Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
U.S. Health Report Card Finds Racial, Ethnic Disparities Persist
U.S. Health Report Card Finds Racial, Ethnic Disparities Persist WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A report card on Americans' health finds that racial and ethnic disparities persist, with significant gaps in obesity, cesarean births and dental care. But advances have been made in some important areas, including infant death rates, women smokers and numbers of uninsured, according to a new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "We have seen important improvements in s...
U.S. Suicide Rate Up 24 Percent Since 1999: CDC
U.S. Suicide Rate Up 24 Percent Since 1999: CDC FRIDAY, April 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide rates in the United States rose 24 percent between 1999 and 2014, with young girls and middle-aged men accounting for the largest increases, federal health officials reported Friday. By 2014, the total suicide rate reached 13 per 100,000 people, said researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. The greatest annual increases occurred after 200...
U.S. Health Experts Debate Advice to Women Once Zika Virus Arrives
U.S. Health Experts Debate Advice to Women Once Zika Virus Arrives FRIDAY, April 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Following U.S. health officials' announcement earlier this week that the Zika virus can definitely cause birth defects, many of those same experts are now locked in an unprecedented debate. Should government health-care officials recommend that American women delay getting pregnant in regions of the country once the mosquito-borne virus becomes active there? So far, the virus in U.S. territories...
Underweight or Obese Women Who Drink and Smoke May Have Higher Asthma Risk
Underweight or Obese Women Who Drink and Smoke May Have Higher Asthma Risk SATURDAY, April 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they have pinpointed several factors that increase asthma risk in women and -- to a lesser extent -- in men. They analyzed data from about 175,000 people between the ages of 18 and 44 in 51 countries. They found that underweight or obese women who drank and smoked were twice as likely to have asthma as those with a healthy weight who didn't drink or smoke. Underweight or...
U.S. Moving Money From Ebola Fund to Help Fight Zika
U.S. Moving Money From Ebola Fund to Help Fight Zika WEDNESDAY, April 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Obama administration is shifting $589 million in funding to prepare for likely outbreaks of Zika virus in the United States during the upcoming mosquito season, senior officials announced Wednesday. The money includes $510 million originally intended for fighting the Ebola virus, which officials said remains a global health threat. U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell said the...
U.S. Autism Rate Unchanged at 1 in 68 Kids: CDC
U.S. Autism Rate Unchanged at 1 in 68 Kids: CDC THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The autism rate among school-aged children in the United States has held steady in recent years, but it's too early to determine whether rates are stabilizing, according to a federal government report released Thursday. The autism rate was 1 in 68 children in 2012, the same as it was in 2010, according to the latest data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC gets its numbers from moni...
Uninsured Parents Often Unaware Kids Could Be Covered
Uninsured Parents Often Unaware Kids Could Be Covered TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many parents of minority children in the United States are unaware that their youngsters qualify for government health insurance, a new study reveals. "Our findings indicate an urgent need for better parental education about Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP)," said study author Dr. Glenn Flores. He is chair of health policy research for the Medica Research Institute in Minnetonka, ...
U.S. Heart Disease Deaths Shifting South
U.S. Heart Disease Deaths Shifting South MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer Americans are dying from heart disease compared with 40 years ago, but not all parts of the country are showing the same downward trend, a new federal government study finds. Researchers say the nation's heart-disease hotbeds have largely migrated south. In the 1970s, U.S. counties with the highest death rates from heart disease were clustered in the Northeast; now they are concentrated in Southern states, especial...
U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall
U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overall rates of cancer and deaths from cancer in the United States continue to decline, a newly released report says. However, an increase in liver cancer deaths is cause for concern, the report authors noted. An increase in hepatitis C infections is likely a major reason for the increase, they said. "The latest data show many cancer prevention programs are working and saving lives," Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U...
U.S. Pediatricians to Add Poverty to Well-Visit Checklist
U.S. Pediatricians to Add Poverty to Well-Visit Checklist WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians in the United States already ask parents about their child's sleep, diet and developmental milestones. Soon, they'll add poverty to the well-visit checklist. Poverty can significantly harm a child's health, according to a new American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement. The group says pediatricians can identify children at risk by asking parents a single question: "Do you have difficu...
Urinary Incontinence Risk Rises Slightly After Vaginal Birth, Study Finds
Urinary Incontinence Risk Rises Slightly After Vaginal Birth, Study Finds FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who give birth vaginally are slightly more likely to develop urinary incontinence afterward compared to women who have cesarean sections, according to Finnish researchers. However, experts in the United States stressed that C-section deliveries come with their own risks, so the choice of how to deliver a child must be made between a woman and her doctor. Urinary incontinence is a com...
U.S. Action on Climate Change Could Save Nearly 300,000 Lives by 2030: Study
U.S. Action on Climate Change Could Save Nearly 300,000 Lives by 2030: Study MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hundreds of thousands of premature deaths could be prevented if the United States takes tough action on climate change in line with the Paris Agreement signed last December, a new study contends. Researchers estimate that 295,000 premature deaths from heart and lung disease could be prevented by 2030, and about 36,000 every year after that -- if the nation markedly cuts back on power pl...
U.S. Internet Searches Highlight E-cig's Surging Popularity
U.S. Internet Searches Highlight E-cig's Surging Popularity FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Online searches for information about electronic cigarettes are on the rise. But, most people want to know how and where to get the products rather than the health effects of "vaping" or how to quit smoking, a new study shows. In 2014, online users in the United States conducted about 8.5 million searches for e-cigarette information on Google, and that number may have increased 62 percent in 2015, accor...
Untreated High Blood Pressure Greatly Raises Risk of 'Bleeding' Stroke
Untreated High Blood Pressure Greatly Raises Risk of 'Bleeding' Stroke THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People with untreated high blood pressure face a much greater risk of a bleeding stroke, but that risk is even higher for blacks and Hispanics, a new study warns. "The average age for a brain hemorrhage [bleeding stroke] is much younger in minorities, especially in African-Americans, so they may suffer more disability earlier in life than others," study author Dr. Kyle Walsh said in an Amer...
U.S. Travelers Seek More Zika Details
U.S. Travelers Seek More Zika Details THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus outbreak isn't stopping Americans from visiting other countries, but many travelers want more information about the virus, a new survey finds. The online survey of 300 U.S. citizens who made international trips in the past five years found that about one-quarter of them planned to travel to other countries within three months. More than 90 percent of those with such plans said they will keep them, and 44 per...
Uncorrected Eye Problem Linked to Learning Issues for Preschoolers
Uncorrected Eye Problem Linked to Learning Issues for Preschoolers FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preschool children with uncorrected farsightedness are at risk for literacy problems, new research suggests. The study included nearly 500 children, aged 4 and 5, who had either moderate farsightedness (hyperopia) or normal vision. Those with uncorrected farsightedness had much lower scores on a test of early literacy than those with normal vision. This was particularly true on the portion of the...
U.S. Dementia Rates Seem to Be Falling, Study Finds
U.S. Dementia Rates Seem to Be Falling, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. seniors may be developing dementia less often and at later stages of life, a decades-long study suggests. More than 5,000 people followed for almost 40 years starting in the mid-1970s experienced an average 20 percent reduction in their risk of developing dementia, the researchers said. At the same time, the average age at which the participants fell prey to dementia rose, from about 80 in the late 1970...
U.S. Teen Treated for Rare Rat-Bite Fever
U.S. Teen Treated for Rare Rat-Bite Fever WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A U.S. teenager was diagnosed with rat-bite fever after being bitten by her pet rodent, a new report reveals. The 17-year-old was treated for the rare and serious condition after developing pain in her right hip and lower back that affected her ability to walk, doctors said. Over two weeks, the teen also experienced pain in her right leg, discomfort in a joint in her pelvis, fever, nausea and vomiting. She also develo...
U.S. Births Up, Teen and Preterm Deliveries Down: CDC
U.S. Births Up, Teen and Preterm Deliveries Down: CDC WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. women having babies rose last year for the first time since 2007, while births by teens fell to a record low. Also lower in 2014 were the number of unmarried women giving birth, the number of cesarean deliveries and the preterm birth rate, federal health officials reported Wednesday. "All of these are positive outcomes as far as infant health is concerned," said report coauthor Michelle ...
Uptravi Approved for Chronic Lung Disease
Uptravi Approved for Chronic Lung Disease TUESDAY, Dec. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Uptravi (selexipag) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension, a disabling lung disease that often leads to death or the need for lung transplant. PAH is high blood pressure that affects arteries that connect the lungs and heart. It causes the heart to work harder, resulting in shortness of breath and limiting the ability to exercise, the FDA said Tue...
U.S. Task Force Backs Statins for Those 40 to 75 at Heightened Heart Risk
U.S. Task Force Backs Statins for Those 40 to 75 at Heightened Heart Risk MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cholesterol-lowering statin drugs should be used to prevent a first heart attack or stroke in certain at-risk patients, according to a draft recommendation released Monday by the nation's leading experts in preventive medicine. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force said statins can provide maximum preventive benefits for adults 40 to 75 years old who have an existing risk factor for hear...
U.S. Task Force Stays Neutral on Cholesterol Screening for Kids
U.S. Task Force Stays Neutral on Cholesterol Screening for Kids MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There's not enough evidence to recommend screening all children and teens for high cholesterol, experts say. It's not clear if such screening up to age 20 reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force said in a draft recommendation released Monday. This is unchanged from a 2007 recommendation. "There is currently not enough research to determine whe...
U.S. Ebola Survivors Suffered Lingering Effects
U.S. Ebola Survivors Suffered Lingering Effects WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People who survive Ebola don't walk away unscathed, doctors have learned. Every Ebola survivor treated in the United States has suffered from at least one chronic health issue for months following their release from the hospital, according to a report published Dec. 17 in the New England Journal of Medicine . These issues affected joints, muscles, moods and even the senses, as some patients have reported blurry ...
U.S. Abortion Rate Hits Record Low: CDC
U.S. Abortion Rate Hits Record Low: CDC FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. abortion rate has declined by more than one-third over the past two decades to a record low, federal officials reported Friday. Abortions fell 35 percent between 1990 and 2010, reaching 17.7 procedures per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44, said report lead author Sally Curtin, a statistician for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. That's the lowest abortion rate since t...
U.S. Adult Smoking Rate Dips Below 15 Percent: CDC
U.S. Adult Smoking Rate Dips Below 15 Percent: CDC TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The number of American adults who light up has fallen to a new low of just 14.9 percent, according to the latest figures from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Just last week, the CDC published 2014 figures showing that last year, 16.8 percent of adults smoked. But the new statistics -- which tracked smoking rates to June of this year -- show the number has tumbled even further. Compare that ...
Use of E-Cigarettes, Hookahs Rising Among Hispanics, Study Says
Use of E-Cigarettes, Hookahs Rising Among Hispanics, Study Says WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Use of electronic cigarettes and water pipes (hookahs) is rising among Hispanics in the United States, a new study finds. Researchers asked 180 Hispanics, aged 18 to 64, across the country about their use of tobacco products. They found "substantial use" of e-cigarettes and/or hookahs. Spanish-speaking immigrants aged 36 to 64 were least likely to use e-cigarettes or hookahs. Hispanic smokers aged...
U.S. Gets a 'C' Grade on Preterm Births
U.S. Gets a 'C' Grade on Preterm Births THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. preterm birth rate of nearly 10 percent -- one of the highest among wealthy nations -- has earned the country a "C" on the new March of Dimes Premature Birth Report Card. Among 100 American cities with the most births, Shreveport, La., scored an "F" on the report card for its preterm birth rate of almost 20 percent in 2013, the most recent year for which city-by-city data is available. Portland, Ore., had the low...
U.S. Report Urges End to 'Conversion' Therapy for LGBT Youth
U.S. Report Urges End to 'Conversion' Therapy for LGBT Youth THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Less than a year after the Obama Administration came out against so-called "conversion" therapies for gay and lesbian youth, a new government report calls for the practice to be eliminated nationwide. "No evidence supports the efficacy of such interventions to change sexual orientation or gender identity, and such interventions are potentially harmful," said the authors of the report from the Substan...
U.S. Combat Deaths Declined Under 'Golden Hour Policy': Study
U.S. Combat Deaths Declined Under 'Golden Hour Policy': Study WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Faster helicopter transport times helped reduce deaths among U.S. soldiers who suffered serious combat injuries in Afghanistan, researchers say. In 2009, the Pentagon introduced what's known as the Golden Hour Policy, directing that soldiers with critical injuries be transported by helicopter from the battlefield to a treatment center within an hour. The previous standard was two hours. Researcher...
Ultrafast Computed Tomography (Ultrafast CT Scan)
Ultrafast Computed Tomography (Ultrafast CT Scan) (Ultrafast CT, Electron-Beam Computed Tomography, EBCT, Cine CT Scan) Procedure overview Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays. In standard ...
Ureterocele and Ureteral Duplication
Ureterocele and Ureteral Duplication What is a ureterocele? A ureterocele involves the kidney, ureter, and bladder. A normal ureter is one that transports urine from the kidney to the bladder. When a child has a ureterocele, the portion of the ureter closest to the bladder becomes enlarged because the ureter opening is very tiny and obstructs urine outflow. As the urine flow is obstructed, urine backs up in the ureter tube. What is ureteral duplication? Children who have a ureterocele may also have an u...
Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
Urinary Tract Infections What are urinary tract infections (UTIs)? Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria along the urinary tract. The urinary tract is made up of 2 kidneys that remove liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine. Narrow tubes called ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The urine is stored in the bladder. When the bladder is emptied, the urine travels through a tube called the urethra and passes outside the body. Who is affected by urinary tract infections? ...
Urinary Incontinence in Children
Urinary Incontinence in Children (Enuresis) What is urinary incontinence (enuresis)? Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control. In children under age 3, it’s normal to not have full bladder control. As children get older, they become more able to control their bladder. When wetting happens in a child who is old enough to control his or her bladder, it’s known as enuresis. Enuresis can happen during the day or at night. Enuresis can be frustrating. But it’s important to be patient and remember ...
Undescended Testes (Cryptorchidism)
Undescended Testes (Cryptorchidism) What is cryptorchidism (undescended testes)? Cryptorchidism (or undescended testes) is a condition seen in newborns when one or both of the male testes have not passed down into the scrotal sac. About 10% of cases involve both testes. Cryptorchidism is more commonly seen in premature males because the testes do not descend from the abdomen to the scrotal sac until the seventh month of fetal development. What causes undescended testes? Undescended testes may occur for ...
Upper Respiratory Infection (URI or Common Cold)
Upper Respiratory Infection (URI or Common Cold) What is an upper respiratory infection (URI)? An upper respiratory infection (URI), also known as the common cold, is one of the most common illnesses, leading to more health care provider visits and absences from school and work than any other illness every year. It is estimated that during a 1-year period, people in the U.S. will suffer 1 billion colds. Caused by a virus that inflames the membranes in the lining of the nose and throat, colds can be the ...
Umbilical Cord Care
Umbilical Cord Care The umbilical cord is the baby's lifeline to the mother during pregnancy. However, it is no longer needed once the baby is born. Within a few minutes after birth, the cord is clamped and cut close to the navel. The clamp helps stop bleeding from the blood vessels in the umbilical cord. A medication is sometimes applied to the cord as part of a baby's first care. This may be a purple dye or another type of antiseptic. However, this practice has been replaced by dry cord care in most U...
Ultrasound in Pregnancy
Ultrasound in Pregnancy What is an ultrasound? An ultrasound scan is a diagnostic technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the internal organs. A screening ultrasound is sometimes done during the course of a pregnancy to monitor normal fetal growth and verify the due date. Results of ultrasounds from the first 14 weeks are most accurate in establishing or confirming due dates. Ultrasounds may be done at various times throughout pregnancy for different reasons: In the first tr...
Urinary Tract and Kidney Infections
Urinary Tract and Kidney Infections in Pregnancy A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common medical complication of pregnancy. Untreated, a UTI can cause serious problems in pregnancy. Normal urine is sterile. It contains fluids, salts, and waste products, but is free of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The tissues of the bladder are isolated from urine and toxic substances by a coating that discourages bacteria from attaching and growing on the bladder wall. The main parts of the urinary tract are: ...
Uses of Genetic Testing
Uses of Genetic Testing What are the uses of genetic testing which may be important for me to know? Diagnostic testing Diagnostic testing is used to identify or confirm the diagnosis of a disease or condition in a person or a family. Diagnostic testing gives a "yes" or "no" answer in most cases. It is sometimes helpful in determining the course of a disease and the choice of treatment. Examples of diagnostic testing include chromosome studies, direct DNA studies, and biochemical genetic testing. Predict...
Uniparental Disomy: Prader-Willi Syndrome, Angelman Syndrome
Uniparental Disomy: Prader-Willi Syndrome, Angelman Syndrome What is uniparental disomy? Normally, we inherit one copy of each chromosome pair from our biological mother, and the other copy of the chromosome pair from our biological father. This is called paternal uniparental disomy. Uniparental disomy refers to the situation in which two copies of a chromosome come from the same parent, instead of one copy coming from the mother, and one copy coming from the father. Angelman syndrome (AS) and Prader-Wi...
Ulcerative Colitis in Children
Ulcerative Colitis in Children What is ulcerative colitis? Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in which the inner lining of the large intestine (colon or bowel) and rectum become inflamed. Inflammation usually begins in the rectum and lower (sigmoid) intestine and spreads upward to the entire colon. Click image to enlarge The inflammation causes diarrhea, or frequent emptying of the colon. As cells on the surface of the lining of the colon die and slough off, ulcers (open sores) fo...
Underactive Adrenal Glands/Addison's Disease in Children
Underactive Adrenal Glands/Addison's Disease in Children What is Addison's disease? Addison's disease occurs when the two adrenal glands don't make enough steroid hormones, specifically cortisol and aldosterone. Cortisol controls the body's metabolism, suppresses inflammatory reactions, and affects immune system functions. Aldosterone regulates sodium and potassium levels. Addison's disease is relatively rare and may first appear at any age. What causes Addison's disease or inadequate corticosteroid pro...
Ultrafast/Electron Beam CT Scan
Ultrafast/Electron Beam CT Scan What is an ultrafast/electron beam CT (computed tomography) scan? In standard X-rays, a beam of energy is aimed at the body part being studied. A plate behind the body part captures the variations of the energy beam after it passes through skin, bone, muscle, and other tissue. While much information can be obtained from a regular X-ray, specific detail about internal organs and other structures is not available. With computed tomography (also called CT or CAT scan), the X...
Urticaria/Hives in Children
Urticaria/Hives in Children What is urticaria? Urticaria, or hives, is a condition in which red, itchy, and swollen areas appear on the skin. Urticaria may last for a short or long time. If it lasts only for a short time, the cause is usually an allergic reaction from eating certain foods or taking certain medications. When urticaria is long-term, the cause is often unknown. Hives can vary in size from one-half inch to several inches in size. Hives can appear all over the body or be limited to one part ...
U.S. Lung Cancer Rates Falling Overall, Study Finds
U.S. Lung Cancer Rates Falling Overall, Study Finds MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Overall lung cancer rates are dropping, according to a new analysis of nearly a half million Americans with lung cancer. But, the news wasn't all good -- the study also found that the rates of certain types of lung cancer are increasing, according to researchers from the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI). Over nearly three decades, the overall lung cancer rate has dropped approximately 12 percent, said the s...
U.S. Hospitals See Big Rise in Drug-Related Suicide Attempts
U.S. Hospitals See Big Rise in Drug-Related Suicide Attempts THURSDAY, Aug. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drug-related suicide attempts in the United States increased over a recent six-year period, with dramatic increases seen among young and middle-aged adults, health officials reported Thursday. Overall, suicide attempts involving prescription medications and other drugs jumped by 51 percent among people 12 and older between 2005 and 2011, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admi...
Unwed Parents Should Tie the Knot Before Child Turns 3: Study
Unwed Parents Should Tie the Knot Before Child Turns 3: Study THURSDAY, July 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Unwed parents who plan to get married should do it before their child is 3 so they can create the strongest possible bond, a new study suggests. It's widely believed that unwed parents are most receptive to marriage immediately after their baby's birth, a period that some refer to as the "magic moment." "It turns out the 'magic moment' lasts longer than conventional wisdom has held. And for some subg...
Understanding Heart Disease
Uroflujometría (Estudios del flujo de orina, Prueba de flujo de orina, Estudios urodinámicos) Descripción general del procedimiento ¿Qué es la uroflujometría? La uroflujometría es un procedimiento de detección de diagnóstico sencillo que se utiliza para calcular la velocidad de flujo de orina durante un tiempo. La prueba no es invasiva (no se perfora la piel) y se puede utilizar para evaluar la función de la vejiga y del esfínter. La uroflujometría se realiza mientras una persona orina en un embudo espe...
Ultrasonido abdominal (Ultrasonografía abdominal, Sonografía abdominal, Ecografía abdominal) Descripción general del procedimiento El ultrasonido abdominal es un procedimiento no invasivo (no se perfora la piel) que se utiliza para evaluar los órganos y estructuras dentro del abdomen, tales como el hígado, la vesícula biliar, el páncreas, los conductos biliares, bazo y la aorta abdominal. La tecnología de ultrasonido permite una rápida visualización de los órganos y estructuras abdominales desde fuera d...
Uterine Artery Embolization
Uterine Artery Embolization Procedure overview What is uterine artery embolization? Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a procedure that offers an alternative to traditional surgical removal of uterine fibroids. The procedure may also be referred to as uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). Uterine artery embolization shrinks fibroids by blocking off their blood supply. The blood supply is blocked by injecting very small particles into the arteries that supply the fibroids. The particles stick to the vess...
Uroflowmetry (Urine Flow Studies, Urine Flow Test, Urodynamic Studies) Procedure overview What is uroflowmetry? Uroflowmetry is a simple, diagnostic screening procedure used to calculate the flow rate of urine over time. The test is noninvasive (the skin is not pierced), and may be used to assess bladder and sphincter function. Uroflowmetry is performed by having a person urinate into a special funnel that is connected to a measuring instrument. The measuring instrument calculates the amount of urine, r...
Upper Gastrointestinal Series
Upper Gastrointestinal Series (UGI, Upper GI Series, GI Series, Upper Gastrointestinal Tract X-ray) Procedure overview What is an upper gastrointestinal series? An upper gastrointestinal series (UGI) is a radiographic (X-ray) examination of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (first part of the small intestine) are made visible on X-ray film by a liquid suspension. This liquid suspension may be barium or a water-soluble contrast. If only the pharynx (back of mouth...
Upper Respiratory Disorders
Upper Respiratory Disorders Many different upper respiratory disorders require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which we have provided a brief overview. Upper Respiratory Infection (URI, or Common Cold) Sinusitis Allergic Rhinitis Stridor Congenital Laryngeal Stridor / Laryngomalacia Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis Influenza (Flu) Epiglottitis Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Croup
Using a Breast Pump
Using a Breast Pump Health considerations when using a breast pump Breast milk is not sterile and its anti-infective properties hinder the growth of bacteria. Still, you do not want to introduce "outside" bacteria unnecessarily when getting ready to pump, during the actual pumping session, or when storing milk or transporting milk. To minimize the risk of infection, consider the following: Always wash and rinse your hands thoroughly before handling pump parts, your breasts, or the milk collection bottle...
Uso de Drogas Ilegales y el Embarazo
Uso de Drogas Ilegales y el Embarazo Riesgos asociados con el uso de drogas ilegales durante el embarazo: Los efectos que provocan las drogas ilegales, como la cocaína, pueden ser devastadores para un feto. Lamentablemente, muchas mujeres estadounidenses en edad fértil usan algún tipo de droga ilegal. El consumo de drogas ilegales durante el embarazo aumenta el riesgo de la madre de contraer anemia, infecciones de la sangre, del corazón y de la piel, hepatitis y otras enfermedades infecciosas. Además, s...
Una Visión General de Complicaciones Clínicas de Diabetes
Una Visión General de Complicaciones Clínicas de Diabetes ¿Cuáles son las complicaciones clínicas asociadas con la diabetes? Las complicaciones clínicas asociadas con la diabetes pueden incluir las siguientes: La enfermedad cardiovascular La enfermedad cardiovascular, en muchos casos, es causada por la arteriosclerosis - una acumulación en exceso de placa en la pared interior de un vaso sanguíneo grande, la cual restringe el flujo de la sangre. La cardiopatía es la causa principal de las muertes relacio...
Uso del Alcohol y las Personas que Tienen Diabetes
Uso del Alcohol y las Personas que Tienen Diabetes El alcohol y la diabetes: El consumo del alcohol puede bajar los niveles de azúcar en la sangre hasta el punto que causa síntomas de hipoglucemia (azúcar baja en la sangre). Una persona con diabetes debe mantener un registro cuidadoso de sus niveles de azúcar en la sangre al beber alcohol, porque ciertos medicamentos, incluyendo la insulina, también bajan el nivel de la glucosa. Si los niveles son muy bajos, o si el estómago está vacío, el consumo del a...
Urinary Conditions Many disorders of the urinary system require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Anatomy of the Urinary System Urinary Incontinence Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Interstitial Cystitis
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.