Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Events and Classes
Effective Sucking What is effective sucking? During effective, nutritive sucking, your baby uses the structures of his or her mouth to compress the milk sinuses beneath your breast and move milk into the back of his or her throat to swallow. Initially, your baby may seem to suck in rapid bursts to trigger milk let-down, also called the milk-ejection reflex. Once let-down happens, your baby should suck at the rate of about one suck a second. He or she pauses only to take a breath with every few sucks. Cl...
Tennis Elbow What is tennis elbow? Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury of the elbow that happens when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged. What causes tennis elbow? Tennis elbow is usually caused by repetitive activities that need you to extend your wrist, such as hitting backhand in tennis or playing other racquet sports. The risk increases as your child ages and plays harder or more competitive games. What are the symptoms of tennis elbow? The following are the most co...
Tibial Torsion What is tibial torsion? Tibial torsion is an inward twisting of the shin bones (the bones that are located between the knee and the ankle). Tibial torsion causes the child's feet to turn inward, or have what is also known as a "pigeon-toed" appearance. It is typically seen among toddlers. What causes tibial torsion? Tibial torsion can happen due to the position of the baby in the uterus. It also has a tendency to run in families. Typically, a child's walking style looks like that of his o...
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis What is slipped capital femoral epiphysis? Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a condition of the hip joint that affects children. In SCFE, the head, or "ball," of the thigh bone (referred to as the femoral head) slips off the neck of the thigh bone. An analogy commonly used to describe this condition is that it can be like a scoop of ice cream slipping off the top of a cone. This condition causes the hip joint to become painful and stiff. Click Image to Enlarge...
Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Children
Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Children What is osteogenesis imperfecta? Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also known as brittle-bone disease, is a genetic (inherited) disorder characterized by bones that break easily without a specific cause. An estimated 20,000 to 50,000 people in the U.S. have this disease. OI can affect males and females of all races. What causes osteogenesis imperfecta? The cause of OI is believed to be because of a genetic defect that causes imperfectly formed or an inadequate amount of b...
Nursemaid's Elbow What is nursemaid's elbow? Nursemaid's elbow happens when the radius (one of the bones in the forearm) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint. It is a common condition in children younger than 4 years of age. It is also called pulled elbow, slipped elbow, or toddler elbow. The medical term for nursemaid's elbow is radial head subluxation. What causes nursemaid's elbow? A sudden pulling or traction on the hand or forearm causes nursemaid's elbow. This can ...
Metatarsus Adductus What is metatarsus adductus? Metatarsus adductus, also known as metatarsus varus, is a common foot deformity noted at birth. It causes the front half of the foot, or forefoot, to turn inward. Metatarsus adductus may also be referred to as "flexible" (the foot can be straightened to a degree by hand) or "nonflexible" (the foot cannot be straightened by hand). What causes metatarsus adductus? The cause of metatarsus adductus is not known. It happens in approximately 1 to 2 per 1,000 li...
Lordosis What is lordosis? A normal spine, when viewed from behind appears straight. However, a spine affected by lordosis shows evidence of a curvature of the back bones (vertebrae) in the lower back area. This gives the child a "swayback" appearance. Click Image to Enlarge What causes lordosis? The cause of lordosis has been linked to achondroplasia and spondylolisthesis. However, lordosis may be associated with poor posture, a congenital (present at birth) problem with the vertebrae, neuromuscular pr...
Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease What is Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease? Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (or Perthes disease) is a rare condition in children in which the ball-shaped head of the thigh bone, referred to as the femoral head, loses its blood supply. As a result, the femoral head collapses. The body will absorb the dead bone cells and replace them with new bone cells. The new bone cells will eventually reshape the femoral head of the thigh bone. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease causes the hip joint to become pa...
Fractures in Children
Fractures in Children What is a fracture? A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture happens, it is classified as either open or closed: Open fracture (also called compound fracture). The bone exits and is visible through the skin, or a deep wound that exposes the bone through the skin. Closed fracture (also called simple fracture). The bone is broken, but the skin is intact. Fractures have a variety of names. Below is a listing of the common types that may happen in children...
Femoral Anteversion What is femoral anteversion? Femoral anteversion is an inward twisting of the thigh bone, also known as the femur (the bone that is located between the hip and the knee). Femoral anteversion causes the child's knees and feet to turn inward, or have what is also known as a "pigeon-toed" appearance. It is typically detected when the child is 4 years to 6 years old. Intoeing is also often noticed by parents when their child begins to walk, but it may be present in different aged childre...
Dislocations What is a dislocation? A dislocation happens when extreme force is put on a ligament, allowing the ends of two connected bones to separate. Ligaments are flexible bands of fibrous tissue that connect various bones and cartilage. Ligaments also bind the bones in a joint together. Stress on joint ligaments can lead to dislocation of the joint. The hip and shoulder joints, for example, are called "ball and socket" joints. Extreme force on the ligaments in these joints can cause the head of the...
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) What is DDH? Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a congenital (present at birth) condition of the hip joint. It happens once in every 1,000 live births. The hip joint is created as a ball and socket joint. In DDH, the hip socket may be shallow, letting the "ball" of the long leg bone, also known as the femoral head, slip in and out of the socket. The "ball" may move partially or completely out of the hip socket. Click Image to Enlarge The greatest incidence of ...
Clubfoot What is clubfoot? Clubfoot, also known as talipes equinovarus, is a congenital (present at birth) foot deformity. It affects the bones, muscles, tendons, and blood vessels and can affect one or both feet. The foot is usually short and broad in appearance and the heel points downward while the front half of the foot (forefoot) turns inward. The heel cord (Achilles tendon) is tight. The heel can appear narrow and the muscles in the calf are smaller compared to a normal lower leg. Clubfoot happens...
Using a Breast Pump
Using a Breast Pump Health considerations when using a breast pump Breastmilk is not sterile and its anti-infective properties hinder the growth of bacteria. Still, you do not want to introduce "outside" bacteria unnecessarily when getting ready to pump, during the actual pumping session, or when storing milk or transporting milk. To reduce the risk of infection, consider the following: Always wash and rinse your hands thoroughly before handling pump parts, your breasts, or the milk collection bottles o...
Storing Your Breastmilk
Storing Your Breastmilk Practical considerations when storing your breastmilk Hard plastic containers or breastmilk storage bags are the best storage containers for human milk, especially if it is to be frozen and stored for weeks or months. Avoid using regular disposable bags (such as kitchen bags or those created for bottle feeding) as freezing may cause leaking and breakdown. If using bags, squeeze the air from the top before sealing tightly. Place storage bags upright in another container or the mil...
Taking Care of Your Breast Pump and Collection Kit
Taking Care of Your Breast Pump and Collection Kit It is important to take care of your pump. With proper care, it can last the duration of your pumping experience: Read the instruction manual and follow the recommendations for cleaning the equipment. While cleaning the pieces that "collect" the milk, take apart any pieces that separate. Clean them individually. If using an electric pump with collection kit, the pump itself and any tubing portion of the kit should remain dry or they will not work approp...
Scoliosis in Children
Scoliosis in Children What is scoliosis? Click Image to Enlarge A normal spine, when viewed from behind, appears straight. However, a spine affected by scoliosis shows evidence of a lateral, or side-by-side curvature, with the spine looking like an "S" or "C" and a rotation of the back bones (vertebrae). This gives the appearance that the person is leaning to one side. Scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine measuring 10° or greater. Scoliosis is a type of spinal deformity and should not be con...
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea What is obstructive sleep apnea? Obstructive sleep apnea happens when a child stops breathing during periods of sleep. The cessation of breathing usually happens because of a blockage (obstruction) in the airway. Tonsils and adenoids may grow to be large relative to the size of a child's upper airway (passages through the nose and mouth to the windpipe and lungs). Inflamed and infected glands may grow to be larger than normal. This causes more blockage. The enlarged tonsils and a...
Overview of Diabetes Mellitus
Overview of Diabetes Mellitus What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes is a condition in which sufficient amounts of insulin are either not made, or the body is unable to use the insulin that is made. Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic disorder because the disease affects the way the body uses food to make glucose. This is the main source of fuel for the body. The three main types of diabetes include: Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks the ...
Toothache (Pulpitis) What is pulpitis or toothache? Toothaches are caused by an inflammation of the pulp inside the tooth. The pulp is part of the inside of the tooth that has tissue and nerves. A toothache usually follows injury to the tooth. The most common form of injury to the tooth is from dental caries, or a cavity. This is often a result of poor dental hygiene. What causes a toothache? Most toothaches are a result of a cavity. Sugar and starch in foods are the substances that allow bacteria in th...
Natal Teeth What are natal teeth? Natal teeth are teeth that are present when the infant is born. About 1 in every 2,000 newborn infants have natal teeth. These are not the same as neonatal teeth that erupt in the infant's mouth during the first month of life. Natal teeth are often loose because the root is not completely developed. Problems that may happen as a result of these teeth include the following: Problems with breastfeeding, as the infant may bite the mother Injury to the infant's tongue Poten...
Malocclusion What is malocclusion? Malocclusion refers to any degree of irregular contact of the teeth of the upper jaw with the teeth of the lower jaw. This would include overbites, underbites, openbites, and crossbites. There is no specific system of deciding how much misalignment is too much. Your child's orthodontist will decide whether your child's bite will need correction. Malocclusion can cause problems with the child's bite, gum tissue, jaw joint, speech development, and appearance. Orthodontis...
Aphthous Stomatitis (Canker Sores) What is aphthous stomatitis? Aphthous stomatitis is an illness that causes small ulcers to appear in the mouth. They are usually inside the lips, on the cheeks, or on the tongue. Aphthous ulcers are also known as "canker sores." What causes aphthous stomatitis? The exact cause of this disease is not known. However, there are many factors that are thought to be involved with the development of canker sores, including: Weakened immune system Allergies to food, such as co...
Physical Exam for a Child with Congenital Heart Disease
Physical Exam for a Child with Congenital Heart Disease Your child's physical exam Your child's doctor will do an exam when diagnosing or evaluating heart conditions. This exam may include a head-to-toe assessment. A physical exam can help detect possible heart conditions, or help determine how well your child is coping with existing heart problems. Some of the areas that may indicate a problem with your child's heart health include the following. The head The doctor will check the soft spot on the top ...
Factors Contributing to Congenital Heart Disease
Factors Contributing to Congenital Heart Disease What causes congenital heart disease? A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem which is present at birth. It is caused by abnormal formation of the heart during fetal development. In most cases, when a baby is born with congenital heart disease, there is no known reason for it. Scientists know that some types of congenital heart defects can be related to an abnormality in the number of an infant's chromosomes, single gene defects, or environment...
Bipolar Disorder in Adolescents
Bipolar Disorder in Adolescents What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, previously referred to as manic depression, is classified as a type of affective disorder (also called mood disorder). It goes beyond the day's ordinary ups and downs, and is a serious medical condition and important health concern in this country. Bipolar disorder is characterized by periodic episodes of extreme elation, happiness, elevated mood, or irritability (also called mania) countered by periodic, classic major depressiv...
Major Depression in Adolescents
Major Depression in Adolescents What is major depression? Major depression, also known as clinical depression or unipolar depression, is classified as a type of affective disorder (also called mood disorder). This goes beyond the day's ordinary ups and downs. It has become a serious medical condition and important health concern in this country. Depression is a mood disorder that involves an adolescent's body, mood, and thoughts. It can affect and disrupt eating, sleeping, or thinking patterns. It is no...
High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents
High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the artery walls. Two numbers are recorded when measuring blood pressure: Systolic pressure. This is the higher number. It refers to the highest pressure inside the artery. It occurs when the heart contracts and pumps blood to the body. Diastolic pressure. This is the lower number. It refers to the lowest pressure inside the artery. It occurs when the heart relaxes and fi...
X-linked Inheritance Genes are the blueprints for making proteins. These are the substances our bodies need to form and work well. Most genes come in pairs, one of which is inherited from the mother and the other from the father. A mutation is a change in a gene that keeps it from working right. Mutations in genes are inherited from our biological parents in certain ways. One of the common patterns of genetic inheritance is called X-linked inheritance. What is X-linked inheritance? X-linked inheritance ...
Cancer Overview What is cancer? Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells. Cancer cells quickly reproduce event without enough space and nutrients. They also grow despite signals sent from the body to stop reproduction. Cancer cells are often shaped differently from healthy cells. They do not work well and can spread to many parts of the body. Tumors, masses, or lesions are names for abnormal growths of tissue that can become cancer. Their growth is not regulated. Oncology is the branch of medicine that stu...
Online Resources - Cancer
Online Resources – Cancer This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your health care provider. The content provided here is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition. This page contains links...
Congenital Liver Defects
Congenital Liver Defects What are congenital liver defects? Congenital liver defects are liver disorders that are present at birth. They are rare. These liver disorders usually block the bile ducts. This affects the flow of bile. Bile is a fluid made in the liver. It helps with digestion. The bile ducts take bile from the liver and bring it to the gallbladder to be stored. Then they carry bile to the small intestine for digestion. When the bile ducts are blocked, bile builds up in the liver. This damage...
Parathyroid Tumor What is a parathyroid tumor? A parathyroid tumor is a growth inside a parathyroid gland. The parathyroid glands are 4 small, pea-sized glands located in your neck near the thyroid gland. They’re part of the endocrine system. This system controls hormones in your body. The parathyroid glands make parathyroid hormone. This regulates the levels of calcium and phosphorus in your blood. Parathyroid tumors may increase the levels of parathyroid hormones. This leads to more calcium in your bl...
Pancreatic Cancer: Introduction
Pancreatic Cancer: Introduction What is cancer? Cancer is when cells in the body change and grow out of control. Your body is made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal cells grow when your body needs them, and die when your body does not need them any longer. Cancer is made up of abnormal cells that grow even though your body doesn't need them. In most cancers, the abnormal cells grow to form a lump or mass called a tumor. If cancer cells are in the body long enough, they can grow into (invad...
Alcohol Use and People with Diabetes
Alcohol Use and People with Diabetes Alcohol and diabetes Alcohol consumption can lower blood sugar levels to the point of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), causing significant symptoms. A person with diabetes should keep careful track of his or her blood sugar levels when drinking alcohol. This is because certain diabetes medicines, including insulin, also lower blood glucose levels. If blood glucose levels are too low, or if the stomach is empty, alcohol consumption should be avoided. The symptoms for a...
Excessive Hairiness (Hirsutism)
Excessive Hairiness (Hirsutism) What is excessive hairiness? Excessive hairiness, also known as hirsutism, is characterized by abnormal hair growth on areas of skin that are not normally hairy. Although the condition can affect both men and women, it is usually more bothersome to women. What causes excessive hairiness? Excessive hairiness tends to run in families, especially in families of Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent. The excessive hairiness in children and women may be caused...
Warts What are warts? Warts are noncancerous skin growths caused by the papillomavirus. Warts are more common in children than adults, although they can develop at any age. Warts can spread to other parts of the body and to other people. There are many different types of warts, due to many different papillomavirus types (more than 100). Warts usually aren't painful, except when located on the feet. Most warts go away, without treatment, over an extended period of time. Common types of warts The followin...
Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis What is toxic epidermal necrolysis? Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening skin disorder characterized by a blistering and peeling of the skin. This disorder can be caused by a drug reaction—often antibiotics or anticonvulsives. What are the symptoms of toxic epidermal necrolysis? Toxic epidermal necrolysis causes the skin to peel in sheets. This leaves large, raw areas exposed. The loss of skin allows fluids and salts to ooze from the raw, damaged areas. These areas...
Tinea Versicolor What is tinea versicolor? Tinea versicolor is a common fungal skin infection caused by yeast on the skin. It is also called pityriasis versicolor. It is characterized by lighter or darker patches on the skin. Patches are most often found on the chest or back and prevent the skin from tanning evenly. It happens mostly in adolescence and early adulthood due to oily skin, but it can happen at any time. What are the symptoms of tinea versicolor? Usually, the only symptom of tinea versicolor...
Sunburn What is sunburn? Sunburn is a visible reaction of the skin's exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation (invisible rays that are part of sunlight), or UV light sources, such as tanning salons. The signs of a sunburn may not appear for a few hours. It is typically at its worst at 24 to 36 hours after sun exposure and resolves in 3 to 5 days. Ultraviolet rays can also initially cause invisible damage to the skin. Excessive and/or multiple sunburns cause premature aging of the skin and lead to skin can...
Seborrheic Dermatitis What is seborrheic dermatitis? Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation of the upper layers of skin, characterized by red, itchy skin that sheds scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may be a hereditary condition. It is often aggravated by hormonal changes and cold weather conditions. Seborrheic dermatitis is most common during: Infancy. In infants, the condition is also called cradle cap , because of its characteristic scaly appearance on the scalp. However, cradle cap can also happen in ...
Rosacea What is rosacea? Rosacea is a common chronic skin condition that usually only affects the face and eyes. Occasionally, the neck, chest, or other areas may be involved. Characterized by redness, pimples, and broken blood vessels, rosacea tends to begin after middle age (between the ages of 30 and 60). It is more common in fair-skinned people and women in menopause. The cause of rosacea is unknown. An estimated more than 14 million people in the U.S. have rosacea. What are the symptoms of rosacea?...
Scabies What is scabies? Scabies is an infestation of mites (tiny insects) characterized by small, red bumps and intense itching. This highly contagious infection often spreads from person to person while they are sleeping together in the same bed, or during close, personal contact. The itching is caused by the mites burrowing into the skin where they lay eggs that hatch a few days later. Scabies can affect people of all ages and social classes. It is common all over the world. Scabies happens mostly in...
Tinea Infections (Ringworm)
Tinea Infections (Ringworm) What are tinea infections? Different fungi, depending on their location on the body, cause ringworm. It is caused by a fungal infection—not an actual worm. Fungi on the skin, hair, and nail bed are called dermatophytes. Also referred to by healthcare providers as Tinea infections, infection on the scalp, arms, legs, face, and trunk is characterized by ring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers. Tinea infections of the feet, nails, and genital areas are not generall...
Prickly Heat What is prickly heat? Prickly heat, also called miliaria, is a skin rash caused by trapped sweat under the skin. Sweat can become trapped when the narrow ducts through which sweat travels to the surface become clogged. Prickly heat tends to be more common in warmer, more humid climates. The condition usually appears on the torso and thighs, especially where skin touches skin. What are the symptoms of prickly heat? The following are the most common symptoms of prickly heat. However, each ind...
Poison Ivy What is poison ivy? There are three native American plants that collectively may be called poison ivy: Poison ivy Poison oak Poison sumac These plants can cause an allergic reaction in nearly 85% of the population. To be allergic to poison ivy, you must first be sensitized to the oils. This means that the first time you touch the plant, there may be no reaction. However, the next time there is contact with the plant, a rash may develop. What causes an allergic reaction? The resin in the plant...
Pityriasis Rosea What is pityriasis rosea? Pityriasis rosea is a mild, but common, skin condition. Characterized by scaly, pink, inflamed skin, the condition can last from 1 to 3 months and usually leaves no lasting marks. What causes pityriasis rosea? The cause of pityriasis rosea is not known, but it is commonly believed to be caused by a virus or bacteria. Some patients may have a cold before the rash. It is usually seen in children, adolescents, and young adults. Most people with the rash are 10 to ...
Keratosis Pilaris What is keratosis pilaris? Keratosis pilaris is a common skin disorder. It is characterized by small, scaly pointed bumps on the skin. The bumps usually appear on the upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. The condition worsens in the winter and usually clears up in the summer. Keratosis pilaris has no known cause, but tends to run in families. This disorder does not get worse over time. It is harmless, and often disappears as the person ages. Treatment for keratosis pilaris Usually no trea...
Ingrown Hairs What is an ingrown hair? An ingrown hair, or pseudofolliculitis, is a hair that curls and penetrates the skin with its tip, causing inflammation. Ingrown hairs are more common among people with very curly hair. Most ingrown hairs happen in the beard area on men and the bikini or groin area on women. What are the symptoms of an ingrown hair? The most common symptom of an ingrown hair is redness and inflammation of the skin. This is followed by pus formation. However, each individual may exp...
Granuloma Annulare What is granuloma annulare? Granuloma annulare is a benign skin condition characterized by small, raised bumps that form a ring with a normal or sunken center. The cause of granuloma annulare is unknown and it is found in patients of all ages. The condition tends to be seen in otherwise healthy people. Sometimes it is associated with diabetes or thyroid disease. What are the symptoms of granuloma annulare? The following are the most common signs or symptoms of granuloma annulare. Howe...
Generalized Exfoliative Dermatitis
Generalized Exfoliative Dermatitis What is generalized exfoliative dermatitis? Generalized exfoliative dermatitis, or erythroderma, is a severe inflammation of the entire skin surface. This is due to a reaction to certain medicines, a pre-existing skin condition, and sometimes cancer. In approximately 25% of people, there is no identifiable cause. It is characterized by redness and scaling of the skin that begins in patches and spreads. The skin begins to slough off. This leads to problems with temperat...
Folliculitis, Boils, and Carbuncles
Folliculitis, Boils, and Carbuncles What are folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles? Folliculitis is the inflammation of hair follicles due to an infection, injury, or irritation. It is characterized by tender, swollen areas that form around hair follicles, often on the neck, breasts, buttocks, and face. Boils (also referred to as furuncles ) are pus-filled lesions that are painful and usually firm. Boils happen when infection around the hair follicles spreads deeper. They are usually located in the waist ...
Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) What is excessive sweating? Excessive sweating, also called hyperhidrosis, can affect the entire body, but usually occurs in the palms, soles, armpits, and/or groin area. Excessive sweating is normal when a person is anxious or has a fever. However, when the condition is chronic, it may be hyperhidrosis or it can signal thyroid problems, low blood sugar, nervous system disorders, or other medical problems. Typically, hyperhidrosis is a benign problem with no clear caus...
Erythema Nodosum What is erythema nodosum? Erythema nodosum is characterized by tender, red bumps, usually found symmetrically on the shins. Up to 55 percent of cases have no clear identifiable cause. Sometimes, erythema nodosum is not a separate disease. Rather, it is a sign of some other infection, disease, or of a sensitivity to a drug. Diseases that can cause erythema nodosum These diseases include: Streptococcal infections Sarcoidosis (inflammation of the lymph nodes and other organs) Coccidioidomy...
Erythema Multiforme What is erythema multiforme? Erythema multiforme is a skin disorder that's considered to be an allergic reaction to medicine or an infection. Symptoms are symmetrical, red, raised skin areas that can appear all over the body. They do seem to be more noticeable on the fingers and toes. These patches often look like "targets" (dark circles with purple-grey centers). The skin condition may happen over and over again, and usually lasts for 2 to 4 weeks each time. Most often, this disorde...
Calluses and Corns
Calluses and Corns What are calluses and corns? Calluses develop as a normal response to chronic excessive friction and pressure. They are protective pads made up of a thickened upper layer of skin. Corns are small calluses that develop on the top of the toes due to pressure or rubbing against shoes or other toes. Both can be the result of poorly fitting shoes, abnormal foot function, or high activity levels. Treatment for calluses and corns Calluses are usually painless, but corns can be quite painful....
Multiple Myeloma: Treatment Questions
Multiple Myeloma: Treatment Questions Talking with healthcare providers about your cancer can be overwhelming. It can be hard to take in all of the information. It helps to be prepared. Make a list of questions and bring them to your appointments. Write the answers down in a notebook. Make sure you ask how the treatment might change your daily life, including your diet, and how you will feel after treatment. Ask how successful the treatment is expected to be, and what the risks and possible side effects...
Radiografía de los senos paranasales
Radiografía de los senos paranasales (Radiografías de los senos paranasales) Descripción general del procedimiento ¿Qué es una radiografía de los senos paranasales? Una radiografía de los senos paranasales es un tipo de radiografía que se utiliza para obtener imágenes de los senos paranasales. Los senos paranasales son cavidades llenas de aire recubiertas por una membrana mucosa que se encuentran dentro de los huesos del cráneo. Durante una radiografía de los senos paranasales, los rayos X pasan a travé...
Fluoroscopia de tórax
Fluoroscopia de tórax Descripción general del procedimiento ¿Qué es la fluoroscopia de tórax? La fluoroscopia de tórax es un tipo de procedimiento radiológico que se utiliza para evaluar el movimiento y la función de los pulmones y de otras estructuras del tracto respiratorio. La fluoroscopia es un estudio de las estructuras en movimiento del cuerpo, similar a una “película” de rayos X. Se pasa un haz continuo de rayos-X a través de la parte del cuerpo que se debe examinar. El haz de luz se transmite a ...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.