May Push Cancer Patients to Seek More Treatment
Parenthood May Push Cancer Patients to Seek More Treatment WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Being a parent makes cancer patients more likely to seek life-extending treatments, a new study says. The study included 42 parents with advanced cancer. The average age of the patients was 44. The average age of their children was 12. The patients were asked how being a parent affects their treatment decisions. Nearly two-thirds said being a parent motivated them to find ways to extend their lives, m...
Post-Op Pain Management Improves in Past Decade, Survey Shows
Post-Op Pain Management Improves in Past Decade, Survey Shows TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of American patients who experience serious post-operative pain appears to have fallen significantly over the past decade, a new survey reveals. How significantly? In 2003, 63 percent of those polled said they struggled with some kind of notable pain two weeks after in-hospital surgery, but in 2014, only 39 percent had similar experiences, according to the survey. "I should say, first ...
Peers Best at Convincing High-Risk Individuals to Get HIV Test: Study
Peers Best at Convincing High-Risk Individuals to Get HIV Test: Study FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The best way to get people at high risk for HIV tested for the AIDS-causing virus is to have other high-risk people do the convincing, a new study suggests. This approach worked especially when the people doing the urging were paid for each high-risk person they successfully referred for testing, researchers reported. People who were contacted through this approach were 2.5 times more likely t...
Potential Clue to Ebola Treatments Uncovered, Researchers Say
Potential Clue to Ebola Treatments Uncovered, Researchers Say THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists who mapped out the shape and structure of a key protein in the Ebola virus say their discovery could help efforts to develop drugs to prevent or treat infection with the deadly pathogen. The protein has a molecular architecture unlike any protein known to exist, according to the researchers. Its distinctive folded shape may be crucial to how the virus replicates itself inside cells, they s...
Pets Really Are Like People's Children, Brain Scans Suggest
Pets Really Are Like People's Children, Brain Scans Suggest FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Brain scans are helping scientists better understand the bond between people and their beloved pets. The study included 14 women who had at least one child between the ages of 2 and 10 and one dog that had been in the household for two or more years. Imaging technology called functional MRI was used to monitor the women's brain activity as they looked at photos of their children and their dogs. Brain are...
Preterm Birth, Pneumonia Leading Causes of Death for Children Under 5
Preterm Birth, Pneumonia Leading Causes of Death for Children Under 5 WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 2 million children younger than 5 died worldwide in 2013 of complications from premature birth and pneumonia, a new study shows. In all, 6.3 million children under 5 died in 2013, said researchers who examined the leading causes of death. They were complications from premature birth, resulting in 965,000 deaths; pneumonia, which caused 935,000 deaths, and childbirth complications, whi...
Pediatricians Endorse IUDs, Implants for Teen Birth Control
Pediatricians Endorse IUDs, Implants for Teen Birth Control MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Long-acting contraceptive devices should be the first choice of birth control for teenage girls, new recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics state. Although most U.S. teens opt for condoms or birth control pills, two other forms of contraception -- intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants -- are much more reliable, according to the academy. And they should be the "first-li...
Pregnancy Tests and Procedures
Preparing for Pregnancy
Preventing MRSA in Athletes
Preventing MRSA in Athletes Drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (staph) infections are a hazard for athletes of all ages. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus , commonly known as MRSA, is a type of bacterial infection resistant to common antibiotics such as penicillin. These staph bacteria most often cause minor skin infections in young athletes, but if untreated, it may invade the bloodstream and become a life-threatening infection. Millions of people see their doctor for MRSA skin infections e...
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS HIV attacks the cells of your body's immune system. You need a strong immune system to fight off germs like bacteria and viruses, so having HIV may give those germs a better opportunity to make you sick. When germs take advantage of your weakened defense system, they are called opportunistic infections. Opportunistic infections that other people might fight off easily could make you really sick if you have HIV. Getting one or more of these infections could...
Pneumoconiosis Pneumoconiosis is one of a group of interstitial lung diseases caused by breathing in certain kinds of dust particles that damage your lungs. Because you are likely to encounter these dusts only in the workplace, pneumoconiosis is called an occupational lung disease. Pneumoconiosis usually take years to develop. Because your lungs can't get rid of all these dust particles, they cause inflammation in your lungs that can eventually lead to scar tissue. Types of pneumoconiosis The disease ap...
Pramlintide Acetate Solution for injection
Pramlintide Acetate Solution for injection What is this medicine? PRAMLINTIDE (PRAM lin tide) is a man-made form of a hormone normally found in the body. It is used to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults. This medicine works with insulin to control blood sugar. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. You will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Use exactly as directed. Do not mix this medicine with insulin in the same syringe. Take this medicine...
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Coronary Angioplasty, and Stent Placement
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Coronary Angioplasty, and Stent Placement Procedure overview Click Image to Enlarge What is coronary angioplasty? Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is performed to open blocked coronary arteries caused by coronary artery disease (CAD) and to restore arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without open-heart surgery. Using a guidewire, a special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into the coronary artery and past the blockage in the blockage. The cath...
Pacemaker Insertion Procedure overview What is a pacemaker insertion? A pacemaker insertion is the implantation of a small electronic device that is usually placed in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate slow electrical problems with the heart. A pacemaker may be recommended to ensure that the heartbeat does not slow to a dangerously low rate. The heart's electrical system Click Image to Enlarge The heart is basically a pump made up of muscle tissue that is stimulated by electrical cur...
Pap Test (Pap Smear, Pap Screening, Papanicolaou Test) Procedure overview What is a Pap test? A Pap test, named after Dr. George Papanicolaou who designed the test, is a screening test to collect and microscopically examine cells taken from the cervix, the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb) located between the bladder and the rectum. The cervix forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body. With a Pap test, cells can be collected from the vagina as well as the cer...
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs, Pulmonary Function Studies, Lung Function Studies/Tests, Airflow Assessment) Procedure overview What are pulmonary function tests? Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive diagnostic tests that provide measurable feedback about the function of the lungs. By assessing lung volumes, capacities, rates of flow, and gas exchange, PFTs provide information that, when evaluated by your doctor, can help diagnosis certain lung disorders. A normally-functioning pulmonary syst...
Pulmonary Angiogram (Angiogram-Pulmonary, Pulmonary Angiography, Pulmonary Arteriogram, Pulmonary Arteriography, Angiogram of the Lungs) Procedure overview What is a pulmonary angiogram? An angiogram, also called an arteriogram, is an X-ray image of the blood vessels. It is performed to evaluate various vascular conditions, such as an aneurysm (ballooning of a blood vessel), stenosis (narrowing of a blood vessel), or blockages. A pulmonary angiogram is an angiogram of the blood vessels of the lungs. A p...
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